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Some early Plant documents

The following is a haphazard collection of copies of some documents for the Plant name. Some particular attention has been given to the main homeland of the main Plant family (as indicated in a 1360 item below) though other Plant documents, found mostly for England, are also included (not necessarily belonging to the same Plant family).

Contents
Documents dated:
    
before 1300 - 1301-1400 - 1401-1450 - 1451-1500 - 1501-1550 - 1551-1600 - after 1600

Plant mentions in the Victoria County History series (OUP)

Documents for the Plant name are included below. A fuller list of early Plant records (1180-1450), without copies of the documents, is given elsewhere on this website. Also elsewhere, some 16th- to early 19th-century Plant wills are listed and described.

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Some general notes

Note on the earliest documents. In a fuller list of thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Plant records, which is given elsewhere on this website, there are for example several Plants spread around England. These mainly predate the times of the Poll Tax returns, which however are often considered to be the standard source for the medieval population. Earlier sources are thought to represent less well the poorer classes especially [see for example H Parkin (2015) The Fourteenth-Century Poll Tax Returns and the Study of English Surname Distribution, Historical Methods, Vol.48(1), esp. page 2]. The Poll Tax returns are of little help for Plant however, since they record only four with this name (1377, 1379, 1381 twice) and these are in places of doubtful consequence for the surviving Plant population. The relatively small contribution of the Poll Tax records, for the Plants, is no doubt at least partly because the survivng records are estimated to cover only 60% of the medieval population with, in particular, no return for Cheshire. Along with the northernmost tip of Staffordshire, east Cheshire is the earliest well-acredited homeland of the main Plant family. This knowledge is due in no small part to particularly useful records in the Macclesfield Court Rolls, from which it is known that there were at least 7 differently named Plants in Macclesfield Hundred of east Cheshire in the 1370s; these appear in 35 records in this decade mainly just prior to the Poll Tax. From the earliest preserved records in these Rolls, the Plant name continues in this location hereon down the centuries.

The donation of further copies of early Plant documents would be appreciated. For example, full transcriptions and translations of the following Common Pleas records are available for purchase from palaeograph@gmail.com

Note that (CP) indicates that the document is listed in this index of Plant entries in Common Pleas 1381-1554.
Locations (omitting Plente and Plynt)
Lincolnshire: 1381, 1418, 1437, 1453
Hertfordshire (butcher of Ware): 1418, 1422, 1422, 1430
Cheshire man in Leicestershire: 1453 (full translation given below)
Buckinghamshire: 1455
Oxfordshire (Wode Eton, presumably Wood Eaton): 1463
Staffordshire: 1472, 1477, 1505, 1510, 1519, 1521, 1523, 1524, 1535
Coventry: 1490, 1508
Leicestershire: 1512, 1514, 1528, 1529, 1530 (full 1512 and 1514 translations given below)
Derbyshire: 1523, 1554, 1554
Wiltshire: 1527
London: 1528, 1528 1529, 1529

Some of the following documents have been purchased from The Original Record.

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Some Plant documents in chronological order

Before 1300

1180 Coutances, Normandy, France
Durand Plante fined for duelling (Exchequer of Normandy under the English kings).
Historical context. Also in western Normandy, Coutances included Lingreville which is around 15 miles north of Avranches where, outside its Cathedral, Henry II had done public penance in 1172 for the murder of Thomas Becket (see also above document for closer details of the geographical and historical context).
Linked feudal lordships over the Plant name. Of the three castles in the Avranchin, the one at Pontorson was given outright to king Henry's illegitimate son William Longspée (ca.1176-1226) as senschall in 1203. The other two were the castles of Avranches and St James de Beuvron which were herditary possessions of the earls of Chester – the sixth earl, Ranulph Blundeville, also became 1st Earl of Lincoln in 1217. The High Sheriffs of Staffordshire and Shropshire were this Ranulph Blundeville in 1216-22, the aforesaid William Longspée in 1223 and Henry de Audley in 1227 and 1229 with the Audley estates, in particular, being locations for Plant wills for example still by the 16th-century.
ca.1180 Dorset, England and Normandy, France
William Plantepeluda, witness of Charter for land near Lodres Priory, Dorset archived at Montebourg Abbey, Coutances [Calendar of Documents Preserved in France 918-1206, ed. J Horace Round – London, 1899].
Meaning. Plantapeluda evidently has same meaning as Plantapilosa and hence evidently connects to the meaning of Plantegenest.
Montebourg. This is near the east coast of the Cotentin, around 15 miles south of Barfleur, as described in the text and map of the previous document for Durand Plante.
1198 Orne, Normandy, France
Rad de Planteiz, evidently from le Plantis also in Orne, and footnote for Ralph Plantul there in the reign of Richard I (1189-99) (Exchequer of Normandy under the English kings).
1202 France
Emeri' de la Planta, also Emici de Plant', was dispossessed of lands in Chinon and Loud[un] (France). Normandy Rolls.
Historical context. This was immediately after the nearby Battle of Mirebeau, 1st August 1202, which was a short-lasting vistory for John, king of England in his attempts to hold on to land near his ancestral homeland of Anjou.
1279 Lincolnshire, England
Alan son of Hugh Plante against John son of John Plante, touching land in Burgh, Lincolnshire. Patent Rolls transcribed by Deputy Keeper of PRO.
Historical context. Lady Margaret de Lacy held lands in Burgh in reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Burgh is 12 miles from Bolingbroke Castle which was built 1220-30 by Ranulph de Bludeville Earl of Chester and Lincoln. On Randulph's death, 1232, the castle passed to his niece's husband, John de Lacy, hereditary constable of Chester, who also in 1232 became Earl of Lincoln. On his death in 1240, the castle became the property of his daughter Alice and her husband, Earl Thomas of Lancaster, who was executed in 1322. Once Alice died in 1348, Bolingbroke became the property of her first husband's brother, Earl Henry of Lancaster, whose daughter Blanche married the famous John of Gaunt in 1359, who thus joined the Lancastrian family, becoming 1st Duke of Lancaster.
ca.1280-1305 Bath, Somerset, England
Robert Plonte, of Saltforde, once bailiff of Marsfelde. Ancient Deeds of Bath, Bundle No. 4.

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1301-1400

1332 Avignon, France
Francis Plantule at the Roman Court, funds collected in England. Clergy, the religious and the faithful in Britain and Ireland (1305-1342).
1350 France to England
Henry Plante of Risole, priest of London. Clergy, the religious and the faithful in Britain and Ireland.
Historical context. Risole is evidently Risoul in the French Alps. This was during the times of the Popes' residence at Avignon in France.
1352 Norfolk, England
James Plant and others, carrying away goods from ex-Warenne lands (complaint of the Lancastrian earl of Stafford). Patent Rolls, see item in Membrane 30d, Jan 28.
Note. Amongst the 26 surnames or by-names, for this group of 31 people, 7 were found soon after also in Macclesfield hundred in the main Plant homeland: Plont, Halle, Kent, Knyght, Lovell, Nichol, and Batiller (or Bataille).
Historical context. Following the death of the last Earl Warren in 1347, his lands were gradually taken over by the Lancastrians. The remnants of the Warren family removed their seat to Poynton in east Cheshire and the Audley nobility, with a marital link to the earl of Stafford, were further to the south in north Staffordshire in the main Plant homeland.
1360 Main homeland, England
First known records of Plants in their main subsequent homeland, Macclesfield Court Rolls, east Cheshire.
Note on source documentation. There is relatively little by way of suitable documentation before 1360 though the substantional number of Plants here starting from the 1360s suggests that they might have been here earlier.
1381 Lincolnshire
William Plante, son of Allan, sued John Emson of Burgh for debt. (CP)
1381 Main homeland
Thomas Plonte, was charged by the widowed Almarica with aiding and abetting nine murderous felons (also involving the Abbot of Dieulacres, evidently charged as exceeding his right of gallows) in a case concerning the beheading Almarica's husband at Leek in the main Plant homeland (Staffordshire Historical Collection). See also here.
1394 Lincoln
John Plaint, witness to proof of age of Sir Thomas Swynford, Lancastrian son of John of Gaunt's mistress, Catherine Swynford.
Note. John Plaint is here recorded as servant, in Feb 1373, to Thomas de Sutton, godfather of Sir Thomas Swynford - though Sutton was an important family name in the main Plant homeland, it is also a common place name. See also 1279 item above.
1397 Main homeland
John and Richard Plont, sued for trespass with cattle at Quarnford in main Plant homeland (Staffordshire Historical Collection).

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1401-1450

1401 and 1403 South Staffordshire
John Plonte the Younger 1401 (item 76) and John Plonte 1403 (item 79) witnesses at Wombourne (Staffordshire Historical Collection).
Note 1. Both these items, for one or two Johns, refer to Overton. In the book A Topographical History of Staffordshire: Including Its Agriculture, Mines ...By William Pitt (1817), on p. 187, Richard E Plant found Overton or Orton, a hamlet in Wombourne parish, contains two three good farm-houses and other tenements.
Note 2. See also 1462 item below.
1415 Hérault, S France
Guillaume De La Plante, marriage contract at Ganges (see also 1471 an 1473 items below)
[Ganges is 30 miles north of Montpellier and Mediterrainean coast]
1418 Lincolnshire
John Plante sued draper Thomas Chapman of Stikford for trespass on Close. (CP)
1418, 1422, 1430 Hertfordshire
butcher John Plante of Ware and others sued for debt: 1418 in Essex by Thomas Scull of Maldon; 1422 in Huntingdonshire by John Erethe; 1422 in Middlesex by William Hulles prior of the Hospital of St John Jerusalem in England; 1430 in Huntingdonshire by Abbot of Thorney. (CP)
1437 Lincolnshire
John Plant, husbandman of Orby and others sued for debt. (CP)
1437 Main homeland
Richard Plant of Stonycliffe. Leave from Abbot of Dieulacres (near Staffordshire-Cheshire border) to make an enclosure near a place called Lymgrene. In Calendar of Charters and Rolls preserved in the Bodleian Library': Staffordshire, Ch 186. Summary by W H Turner, 1878
1441 Portsmouth to France
John Plante, archer, expeditionary force to France under captain John Vere, earl of Oxford [TNA E/101/54/9].
Historical context. Henry VI turned to Richard, 3rd Duke of York again in 1440, after peace negotiations with France failed, and Richard was reappointed Lieutenant of France on 2 July.
1441 Angoulême, W France
Richard Planté bought hotel in the parish of Génac (see also 1473 item below)
[Génac is 145 miles south of capital of Anjou and 17 miles north of Angoulême] (Source:gallica.gallica.bnf.fr/BnF)
Historical context. This was at a time when John, Count of Angoulême was a captive of the English 1412-44.
1441-43 Norman alien at Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
William Plantes, Goldsmith, Norman alien at Salisbury, with possible association with ?Plentlowe (cf. Pentolowe, Essex in 1381 record for Walter Plante, family servant).
1442 Lincolnshire, England
John atte Halle otherwise Plant (of Burgh), witness to two deeds: 13 April and 7 May (Acknowledged 8 May). Close Rolls.
Location. See also Plants at Burgh in 1279 item above. In both cases, John is mentioned along with Robert Masyngberg - Thomas Massingberd had inherited Bernake Hall, just SW of Burgh, through marriage in 1434 to a granddaughter of Sir Hugh Bernak.
1445 Main homeland
John Plant junior in list of 98 notables of Macclesfield Hundred.
Historical context. This date coincides with the marriage of Margaret of Anjou to Henry VI of England, with a clandestine agreement that the lands of Anjou and Maine would pass from the English to to her uncle king Charles VII of France (cf. 1202 item above).
Other records for John Plant jnr. The text and footnote 10 of a Nomina 28 paper [JSP, 2005] tentatively associates this listed John Plant junior with other documents for a John Plant jnr in Macclesfield Hundred. This derives from some 1982 searches for document records involving Prof Ann Curry and W Keith Plant.
Note on the Fittons. The same 1445 east Cheshire list mentions Laurence Fitton, knight and the next such list for this Hundred is much later, in 1579. This later list mentions Sir Edward Fitton of Gawsworth who is apparently he (1529-1579) who served as Lord President of Connaught and Thormond and Vice-Treasurer of Ireland.
Another link to Ireland. The ca.1472-84 documents below feature Sir John Plant of Dublin.
1446 Gard, SE France
Jean [John] Plant, witness at Calvisson, Gard, France
[30 miles east of Ganges, Hérault in 1415 item above]

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1451-1500

1453 Lincolnshire
John Plante, husbandman of Burgh in le Merch [in the Marsh] and others sued for debt. (CP)
1453 Main homeland link to Leicestershire
Edmund Plant of Hurdesfeld (between Macclesfield and Rainow), drover, debt to Thomas Palmer, Leicestershire. (CP)
Note. In 1427, Thomas Palmer (d 1474) had reunited the estate of Mebourne and Holt which is just 5 miles east of Tur Langton and under 3 miles south of Hallaton – locations in the 1537 Leicestershire item below. This link of a drover from the main Plant homeland to this area near Tur Langton in 1453 predates the first Battle of St Albans in 1455 and the pitched Battle of Blore Heath near the main Plant homeland in 1459, representing the start of full scale fighting in the Wars of the Roses.
1455 Hertfordshire
Richard Plant, fuller of Edelsburgh, Buckinghamshire and others sued for debt. (CP)
Note. This is about 10 miles from Woburn (see 1465 below).
1462 South Staffordshire
John Ploute (item 16) granted 4 butts of land at in Orton, by John Dudley (armiger) (Staffordshire Historical Collection).
Note. See also 1401 and 1403 item above, for one or two others called John Plonte, which refer to Overton (Orton) in Wombourne parish. Ploute in this 1462 record is almost certainly a mistranscription of Plonte.
1463 Oxfordshire
Henry Plante, husbandman of Wode Eton [Woodeaton], Oxfordshire and others sued for debt. (CP)
1465 Woburn Abbey, Diocese of Lincoln, England
John Plant, Cistercian monk of Woburn, rights to receive and retain benefice. Clergy, the religious and the faithful in Britain and Ireland.
Note. Oxford scholar (1452-65).
1467-8 Canterbury, Kent
John Plant, mercer, Worgate (traders in Canterbury 1392-1592)
1471 and 1472 Main homeland
1471 Thomas Plant of Derliston, husbandman, and others including a Fitton gentleman of Gawswirth Hall (sic), are sued for taking livestock by force. (Staffordshire Historical Collection).
1472 Similar (but not identical) list including Thomas Plant, husbandman of Derliston and Edward Fyton, gent of Ganesworth (sic), Cheshire sued by Robert Bughley for trespass and taking. (CP)
Note on location. Darlaston was a village, then at the far south of Staffordshire, though now in the West Midlands conurbation between Wolverhampton and Birmingham. As well as the 1479 document below, there is a later record of a Plant family at Darlaston, in a 1532-3 list of Staffordshire families (see list and the link to a corresponding map). However, a later 1613 document (below) refers to property at Meyford, Stone and Darlaston - there is now a Darlaston Inn near Meaford and Stone, which are between Stoke and Trent and Stafford, and this highlights confusion concerning the references to Darlaston.
Historical context. This 1471 legal case could have related to the 1469-71 Lancastrian rebellion in as much as the accused Plant is mentioned along with a gentleman Fitton of Gawsworth (see also 1445 document above) who might have been partisan (see also 1479 item below).
1471 and 1473 Hérault, S France
marriage contracts near Ganges of André De La Plante (1471) and of Pétronille de Plante to a noble (1473) (see also 1415 item above)
[Ganges is 30 miles north of Montpellier and the Mediterrainean coast]
1473 Angoulême, W France
Inherited properties by William Plante from Richard Planté (sic) and ? Potine, properties in Génac (see also 1441 item above)
1477 Main Homeland
Thomas Plante, yeoman of Teseworth [Tittesworth in Leek parish] and others sued for trespass. (CP)
1479 Main homeland
husbandman Thomas Plante, late of Darlaston, along with others including a knight and two gentlemen of the Fitton family of Gawsworth are sued, partly on behalf of the Yorkist king, for trespass.
Historical context. George of Clarence (the only uncrowned one surviving after 1460 of the sons of York) had been involved in the 1469-71 Lancastrian rebellion, was forgiven, but was tried for treason by Edward IV in person and executed on 18 Feb 1478.
ca.1479-84 Dublin, Ireland
Sir John Plant appears as
Document A: John Plant prebendary of Houthe, freeman of Dublin by special grace, fourth Friday after 24 June 1479;
Document B: chaplain, seneschall of household, beneficiary and executor of the will of the Archbishop John of Dublin, primate of Ireland; and,
Document C: prebendary of Howth (village near Dublin) in the excommunication of John Scot.
A is in Freemen of Dublin (1479) and B and C are in Dublin diocese testators and legatees.
Dating of Documents. The ordering of the documents B and C places them ca.1468. However, Document B concerns the will of Archbishop John of Dublin, who can only be John Walton (bishop of Osney in Oxford in 1452), appointed Archbishop of Dublin on 4 May 1472, resigned blind and in ill health 14 June 1484 (died ca.1490). Documents A and C place Sir John Plant on the outskirts of Dublin, though Document A suggests that he was an Englishman, perhaps arriving in 1479.
Secular primates. The secular Primate of Ireland (or Lord Lieutenant of Ireland) from 1447-60 was Richard, Duke of York, who was reputedly the first royal to adopt Plantagenet as a family name. His son George, Duke of Clarence was born in Dublin Castle in 1449 and, albeit mainly a nominal position, was the Primate through 1462-78. This was followed by a succession of Yorkists: John de a Pole in 1478; the young Richard of Shrewsbury, one of the two princes in the tower, 1478-83; Edward of Middleham, d. 9 April 1484, only son of Richard III; John de la Pole 1484-85, nephew of Edward IV and Richard III and also eldest son of the 1478 Primate; he was the de facto heir to the throne under Richard III.
Resignation of Archbishop John. Though only of arguable relevance, the resignation of Archbishop John is a little over a month after the appointment of John de la Pole as the secular Primate. Archbishop John was replaced by Walter Fitzsimon who made the mistake of attending the coronation in Dublin of the pretender Lambert Simmel to the English throne though, after the decisive Tudor victory at the 1487 battle of Stoke (Nottinghamshire), Walter was pardoned by the Lancastrian Tudors and became one of their staunch supporters.
1483 Coventry
John Hony 'purser' of Coventry, gift of all his goods and chattels to Thomas Maydford of London, Thomas Ryggeley of Lichfield, and Thomas Plant of Coventry, 'gentilmen'. Dated 25 May, 1 Ed V. Close Rolls.
1490 Coventry
Thomas Plant sues others (at Meryden and Assheby) for debt. (CP)

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1501-1550

1504 Main Homeland (near Leek)
Sale of a tent etc (sic) 'lefull and laful to stresse and strayne' by Lawrence Plont of the Reede-yerth; John Plant, weaver, occupied house at Red Earth by 1666
Note: By the later 16th century there were two houses at Redearth, of which only one survives. Rebuilt in the 17th century, that house has a third storey with windows evidently inserted to provide light for weaving; in 1666 the house was occupied by a weaver, John Plant. [British History On Line, VCH Stafs and the Moorlands, Leek: Leekfrith]
1505 Leicester
Benevolence record for Tho. Plaunt in (7th ward) street from hye crosse to Pexsall corner (inhabitants of Leicester 1327-1509)
1505 Main Homeland (Staffordshire)
John Hassal sues Roger Plont, husbandman of Weston for debt.
1508 Coventry
Richard Plante and his wife Joan sue John Archerd of Coventry for debt. (CP)
1510 Main homeland
Thomas Plant late of Coton, Staffordshire (also mentions the Wedgwood family).
Note on location. This is probaby the Coton just 1 mile west from Gnosall and 3 miles east of Forton. This 1510 document also mentions Forton. However, a 1523 document below mentions Coton, Milwich and Milwich is about 15 miles to the north east at the other side of Stafford town. There are Staffordshire Plant families not far distant in 1532-3 (see list and the link to a corresponding map).
1512 Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield
Robert Plant and Richard Plant ordained as secular acolytes in Lichfield Cathedral on Ember Saturday, 2 June 1512.
Notes. Though celibate, most secular acolytes did not obtain benefices and most would no doubt have married later in life. The diocese of Lichfield at that time included the whole of Cheshire, Staffordshire and Derbyshire; all Lancashire south of the Ribble; northern Shropshire (including Shrewsbury); and northern Warwickshire (including Birmingham and Coventry).
Identity. Given the large size of the diocese there are several possibilities for this Robert and Richard. To mention just one, there is a Robert and Richard Plant in the family 'Leek Frith (2)' in the 1532-3 list of Staffordshire families; this family is on Dieulacres land and this Robert and Richard could have received their acolyte training as boys at Dieulacres abbey before its dissolution in 1538-39.
1512 and 1514 Leicestershire
William Plant of Leicestershire sues for debts at Merston Curli in Warwickshire (1512) and at Gretton in Northamptonshire (1514). (CP)
Note. There are Plant marriages near to Merston Culi in Warwickshire at Barford (1547) and Wootton Wawen (1560). Gretton is less than 10 miles east of Hallaton mentioned in the 1537 Leicestershire item below.
1512 and 1515 SW France
Bernard Planté, priest of Aignan and supplier of wine.
1519 Main Homeland
Ralph Plont, husbandman of Coton and another sued for debt. (CP)
Note. Coton also in 1510 item above.
1521 Main Homeland
Lawrence Plant, yeoman of [Leek] Frith and others sued by the Abbot of Dieulacres Abbey for trespass. (CP)
1523 Debyshire
John Plant, husbandman of Feny Bently and others, sued for trespass. (CP)
Note. Feny Bently is about 3 miles north of Ashbourne.
1523 Main Homeland
Thomas and John Plante, husbandmen of Coton, Milwyche and others, execution of their debts. (CP)
Note. Coton is also mentioned in the 1510 and 1519 documents above with some discussion in 1510 of its location.
1524 Main Homeland
Reginald and Lawrence Plant, yeomen of Leek Frith sued for debt. (CP)
1527 Wiltshire
Robert Plante sues others at Foxhill and Bremhill for debt. (CP)
Note. There are several early records from 1280 to 1386 for the Plont name at Bath, which is less than 20 miles from Bremhill. Also, there are possible confusions between Plante and Plente (Plenty) in this region.
1528, 1529 London
Robert Plante and Margaret his wife, formerly singlewoman Margaret Sakvyle of London sue others for debt: (CP)
 1528a Robert Sakvyle gent of Risley, Bedfordshire;
 1528b Walter Shalley, husbandman of Riseley;
 1529a Robert Sakvyle, husbandman of Riseley (execution of debt);
 1529b Walter Shalley husbandman and Robert Sakvyle gent, both of Riseley.
1528, 1529 and 1530 Leicestershire
William Plante, administrators of William and Katherine Aston, sue executors of William and Margaret Joly of Leicester, for debt. (CP)
1535 Staffordshire (Tamworth)
John Plontt, husbandman of Comberford and others of Horton and Smallrice, Sandon sued for debt. (CP)
Note. Horton is in the main Plant homeland of North Staffordshire and Smallrice and Sandon are near Stone about 15 miles to the south. Further flung however, Comberford is just 2 miles NW of Tamworth which is 30 miles SSE of Stone and under 20 miles E of Great Saredon.
1537 Leicestershire
Simon Plant, recently deceased bailiff of three royal manors: Haullonghton, Laughton and Ernesby (Grants of 29 Henry VIII).
Semantic note. A bailiff was a manager, overseer or custodian; a legal officer to whom some degree of authority or jurisdiction is given, such as responsibility for executing the decisions of a court. The duty of the bailiff could thus include serving summonses and orders, and executing all warrants issued out of the corresponding court.
Historical note. Following a degree of mental incapacity, these manors of William Viscount Beaumont were held in care by his former Lancastrian comrade-in-arms John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, between 1487 and 1507, whereafter they passed into the king's hands with a bailiff who, from some date, was this Simon Plant. Perhaps also of some relevance is that John Plante, mentioned in the 1441 item above, was in the expeditionary force to France of John de Vere; subsequently in 1462, the 12th Earl and his eldest son Aubrey were beheaded with the earldom passing to his second son the 13th Earl, John de Vere.
Genetic note. Arnesby, Hallaton and Laughton are all around 5 or so miles, in different directions, from Tur Langton in SE Leicestershire where the earliest known ancestor of some Plants in Branch D of the main family are found much later in 1716.
1537 London
Robert Plant, skinner (London Liverymen, 1537)
1545 Main homeland
William Plant of Keele, seizure of his cattle (mentions the Sneyd family, owners of Keele Hall, subsequent site of Keele University). Star Chamber Depositions.
1546 Main homeland
William Plonte of Frithe, Staffs. Tenement and fourth part of a mill there within Leke Lordship. Delacres. 10 March.
Acknowledgement in Henry VIII: Aug 1546 Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Vol 21, Part 1, p 785 (Gairdner and Brodie, London, 1908).

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1551-1600

1554 Derbyshire
Two documents, both for Richard Plante, clerk and executor of John Flackett gent suing others at Ashbourne and nearby Mappleton for debt. (CP)
1559 Main homeland
James Plant of Northrode, Katherine and William Plant(e) of Gawsworth Cheshire.
[Additional information from David Bethell, Oct 2018]. In the following May, a further document [Common Pleas Trinity 1 Elizabeth, Public Record Office CP 40/1181 m. 81, 22 May 1559] indicates:
James Plant yoman, by Morgan Grymston his attorney, sues John Newton late of Northerode in the county of Chester husbondman and Katherine Plant widow executors of the testament of William Plant of Gowesworth deceased, for a debt of £7 10s. Defendant has not appeared (again), so writs are sent to the sheriffs of London and the sheriff of Cheshire, to exact them to appear by 12 November, failing which they are to be outlawed.
James Plant may just have assumed that the defendants were executors, or they may not have had the will proved. Certainly, the case was coming to a head, and may reappear in Michaelmas term.
1565 Main homeland
Elizabeth Plante, complainant against [purchase from] Sir Ralph Bagnall, tenements in Leek.
Dieulacres and Sir Ralph Bagnall of Newcastle under Lyme. After the dissolution of Dieualcres Abbey by the crown in 1539, it was was granted with its lands to Sir Ralph Bagnall in 1552 for a yearly rent. Out of favour in the reign of Phillip and Mary, he enfoeffed his brother Nicholas while he sought refuge abroad and at Michaelmas 1557 it was remitted by fine to Valentine Browne. Sir Ralph bought it back in 1560 in the reign of Elizabeth and then, evidently short of funds, variously sold pieces on, such as in this document of 1565 when he sold a parcel of property to Elizabeth [SHS XIII p240 onwards].
1567 Main homeland
Christopher Plante, Thomas Plante and two others, complaint against Sir Ralph Bagnall, property in Leek parish.
1573-4 Main homeland
Thomas Plant, suspicion of coyniage of false money Acts of Privy Council
1583 South Staffordshire
Arms of Plantney family of Wolverhampton Herald's visitation of Staffordshire (Staffordshire Historical Collection)

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After 1600

1613 Main homeland
John Plant, remission of land at Meyford, Stone and Darlaston to him and his heirs (Staffordshire Historical Colections) [See also 1471 and 1479 documents above].
1623 Main homeland
William Plant, occupier of two Messuages at Hazlewood and Heaton.
1642 County Kildare, Ireland
Thomas Plant in a detachment of about eight men from the company of Sir Arthur Loftus was struck on the cheek with a sword by rebels at Dowdingston two miles from Naas.
Note. Earliest known Plant in Ireland was Sir John Plant in ca.1479-84 (see dated list above) at Dublin which is 20 miles from Naas.
Historical context. This examination dated 27 Dec 1642 coincides with several depositions gathered between 1642 and 1655 to construct a narative that the so-called 1641 Irish Rebellion was a Catholic conspiracy to wipe out all Protestants in Ireland. This formed a part of the British Civil Wars (1639-53) which included the English Civil War (22 Aug 1642 to 3 Sep 1651).
1642 South Staffordshire
Thomas Plant accused of taking a mare in Wolverhampton. The case was apparently settled out of court (blank dates for trial) with Thomas likely being released from the Marshalsea upon returning the mare. Note. Though the 1981 UK Telephone Directories show that the one for the Wolverhampton, Walsall and Dudley area (near Birmingham) had the second largest number of Plants (behind the one for around Stoke on Trent), there is a dearth of early records for around south Staffordshire (at least so far) though there had been earlier the 1401 and 1403 records mentioned above for John Plonte the Younger at Womburne near Wolverhampton.
1700-later (approx) Lancashire
Elizabeth (b ca.1680, granddaughter of Ralph Cheetham) married Thomas Plant with issue including son Laurence (b 1702) and grandchildren (b 1728-55). Ralph was brother to Humphrey Cheetham of Cheetham's Library fame (Cheetham pedigree in Familiae Minorum Gentium)
1770-later (approx) Main homeland
Lydia (b ca.1770s, dau of William Swynnerton of Betley 1740-1809) was wife to William Plant of Stockport (Staffordshire Historical Collection)
1856 South Staffordshire
Joseph Plant aged 15 years killed in mining disaster

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Some mentions of Plants in the Victoria County History series (Oxford University Press)

The relevant part of each page is highlighted by asterisks (*) in page margin.

Staffordshire

Vol 5. East Cuttlestone Hundred (1959)
  - p.45
In 1901, the Roman Catholic parish of Brewood benefits from a £400 bequest from A. Plant; also, a £500 one from Miss A. Plant in 1916 which was making £18 in 1956.
  - p.166
The church of St Michael at Brereton has a mural tablet in memory of the Revd John Holford Plant (d 1891), missionary and former curate.
Vol 6. Stafford (1979)
  - p.226
In 1934-5, a new guild hall, with an arcade of shops beneath it giving access to the market hall, was built in Stafford to the design of William Plant, the borough surveyor.
Vol 7. Leek and the Moorlands (1996)
  - p.48
In 1731, the Quaker James Plant was Longnor's headborough.
  - p.115
By 1872, there were two wooden bobbin makers in Leek. One was George Plant in Mill Street. In ca.1890, the Mill Street works passed from George to Thomas Plant who ran it for a short time.
  - p.187
In 1614, William Tunnicliffe and William Plant, both of Heaton, bought the manor of Heaton from the crown before selling it in 1629.
  - p.194
By the later 16th century, there were two houses at Redearth of which only one survives. In the 17th century it was rebuilt with a third storey apparently with light for weaving; in 1666, the house was occupied by a weaver, John Plant.
  - p.235
In 1644, Richard Plant and his family were described as of Blackshaw Moor, and the Plants may have been settled there in the 16th century, three farms in Tittesworth being held by three members of the family in 1542.

Some mentions of Plants in the Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press)

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