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Some early Plant wills and a few University attendees around England (1525 to 1775)

Some other, mostly earlier, assorted Plant documents with their full texts are given are here and a listing of some additional medieval Plant records, starting 1202, are given here.

Sources for the listed Plant Wills etc.

I am grateful to Earl Davies (ED) for making a start on adding some details to the summaries below of some Plant wills, mostly proved at Lichfield, working backwards from 1699. The Lichfield wills cover largely the counties of Staffordshire, Derbyshire and Shropshire and are available here and here). Cheshire wills are available here. In 1993, W K Plant (Roots and Branches, Issue 5, pp. 17-21) listed many wills, proved mainly at Lichfield and Chester, between 1527 and 1896, though these had several shortcomings, such as a lack of location for all 44 listed Lichfield wills between 1533 and 1626. A more complete list, with place names, since 1527 to 1699 in the case of Lichfield wills, is listed below (some designated WKP where appropriate). A few wills further afield before 1699, especially in the south-east of England, are indexed for the Prerogative Consistory Court of Canterbury and they are listed here below, as taken from their index at The National Archives (designated TNA). Also, the relatively few, pre-1699 Plant attendees at Oxford and Cambridge Universities are taken from W Keith Plant (1991) Roots and Branches, Issue 2, pp 27-29 (designated WKP). Some assorted, more widespread, pre-1775 Plant wills are taken from the indices here for: Bank of England (1717-1845); Devon (1163-1999); Essex (1675-1858); Kent (1328-1890); Lancashire (1457-1858); Leicestershire (1500-1939); Oxfordshire (1516-1857); Surrey & South London (1470-1865); Wiltshire, Court of Salisbury (1464-1858).

Some early Plants around the Staffordshire Moorlands: the main homeland of the main Plant family

In Leek parish, there were particularly many land-holding Plant yeomen and husbandmen with probated wills. It seems that these ancestral Plants could have provided the main fertile roots for the unusually large growth of the main Plant family. The illustration below shows cattle by Ramshaw Rocks, on the Leek-Buxton road, looking down south on Leekfrith with Leek town in the distance. In a list of Staffordshire families in 1532-33, eleven of the eighteen Plant families were in the Staffordshire Moorlands with, for example, five in Leekfrith where Dieulacres Abbey had already received extensive lands from the earl of Chester between 1229-32. Dieulacres fared well in disputes with neighbouring religious houses and in the TAXATIO of 1291 it was the wealthiest monastry in Staffordshire, as far as real estate was concerned, with some lands also in Cheshire and Lancashire [DA, Chap 2]. The 13th-century Longspee-Audley feudal lords and the expanding lands of Dieulacres Abbey might relate to the early expansion of land-holding Plants especially in Leek parish.

Cattle by Ramshaw Rocks on the Leek-Buxton road  [WSL Ref: SV V.105a]
Leek- Rocks on the Road to Flash, c1835 (21cm x 30cm) watercolour attributed to Lewis John Wood
Reproduced on this web page by permission of the Trustees of the William Salt Library, Stafford.

Flash (reputedly the highest village in England) is on the way to Buxton (highest town in England) which is at the top right of the following map. Robert Plot (1686) described the nearby rocks of the Roaches and Hen Cloud as 'such really stupendous prospects, which I have never seen before, or could have believed to be anywhere but in picture'. On the other hand, William Camden, in the 1607 edition of his Britannia, had described the area as 'so harsh, foul and cold that the snow continues for a long time'. The plateaux of these so-called Staffordshire Moorlands are mostly 800 feet above sea level but occasionally reaching higher to 1,600 feet. [AHOS, p 17]

Leek parish is shown in the map of the Staffordshire Moorlands below with Leek town as item 1. There are also many probated Plant wills for near Stone priory, further south, in the more fertile central band of Staffordshire, as well as some further to the north, especially in the Pennine foothills of east Cheshire. The following map of the Moorlands is from Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire (1686) [AHOL, p 10] with added red numbers to help identify some relevant locations...
Plants around the Staffordshire Moorlands

    1. Leek town and Dieulacres
    Leek town in Leek parish (market charter granted in 1208).
    Dieulacres Abbey (1214-1538).
    Both in the fertile flood plane of the Upper Churnet Valley.
    Thomas Plonte abetted the Abbot in a beheading in Leek in 1379.
    (Abbot had right of infangenthef, i.e. imposition of death sentence in certain circumstances).
    2. Trespass with bullock
    Black Prince's vaccary across the River Dane boundary in Cheshire.
    Thomas Plontt, trespass with bullock, case heard at Macclesfield Court in 1373.
    3. Roach Grange
    Lease of croft for 39 years by Edward Plant, granted by Abbot of Dieulacres in 1406.
    4. Audley lands
    The Audley Lords owned Horton and Gratton Manor in Leek parish by 1218.
    Also several dairy farms on their Moorland estate in Alstonfield parish by 1308 [AHOS, p 86].
    5. Alstonfield parish
    Adjoins eastern boundary of Leek parish.
    Plant wills there by 1550.
    6. Waterfall
    Plant wills there by 1557.
    7. Heaton quarter of Leek parish
    William Plant of Heaton bought half share of Heaton quarter in 1614, sold it in 1631
    (map of Leek parish quarters here).
    Plant wills at Heaton by 1693.
    8. Bosley
    Bosley in Cheshire: Plant wills there by 1677.
    9. Congleton
    Congleton, Cheshire: Plant will by 1758.
    10. Sheen and Hartington
    Sheen, Staffordshire: Plant family by 1532-33.
    Hartington, Derbyshire: Plant will by 1692.

In Cheshire, arable was returned to pasture following the population decline in the 1350s and 1360s and the Pennine foothils specialised in vaccaries. Though one important purpose was rearing cattle for sale, cheese was being produced on a commercial scale, at least from 1372 onwards, with Cheshire Cheese perhaps being a 14th century invention [AHOC, p 45].

Further afield, quite distant at the southern tip of Derbyshire for example, there are Plant wills at Gresley by 1558. This is near Repton School whence hailed a 1662 Plant attendee at Cambridge University who became a deacon then priest at Lichfield Cathedral in Staffordshire. The first two undergraduates from Repton School, in 1568-9, were from Staffordshire and Warwickshire indicating its early evolution as a boarding school of high accademic status; the school was formed from a suitable building in the post-dissolution ruins of Repton Priory, where instead of the monks' and nuns' prayers for the souls of rich benefactors, prayers were directed (1557) to be offered up by schoolmasters at the start and end of each day [AHOD, pp 73-74].

[DA - Michael J Fisher, Dieulacres Abbey (http://dieulacresabbey.blogspot.co.uk)] [AHOL - R Poole, A History of Leek, (Churnet Valley Books, 2002).] [AHOS - M W Greenslade and D G Stuart, A History of Staffordshire, 3rd edition (Phillimore, 1998).] [AHOC - A Crosby, A History of Cheshire, (Phillimore, 1996).] [AHOD - J Childs, A History of Derbyshire, (Phillimore, 1987).]
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Some Relevant Statistics concerning Plant wills

For data mainly around Suffolk around 1620, Clark and his co-workers have estimated that around 39% of men aged 16, and over, made a probated will. For those giving an occupation, 37% were yeoman farmers and 16% were husbandmen [SOTR, p 712]. This and other statistical data is given in the following publications:

[SOTR - G Clark and G Hamilton (Sep 2006) Survival of the Richest: the Malthusian Mechanism in pre-Industrial England, The Journal of Economic History, Vol 66, No 3, pp 707-736.]   [SASM - G Clark and N Cummins, Surnames and Social Mobility: England 1230-2012, Working Paper, University of California, Davis.] [AFTA - G Clark, A Farewell to Alms: A brief Economic History of the World, (2007).]   [TSAR - G Clark, The Son Also Rises: 1,000 years of Social Mobility (2014).]

Corresponding information for the Plant surname is sparse; but, by considering some total counts for the pre-Industrial years 1526-1775, the aggregated numbers become large enough to be statistically-reliable and meaningful. Hence we have that 37% of Plant testators, the same fraction as in SOTR, were yeoman farmers. On the other hand, almost twice as many as found in SOTR, 30%, were husbandmen. This leaves out detailed mention of relatively few gentlemen, rectors, labourers, shepherds, mariners, for example.

Years: 1526-
 1550
1551-
 1575
1576-
 1600
1601-
 1625
1626-
 1650
1651-
 1675
1676-
 1700
1701-
 1725
1726-
 1750
1751-
 1775

Total
Records:   1517221922 2254323648287
for Males:   13161918 201645263139244
with Occupations:  001 3121033201827 124
yeomen:  001 22499612 45
husbandmen:  000 18116444 37
Uni students:  000 2131000 7

Clark's data for the population more generally, around 1620, indicates that the average numbers of surviving children were roughly: 2.8 fathered by a husbandman; and, 3.3 by a yeoman [AFTA, p 89].

To summarise the above table of statistical data, the table indicates that over one-third of the Plant testators were reasonably high status yeomen and nearly a further third were husbandmen. In the population more generally, the latter have been estimated to be of rather lower than average status; though, that said, the description yeoman, or husbandman, was rather imprecise. Some husbandmen were literate and wealthier than illiterate yeomen [SOTR, p 725].

This matters because, according to the SOTR data, it is specifically the wealth of a male testator, better than his occupation, that gives a good guide to the generally expected number of surviving sons. Hence, wealth is relevant for our purposes in so far as it relates to the perpetuation and growth of a surname family. Not all rich yeomen, gentlemen and merchants had many surviving fertile children but, in the absence of more detail being extracted from the available Plant wills below, our existing knowledge about the numbers of Plants who were yeomen and husbandmen can provide some clues concerning this surname's proliferation.

In the economic circumstances of pre-Industrial England [TSAR, p 132], knowing someone's occupation explained only about one-fifth of the wealth variation between wills [AFTA, p 86]. For example, yeoman farmers left £376 on average but as much as £6,352; husbandmen on average £82 but as much as £1,898 [AFTA, p 87]. A typical male testator in England, in those years around 1620, would leave on average 2.58 surviving children [SOTR, p 722]. In Clark's data for those times, the median bequest of wealth, comprising land, goods and cash, amounted to £100 [AFTA, p 87]. A richer male testator than this would typically father 5.8 births (or 9.2 if married for 20 or more years); a poorer 4.2 (or 6.4 if long married); hence the richer half of these male testators fathered around 40% more births than the poorer [AFTA, p 89].

As well as fathering more children, the relatively rich, especially those leaving home to be well educated, could have had the wherewithal to migrate and ramify sons bearing their paternal surname.

A few Plants in the table above are designated as Uni Students. These are attendees at Oxford and Cambridge Universities who, in the general population, are estimated to have belonged to a cohort of around 1% of all suitably aged males, though this estimate increases to around 2% during the years 1560 to 1679 [SASM, p 5]. More generally, when other educational oportunities are added, such as at the Innes of Court, the estimate becomes more generally 2% [TSAR, p 75].

Some privileged sons, however, would no doubt have inherited farmable land and would not have wished to migrate away; presumably these were often the eldest. The Plants appear to have had only a typical number of the above-average status yeoman farmers whilst, more strikingly, they had a relatively high fraction of Plant husbandmen. This leaves less room for non land-holding occupations. This might be relevant for the unusually large growth of the main Plant family, in so far it appears as that rural landholders had rather an above average number of surviving children.

For the population more generally, the average number of fertile sons per male testator, in 1585-1638, is reported [SOTR, p 715] to be 1.51 in rural areas, as against 1.22 in towns and 0.83 in London. Rural landowners evidently produced more sons than the average. The rural average, 1.51, was little different however from the overall average number, at 1.42, in Clark's data sample in SOTR, though this omits non-testators who could have fathered fewer.

A substantial part of the descent from the large and small Plant landholders would no doubt have remained with or near the Plants' ancestral land, as indeed the following evidence seems to indicate.

Of the 18 Staffordshire Plant families in 1532-33, listed here, the fraction near to Dieulacress Abbey, in Leek parish, was 56% and there were a further 17% further south near Stone priory. For the listed Plant records below, during 1526 to 1625, 62% are in Staffordshire, 11% in Shropshire and 8% in Derbyshire, though the coverage of more widespread counties is somewhat haphazard. Of the wills etc records below for Staffordshire, 42% are in Leek parish, 11% are in adjoining Alstonfield of the Staffordshire Moorlands, and 27% are near Stone in the richer and more populous central band of the county.

After 1626, we have some better information about the occupations of Plant testators. Of the 42 known Plant yeomen between 1626 and 1775 for all counties in the following list, 45%, were near the former location (e.g. Leek, Wincle, Bosley) and 17% were near the latter (Stone, Yarnfield, Swynnerton, Standon, Milwich). These percentages for yeomen in 1626-1775 are very similar to the fractions for Staffordshire families 1532-33. For the holders of less land, the 36 husbandmen, the percentages were 49% and 3%, in other words similar to the yeomen near Leek though much less so for husbandmen near Stone.

This suggests that the Plants persisting in the main ancestral homeland, especially the yeomen around Leek parish, could have generated much of a strong growth for the main Plant family. Population expansion here in the so-called Staffordshire Moorlands, in the extensive unimproved pasture albeit harsh in winter, could have left room for smaller landholders as indicated by the high percentage of the husbandmen here.

These main homeland Plants no doubt often had family links to those who migrated elsewhere, as indicated by the y-dna evidence for the main Plant family (outlined here).

For early times, when the migrations likely started, it is important to note that the early Plant data contains major holes. These are indicated in the following table for example. This summarises the parish records listed here for 1538-1600, by just giving the percentages for the main counties for the Plant name. This is followed by the number of Plant wills etc listed below for the broadly overlapping years 1526-1625.

  Staffs Chesh Lincs Leices DerbysWarks NorfShrop OxonWilts
Parish  19%28%7%6%3%3% 2%0%.003%.005%
Wills  4510642 0832
Within the data for Staffordshire, the parish records show that 0% were in Leek parish and 45% were at Stone, even though other earlier and later data shows that Leek was the main Plant homeland, to such an extent as 56% in Leek parish and 17% near Stone for the 1532-33 Staffordshire Plant families (listed here) for example. This indicates a major hole in parish records for the main Plant homeland of Leek such that, if these Leek records were not missing, the percentage of parish records for Staffordshire in the above table would likely have become nearer to around 40% instead of 19%, though perhaps not as high as the 62% indicated by the yet available Plant wills data.

As already mentioned, our coverage of probated wills data throughout various counties is haphazard, at least so far. That said, the Lichfield probate data for Staffordshire, Shropshire and Derbyshire is relatively good. These are the counties to which the main Plant family would probably have had the most chance of spreading, in early centuries, from Leek parish. This omits the county of Cheshire (with its poor representation at this time in the Plant wills numbered in the above table), though this county is just over the border from Leek parish in north Staffordshire.

To summarise the early Plant data, we are fortunate to have the Lichfield probate data for much of the counties surrounding the main Plant homeland, though not for Cheshire during 1526-1625. On the other hand, we are unfortunate in respect of the very poor parish record data for the main Plant homeland of Leek parish itself, where there are no available Plant baptisms, mariages or deaths for 1526-1625 and only occasional disjointed family snippets thereafter. This places extra value on the probated Plant wills, especially for Leek parish, which was evidently the main originating parish for the main Plant family's strong growth. The large fraction of husbandmen as well as yeomen in this parish, in the probated wills below, can be explained by the extensive tracts of unimproved pasture in the Staffordshire Moorlands, leaving room for the main Plant family's expansion throughout these lands which were known for wool, mutton and beef, having been attached to the Cistercian abbey of Dieulacres until its 1539 dissolution, as well as being known for its dairy produce including famed cheese from adjoining Cheshire.

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The Records (1526-1775) in reverse order

1775-1751

48 records, 39 for males.

1775 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of George Plant, oilman of Saint Mary Whitechappel, Middlesex.
1775 will, probate at Chester
* Will of Samuel Plant, yeoman of Wincle, Cheshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, last of Macclesfield, yeoman of Wincle, Cheshire.
1775 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, yeoman of Stoneycliffe, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Sarah Plant, widow of Edensor, Derbyshire.
1774 will, probate at Chester
* James Plant of Odd Rode, Cheshire.
1774 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Joseph Plant of Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire.
* Will of Stephen Plant, gentleman of Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire.
1773 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of James Plant, yeoman of Sidway Mill House, Maer, Staffordshire
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Donnington, Shropshire.
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Sheriff Hales, [states Staffordshire but in Shropshire].
* Will of Joseph Plant, schoolmaster of Coventry, Warwickshire.
1772 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of James Plant, husbandman of Naychurch, Alstonefield, Staffordshire.
* Will of James Plant, husbandman of Gorlage, Alstonefield, Staffordshire.
1772 wills, of Kent (Rochester Archdeaconry Court)
* Will of John Plant of Chatham, Kent.
* Will of John Plant of Rochester, Kent.
1770 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Jane Plant, spinster of Stone, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Hurdloe Leek, Staffordshire.
1769 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant senior, yeoman of Hazlewood, Leek, Staffordshire.
1768 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Elias Plant, late butcher of Saint Bartholomew's hospital London.
* Will of Walter Plant, mariner belonging to His Majesty's Ship (HMS) the Weymouth.
1768 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of George Plant of Eccleshall.
* Will of John Plant senior, yeoman of Yarnfield, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Beech, Stone, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant, farmer and brickmaker of Duckmanton, Sutton, Derbyshire (see details of will in section 27.5 of here).
1767 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Sarah Plant, widow of Saint Andrew Holborn, Middlesex.
1767 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Mary Plant, singlewoman of Beech, Stone, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant of Radwood, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1766 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Michael Plant of Edensor, Derbyshire.
1765 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant, labourer of Chadlington, Oxfordshire.
1764 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Edward Plant, now on board His Majesty's Ship (HMS) Orford.
1764 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of James Plant senior, yeoman of Leek, Staffordshire.
1763 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Richard Plant, now belonging to His Majesty's Ship (HMS) Terpsichore.
1763 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Edward Plant of Piercehay, Brewood, Staffordshire.
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1760 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will and Inventory of John Plant senior, yeoman of Hazlewodd, Leek, Staffordshire.
1759 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant of Saint Georges Hanover Square, Middlesex.
1759 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Ann Plant, widow of Broughton, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1759 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Bagworth, Leicestershire.
1758 will, probate at Chester
* Will and codacil of Thomas Plant, saddletree maker of Congleton, Staffordshire.
1758 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Katherine Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1757 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Hannah Plant, widow of Muggington, Derbyshire.
1757 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Thame, Oxfordshire.
1756 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Hanah or Hannah Plant, widow of Saint James Westminster, Middlesex.
1754 will, probate at Chester
* Admon. of Thomas Plant of Becton, Cheshire.
1754 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Moses Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1752 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Daniel Plant, labourer of Litton, Tideswell, Derbyshire.
* Will of Henry Plant, yeoman of Sutton on the Hill, Derbyshire.
1751 wills, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Bagworth, Leicestershire.
* Will of Thomas Plant of Frowlesworth, Leicestershire.

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1750-1726

36 records, 31 for males

1750 will, probate at Chester
* Will of Randle Plant, miller of North Rode, Cheshire.
1750 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1750 will, of Surrey and south London
* Mention of Fortunatus Planta in will of Robert Wheatley.
1749 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Sentence of Thomas Plant of Bristol, Gloucestershire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, mariner of Saint Bride, City of London.
1749 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1748 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant, linen draper of Saint James, Middlesex.
1747 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant of Spot, Stone, Staffordshire.
1746 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of William Plant of Cropredy, Oxfordshire.
1746 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Joseph Plant, smith of The Nachurch, Alstonefield, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1746 beneficiary of Essex
* Beneficiary of will by Bragg, Mary Plant of Essex, England.
1746 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of William Plant of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1744 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Martha Plant.
1744 will, probate at Chester
* Will of Davenport Plant, soldier of Butley, Cheshire.
1743 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Matthew Plant, miller of Darlaston, Stone, Staffordshire.
1742 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Bearson, Shropshire.
* Will of Mary Plant of Stone, Staffordshire.
* Will of Samuel Plant, yeoman of Abbey Green, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Hurdlow, Leek, Staffordshire.
1739 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Jonathan Plant, gentleman of Broughton, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Spot, Stone, Staffordshire.
1737 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, spinster of Yarnfield, Staffordshire.
* Will of James Plant, bachelor of Pattingham, Staffordshire.
1732 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant Plant of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Leek, Staffordshire.
1730 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Roland Plant of Yeldersley, Ashbourne, Derbyshire.
1728 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant, Merchant of London.
1728 will, probate at Chester
* Will and Inventory of Edward Plant, yeoman of Little Leigh, Cheshire.
1728 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Daniel Plant, yeoman of Upton Magna, Shropshire.
* Will of Geoffrey Plant, husbandman of Prestbury, Sutton, Cheshire (?note proved at Lichfield).
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Yarnfield, Staffordshire.
1728 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Johis or John Plant of Heathr, Leicestershire.
1727 wills, probate at Chester
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, spinster of Bartholomley, Cheshire.
* Will of John Plante, husbandman of The Bankhouse, Horton, Staffordshire.
1726 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Market Bosworth, Leicestershire.

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1725-1701

32 records, 26 for males.

1725 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Beardmore Plant of Ridge, Standon, Staffordshire.
* Will of Matthew Plant, husbandman of Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of Robert Plant of Fenton Vivian, Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire.
1724 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Margaret Plant, widow of Drayton in Hales, Shropshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Standon, Staffordshire.
1723 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, miller of Darlaston, Staffordshire.
1722 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Ann Plant of Edensor, Derbyshire.
1722 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant snr, labourer of Chidlington, Oxfordshire.
1721 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Anne Plant, spinster of Millmeece, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
* Will of Humphry Plant of Millmeece, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1719 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Blackshaw Moor, Leek, Staffordshire.
1718 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant, vintner and weaver of Saint Botolf without Bishopgate, City of London.
1717 will, probate at Chester
* Will and Inventory of Edward Plant, yoeman of Mobberley, Cheshire.
1715 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, spinster of Hoker, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant, yeoman, widower of Coton Milwich, Staffordshire.
1714 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Joseph Plant of Newborough Hanbury, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Hurdlowe, Leek, Staffordshire.
1713 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Ellen Plant, single woman of Onecote in Leek parish, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant, yeoman of Stoneycliffe, Leek, Staffordshire.
1711 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, miller of Drayton in Hales, Shropshire.
1709 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of James Plant, yeoman of The Meadow, Stonecliffe, Leek, Staffordshire.
1708 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Innwood, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant of Loxley, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.
1707 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Ann Plant, 'bachelor' of Benthead Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of John Plant, rector of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1707 will, probate at Chester
* Will and Inventory of James Plant Jnr, blacksmith of Wincle, Cheshire.
1705 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Paul Plant, baker of Bradbourne, Derbyshire.
1705 will, probate at Chester
* Inventory and Admon. of Laurence Plant husbandman of Hall Edge, Cheshire.
1704 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Edward Plant, husbandman of Trentham, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Yarnfield, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1703 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Edward Plant, gentleman of Saint Andrew Holburn, Middlesex.
1702 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.

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1700-1676

54 records, 45 for males

1700 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richard Plant, yeoman of Folker, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Whiteberch, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Little Harorough, Newbold on Avon, Warwickshire.
1699 wills, probate at Lichfield (ED)
* Will made in 1699, proved April 11 1700. Richard Plant of Folker in the parish of Leek (Staffordshire) [Probably at modern day ST13 8SF] names children Richard, William, Dorothy, Elizabeth, John and wife Dorothy
* Will made in 1699, proved April 11 1700 Thomas Plant of Whiteberch? in the parish of Leek (Staffordshire), husbandman, names wife Elizabeth, names a son William, daughter Anne names a grandson? or godson? William Goodwin
* Will made in 1699, proved April 26 1700. Thomas Plant of Little Harborough, Warwickshire, husbandman names son Thomas Plant, daughter Anne Plant, daughter Elizabeth Plant
1699 will and inventory, probate at Chester (WKP)
* Will and inventory of Henry Plant, yeoman of Wincle (Macclesfield hundred, Cheshire)).
1698 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Ellen Plant, widow of Burbidge, Hartington Derbyshire.
1698 attendee at Cambridge University (WKP)
* Attendee, John Plant amd.sizar at Jesus Cambridge, June 15, 1698 of Staffs, matric 1698, BA 1701-2, rector of Swynnerton, Staffs, 1704-7.
1697 will, probate at Lichfield (ED)
* Probate document 1697, no Will or inventory. Very short does not appear to mention family relationships. Relates to a Thomas Plant alias Harding of Swynnerton in Staffordshire.
1697 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Sentence of Jana Phillips alias Plant of Saint Margaret Westminster, Middlesex. 13 Nov. 1697.
* Will of Jane Plant, wife of Saint Margaret Westminster, Middlesex. 15 Nov. 1697.
* Will of John Plant, mariner (gunner's mate) belonging to Mary of Rotherhithe, Surrey. 20 July 1697.
1696 wills, probate at Lichfield (ED)
* Probate of Thomas Plant of Mill Street, Leek (Staffordshire), husbandman. Inventory and Probate proved 1696. No will. Partially in Latin but most readable. Does not mention any Plant family relations.
* Will made in 1696 John Plant of Stonycliffe in the parish of Leek (Staffordshire), husbandman proved 1696. Names Richard Plant 'son of by brother Thomas' Ann Cleaton wife of Ralph Cleaton, Richard Plant, Elizabeth Plant, John Plant, Dorothy Plant, William Plant sons and daughters of my brother Richard, brother Richard, brother William, my nephew john Plant son of my brother Robert, Sarah Plant daughter of my brother Robert, William Plant junior my nephew is name executor.
1695 will, probate at Lichfield (ED)
* Will of William Plant, yeoman of Leek Frith Staffordshire. Will made in 1695 by William Plant of Bottom of Ye Frith [Leek Frith] in the parish of Leek proved 1695. He names his own brothers as Thomas Plant, Joseph Plant, Matthew Plant, Richard Plant. He names a nephew John who he says is the eldest son of his brother Richard Plant. He also names a nephew William Plant who he describes as the 2nd son of his brother Richard Plant. He names a sister Alice Heaton and her daughter Mary Heaton. He names a sister Sarah and her son Matthew Tomkisson. He names a nephew Samuel Gindly, a sister Dorothy (no surname recorded) and her daughter Sarah. He names his brother in law as Thomas Wood and his sister as Jane Wood.
1693 will, probate at Lichfield (ED)
* Will of Edward Plant of Heaton in Leek parish, Staffordshire. Inventory and probate of Edward Plant dated 1693. Edward is of Heaton, Staffordshire. Probate was granted to Anne Plant of Leek. [I can't be sure if her relationship to Edward is outlined or not in the document].
1692 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Lawrence Plant, husbandman of White House, Hartington Derbyshire.
1692 executors of a Buckinghamshire will transcribed
here
* Will of Daniel Hooton of Ravenstone, Buckinghamshire mentions Edwd Plant the younger living at Skifton in county Northamptonshire, signed by Ed Plant Senr, Thomas Plant and the marke of Thomas Trulove.
1692 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Willim Plant of Swann Wigton, Leicestershire.
1691 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, widow of London. 8 Aug 1691.
1690 will, Lancashire (WKP)
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Bury (Lancashire).
1690 wills, probate at Chester
* Will and inventory of Mary Plant, widow of Winkersley.
* Will and inventory of Edward Plant, yeoman of Butley (east Cheshire).
1690 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of William Plant of Forest Hill, Oxfordshire.
1688 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Samuel Plant, husbandman of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Mapleton Derbyshire.
1689 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Martha Plant, widow of Upavon, Wiltshire.
1688 will, of Surrey and south London
* Mention of Elizabeth Plant in will of John Simms.
1686 will, probate at Chester
* Will and inventory of John Plant, husbandman of Gawsworth (Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire).
1685 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richard Plant of Great Longstone Derbyshire.
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, widow of Leek Stafordshire.
1685 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Richard Plant, butcher of Peterborough, Northamptonshire. 3 Oct 1685.
1685 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of of John (or Joannis) Plant (also John Plant jnr) of Congerstone (or Corgeston), Leicestershire.
1684 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant, shepherd of Chadlington, Oxfordshire.
1683 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Samuel Plant, husbandman of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Walter Plant of Alstonefield Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Chelmorton, Bakewell Derbyshire.
1683 will, probate at Chester
* Will and inventory of Richard Plant, yeoman of Winkersley.
1682 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Margaret Plant, widow of Leek Staffordshire.
1681 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant, innkeeper of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, cordwainer of Stone Staffordshire.
1681 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of George Plant, husbandman of Forrest Hill, Oxfordshire.
1680 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Samuel Plant, yeoman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1679 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Robert Plant, husbandman of Leek Staffordshire.
1680 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, miner of Great Longstone Derbyshire.
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Mucklestone Shropshire.
1679 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant, chapman of Banbury, Oxfordshire, 15 Feb 1679.
1677 will, probate at Chester
* Will and inventory of John Plant, yeoman of Bosley.
1677 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant. yeoman of Leekfrith, Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Matthias Plant, blacksmith of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1676 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant of Leekfrith, Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Stephen Plant, yeoman of Stone Staffordshire.
* Will of James Plant, cordwainer of Newcastle under Lyme Staffordshire.

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1675-1651

22 records, 16 for males.

1674 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of George Plant, yeoman of Newton, Gresley Derbyshire.
1674 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Philipp Plant, chirurgeon (surgeon) at present belonging to His Majesty's Ship Mightingale of London.
1673 inventory at Chester
* Inventory of Ann Plant, widow of Gawsworth.
1671 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, husbandman of Witchurch Shropshire.
* Will of Joan Plant, widow of Leek Staffordshire.
1671 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant, Gentleman of Prestwich, Lancashire, 13 Jan 1671.
1670 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, yeoman of Leek Staffordshire.
1667 Doctor of Divinity by diploma (WKP)
* Awardee Francis Plant. D.D. by diploma, 5 July 1667, pastor of the church at Breda (Netherlands) and hebrew professor in the Aurangian college there.
1666 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, weaver of Leek Staffordshire.
1665 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Leek Staffordshire.
1664 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Jane Plant, spinster of Atlow, Bradbourne Derbyshire.
1664 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Katherine Plant of Lockington, Leicestershire.
1663 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Joan Plant, widow of Chippenham, Wiltshire.
1662 Atendees at Oxford and Cambridge Universities (WKP)
* Attendee Robert Plant, son of John of Toddenham, Co. Gloucester, pleb. Goucester Hall, Oxford, matric 3 Dec. 1662, aged 16.
* Attendee John Plant, Adm sizar (age 18) at Christs, Cambridge, 25 May 1662. Son of George, born at Gresley, Derbyshire. School Repton matric 1662, BA 1665, MA 1669, Ordained deacon Lichfield (Staffordshire), March 1665-6, priest Feb. 1666-7.
1662 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of William Plant of Lockington, Leicestershire.
1662 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of John Plant (Senior), glover of Chippenham, Wiltshire.
1661 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Joan Plant, widow of Alstonefield Staffordshire.
1659 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant of Redgearth, Staffordshire (?Redearth in Leek parish), 20 May 1659.
* Will of Osmund Plant, yeoman of Stalbridge, Dorset, 13 Feb 1659.
1654 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plante or Plant, mill engine man of Radcliffe upon Soare, Nottinghamshire, 30 May 1654.
1653 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant of Banbury, Oxfordshire, 29 June 1653.

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1650-1626

22 records, 20 for males.

1650 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of George Plant, yeoman of Winthorpe, Lincolnshire, 6 Nov 1650.
1649 will and inventory, probate at Chester
* Will and inventory of Justice Plant, husbandman of Henbury (east Cheshire).
1647 wills, probate at Chester (WKP)
* Will and inventory of Randle Plant, husbandman of Gawsworth (Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire).
* Will, admon and inventory of Edward Plant, husbandman of Siddington (east Cheshire)
1645 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant, servant to His Excellency the Earl of Essex, 24 March 1645 (3rd earl, 8th creation).
1641 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Saint Leonard Eastcheap, city of London, 17 March 1641.
1640 will(s), probate at Lichfield
* Will of William Plant of Leek (Staffordshire) - possibly a WKP duplicate of record below.
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Heaton, Leek Staffordshire.
1639 inventory at Chester
* Inventory of Lawrence Plant of Wincle (Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire).
1638 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Henry Plant senior, yeoman of Newton, Gresley Derbyshire.
1638 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Johis Plant (or John Plante) of Swannington, Leicestershire.
1637 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant of Readearth, Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Margaret Plant, widow of Readearth, Leek Staffordshire.
Will of William Plant, husbandman of Swadlingcote, Gresley Derbyshire.
1636 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Martin Plant, merchant of London, 18 Nov 1636.
1634 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Lawrence Plant of Rudyard, Leek Staffordshire.
1633 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Alstonefield Staffordshire.
1633 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Matthew Plant, husbandman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1628 wills, probate at Lichfield (WKP)
* Will of William Plant of Stone (Staffordshire).
* Will of John Plant of Sheriff Hales (Shropshire).
1626 will and inventory at Chester
* Will and inventory of James Plant, husbandman of Sutton (east Cheshire).
1626 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Ellen Plant of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1626 Attendee at Oxford University (WKP)
* Attendee Matthew Plant, son of Thomas of Dichford, Co. Worcestershire, pleb, Hart Hall, Oxford, matric 24 Nov. 1626 aged 17.

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1625-1601

19 records, 18 for males.

1625 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Anthony Plant. yeoman of Morton Pinckney, Northamptonshire, 9 Feb 1625.
1625 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Agnes Plant of Chippenham, Wiltshire.
1623 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Johannis (or John) Plant of Leek Staffordshire.
1621 wills, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Shackerston or Shaxton, Leicestershire.
* Will of Johes Plant of Sparkeston, Leicestershire.
1620 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Nicholas Plant, yeoman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire, 9 Nov 1620.
1620 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Shakerston or Shaxton, Leicestershire.
1620 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Richard Plant, husbandman of Forrest Hill, Oxfordshire.
1619 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richard (or Richardi or Richd) Plant of Alstonfield Staffordshire.
1616 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas (or Thome or Thos) Plante of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1616 Attendee at Cambridge University (WKP)
* Attendee William Plant, matric sizar from Queens Cambridge, Easter 1661, of Derbyshire. Perhaps vicar of Lockington Leicestershire 1647-62, Died June 4 1662, MI at Lockington, Will (Leicester) 1662.
1614 Atendee ot Oxford University (WKP)
* Attendee Edward Plante, subscribed 4.11.1614, BA from Wadham College 8th May 1618. MA 25th June, 1621, Rector of Kiddlington (5 miles north of Oxford).
1616 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thomas (or Thome or Thos) Plante of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1614 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William (or Willmi or Wm) Plant of Alstonfield Staffordshire.
1611 Inventory at Chester
* Inventory of William Plant of Chester (west Cheshire).
1609 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Edward (or Edwd) Plont of Alstonfield Staffordshire.
1605 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Humphey (or Humfridi) Plant (or Plante) of Stone Staffordshire.
1604 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William Plants of Kingsley Staffordshire.
1602 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Johanis (or John) Plante of Fletchamsted Warwickshire.

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1600-1576

22 records, 19 for males.

1600 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Osmund Plant of Rushall, Wiltshire.
1599 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William (or Willimi or Wm) Plante of Leek Staffordshire.
1599 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plaunt of Colventon, Leicestershire.
1598 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Johannis (or John) Plant of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1596 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richd Plant of Leek Staffordshire.
1595 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Margarete (or Margt) Plant (or Plantt) of Drayton in Hales Shropshire.
1595 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Elizabeth Plante, widow of Blockley, peculiar of Worcestershire, now in Gloucestershire.
1594 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1591 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Christoferi (or Christopher) Plante of Leek Staffordshire.
1588 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Lawrence Plant (or Plante) of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Laurenti Plante of Alveley Shropshire.
1587 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Reginald (or Regnaldi or Renold) Plante of Leek Staffordshire.
1586 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Humfrey (or Humfri) Plant (or Plante) of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1585 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Robt (or Robti) Plant of Leek Staffordshire.
1583 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Robert (or Robt) Plante (or Plont) of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Thos Plant of Stoke on Trent Staffordshire.
* Will of Roberti Plant of Alveley Shropshire.
* Will of Thome Plant of Alveley Shropshire.
* Will of William Plant of Alveley Shropshire.
* Will of Alice Plont of Grendon Warwickshire.
1576 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William (or Wm) Plant (or Plante) of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Thos Plant of Stoke on Trent Staffordshire.

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1575-1551

17 records, 16 for males.

1568 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richard Plant (or Plantt) of Stone Staffordshire.
* Will of Richard (or Rici) Plant of Alveley Shropshire.
* Will of Richd Plont of Edgmond Shropshire.
1567 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richard (or Richd) Plant (or Plont) of Leek Staffordshire.
1566 wills, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plante Coleorton, Leicestershire.
* Will of John Plant Wheeverton, Leicestershire.
1561 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Jacobi (or James) Plant of Waterfall (Leek parish) Staffordshire.
1560 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Willi (or Wm) Plant of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of George (or Georgy) Plant of Tamworth Staffordshire.
1558 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant (or Plante) of Tamworth Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas (or Thos) Plant of Gresley Derbyshire.
* Will of Thom Plant of Alveley Shropshire.
1557 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richard (or Ric or Richd) Plant (or Plont) of Waterfall (Leek parish) Staffordshire.
1556 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Helen (or Helene) Plant (or Plont) of Leek Staffordshire.
1555 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of William (or Willm or Wm) Plant of Stone Staffordshire.
1553 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Richd (or Ric) Plant of Alstonfield Staffordshire.
1552 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant (or Plont) of Stone Staffordshire.

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1550-1526

15 records, 13 for males.

1550 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Thome (or Thos) Plante of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant of Alstonfield Staffordshire.
* Will of Henrie (or Henry) Plant (or Plante) of Stoke on Trent Staffordshire.
* Will of Henry Plant of Newcastle under Lyme Staffordshire.
* Will of William (or Willm or Wm) Plante of Milwich Staffordshire.
1545 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Hugh (or Hugonis) Plant (or Plante) of Wirksworth Derbyshire.
1540 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Roger Plant of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Nicholas Plont of Stone Staffordshire.
* Will of Nicholas Plant of Darlaston Staffordshire.
1539 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Rog Plant of Leek Staffordshire.
1537 wills, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plant (or Plante) of Leek Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plante of Ashbourne Derbyshire.
1533 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of John Plonnt of Leek Staffordshire.
1532 will, probate at Lichfield
* Will of Alice (or Alicie) Plaunt (or Plantt) of Stone Staffordshire.
1527 will, probate at Lichfield (WKP)
* Will of Alice Plant, widow of Stone in Staffordshire.

Pre 1525

1452 Probably scholar at Oxford (WKP)
* Monk, Cistercian, Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, was granted papal dispensation to hold a benefice with cure of souls, 21 Oct 1465.

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