Page heading
Author: Dr John S Plant (
bio)
Click on Home button or Site Map for more navigation details

Home Page Join Name Origins Name Distribution Journal Plant records Early Documents Wills Marriage Members Reunion Contacts


Some early Plant wills and a few University attendees around England (1525 to 1815)

Contents

or go to top menu or exit this wills page to Plant site map

General notes

Sources for the listed Plant Wills etc.
I am grateful to Earl Davies for initiating some additional details (ED) for around 1699 in the lists below of some Plant wills. Most of the summaries however are so far mine (JSP) and some might perhaps benefit from a second opinion concerning the handwriting. Images of those marked ** have been downloaded by me "for my own research purposes" as required by copyright.

The Lichfield wills cover roughly the county of Staffordshire, with parts of Derbyshire and Shropshire (more detailed map) and are available for 1620-1780 here (at a price) and more cheaply for 1521-1850 here though some here are missing for north Derbyshire. Cheshire wills are available here. In 1993, W K Plant (Roots and Branches, Issue 5, pp. 17-21) listed many wills, proved mainly at Lichfield and Chester, between 1527 and 1896, though these had several shortcomings, such as a lack of location for all 44 listed Lichfield wills between 1533 and 1626. A more complete list, with place names, since 1527 to 1815 in the case of Lichfield wills for example, is listed below (some designated WKP where appropriate).

A few wills further afield upto 1815, especially in the south-east of England, are indexed for the Prerogative Consistory Court of Canterbury and they are listed here below, as taken from their index at The National Archives (designated TNA). Also, the relatively few, pre-1815 Plant attendees at Oxford and Cambridge Universities are taken from W Keith Plant (1991) Roots and Branches, Issue 2, pp 27-29 (designated WKP). Some assorted, more widespread, pre-1816 Plant wills are taken from the indices here for: Prerogative Court of York (1688-1858); Bank of England (1717-1845); Index to Death Duty Register (1796-1903); Inheritance Disputes Index (1574-1714); Devon Wills Index (1163-1999); Essex (1675-1858); Kent (1328-1890); London Probate Index; Lancashire Wills & Probate (1457-1858); Leicestershire (1500-1939); Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index; Oxfordshire (1516-1857); Surrey & South London (1470-1865); Wiltshire, Court of Salisbury (1464-1858; 1530-1881); Worcestershire Probate Index (1600-1858).

Some other Plant records, starting 1180, are listed here; and, some early, assorted Plant documents, with their full texts, are given here.

Plants around the Staffordshire Moorlands: the main homeland of the main Plant family

Church records are lacking for Plants in their main homeland of Leek. This is the largest parish in Staffordshire. Even by the 1720s, the vicar of Leek wrote to the bishop stating that the inhabitants of Leekfrith were negligent in bringing their children to be baptised [BHO, Leekfrith, Church]. The Plant wills listed below are a valuable resource for this homeland as well as adding substance to the migrations of Plants elsewhere: the Plants elsewhere often DNA-match to main homeland Plants.

The Longspeée-Audley hypothesis explains surprisingly well the early distribution of the Plants – early Plant records almost always coincide with these nobles' thirteenth- and fourteenth-century feudal lands. Even by the times of sixteenth-century wills, that influence is still often apparent. The Longspées could have coined the surname Plant, as a toponymic for peasants living near a 'planted place', though other possible meanings such as gardener have been suggested – perhaps some early Plants had held groundskeeping roles at the Audleys' north Staffordshire estates though there is no direct evidence for this role – by the times of early wills the Plants are most often described as yeomen or husbandmen.

Starting with the first known record for the Plant(e) name, Durand Plante was fined for duelling in 1180 in Normandy. The name evidently travelled with the feudal lord William Longspée (ca. 1176-1226) from Normandy through England before he became High Sherriff of Staffordshire and Shropshire in 1224. The Longspée heiress married into the Audley family in 1244. The Audleys had held, for example, Horton and Gratton in Leek parish since 1218 and, immediately to its east, was Dieulacres Abbey which had been granted land by the earl of Chester in a charter around 1229-32.

This land for Dieulacres Abbey was in the south east of a region called Leekfrith in Leek parish – this was mostly a wooded area of around 30 square miles [DA, Chap.2]. The 19th-century watercolour below looks down on the subsequently cleared Leekfrith with a much expanded Leek town away in the distance.

Cattle by Ramshaw Rocks on the
Leek-Buxton road  
Leek: cattle near Ramshaw Rocks on the Road to Flash, ca.1835 (21cm x 30cm) watercolour attributed to Lewis John Wood.
Reproduced on this web page by permission of the Trustees of the William Salt Library, Stafford [WSL, Ref: SV V.105a].

Flash (reputedly the highest village in England) is on the way from Leek town to Buxton (highest town in England). Robert Plot (1686) described the nearby rocks of the Roaches and Hen Cloud as 'such really stupendous prospects, which I have never seen before, or could have believed to be anywhere but in picture'. On the other hand, William Camden, in the 1607 edition of his Britannia, had described the area as 'so harsh, foul and cold that the snow continues for a long time'. The plateaux of these so-called Staffordshire Moorlands are mostly 800 feet above sea level but occasionally reaching higher to 1,600 feet [AHOS, p 17].

The early proliferation of land-holding Plants, as found in Plant wills, occurred especially in their main homeland of Leek parish and also around Stone to the south. These Plant locations evidently related to the 13th- and 14th-century estates of their Longspée-Audley feudal lords – these included the Audley's Manor at Horton, near Leek town, and an estate at Yarnfield near Stone. Dieulacres Abbey was also near Leek town and its lands had expanded before its dissolution in 1538, whereafter many farms were formed from the 'six great pastures of Leekfrith'. Five of Staffordshire's eighteen Plant families were located in Leekfrith, in 1532-33, with eleven in the surrounding north Staffordshire moorlands.

In Leek parish, there were particularly many land-holding Plant yeomen and husbandmen with probated wills, as indicated in the list of wills below. It seems that these ancestral Plants likely provided the main fertile roots for the unusually large growth of the main Plant family. In a separate document of Staffordshire families in 1532-33, eleven of the eighteen Plant families were in the Staffordshire Moorlands with, for example, five specifically in Leekfrith.

The Audley Estates around 1300 are shown for Staffordshire by the orange squares in map (a) below. These were mainly towards this county's northern border with the exception of one shown further south in (a), which was at Yarnfield near Stone. The Audleys' most westerly estates shown in (a), in north Staffordshire, included Heleigh (or Heighley) Castle and their eponymous Audley parish. The Audley family also held other estates further north over the border in Cheshire and further to the west in Shropshire.

(a) Audley Estates in Staffordshire circa 1300
[AHAOS page 51]

Around 1500-49, the recorded acreages for Staffordshire's northerly parishes included considerable fractions of wood and waste [brown slices in the schematic map (b) below]. The most northerly circle shown in (b) is for Alstonefield parish and the smaller pair to its west are for Leek parish and its western enclave of Horton. Note that the size of the circle for Leek, Staffordshire's largest parish, is relatively small, considering this parish's larger size than Horton or even Alstonefield the second largest. This reflects the relatively small fraction of acreage that was recorded within the boundaries of Leek, and indeed for all of these compared to the circles furthest south.

(b) Fractions of lands cultivated 1500-9
[AHAOS page 41]

For the most part, by the 16th century, the north Staffordshire moorlands were barren. Outside of enclosures for arable farming, there were vast areas covered by woodland or unimproved grasslands; and, as the population expanded, there was considerable incentive to enclose and improve the land [MPL, pp.46-47]. This helps to explain why the population growth rate, even for Staffordshire overall, was high from early times. Family growth was sustainable for those with the wherewithall to make good use of the land, not least in the Staffordshire Moorlands with its two largest Staffordshire parishes: Leek and Alstonefield.

Following the death of the last Norman earl of Chester in 1237, Diuelacres Abbey near Leek town had received royal patronage [DA, Chap.4]. It did well in disputes with neighbouring religious houses and in the TAXATIO of 1291 it was the wealthiest monastry in Staffordshire, in terms of real estate [DA, Chap.2], with some lands also in Cheshire and Lancashire [DA, Chap.3]. By the 16th century, tiny hamlets of few buildings in the north of Leek parish were typical sites for engrossment by one or a few spreading farms, with relatively little restriction of their boundaries: plentiful room for expansion can explain the lack of known disputes or anxiety [MPL, p.55]. Much of the pasture of Dieulacres was administered from Swythamley and, following the Abbey's dissolution in 1538, it was from the "six great pastures ... of Leekfrith" that many of its farms were derived [MPL, pp.55-56]. Horton was further south from Swythamley, which was near the NW corner of Leek parish. Untypically, it had developed into a village and the 1,000 acres of 'Horton Hay' provided one third of its income from grazing cattle, with winter fodder of holly from the 'Hollins' serving as a supplement to uncertain harvests of hay [MPL, p.48] – this relatively advanced development might relate to the fact that Horton with Gratton had been a manor of the Audleys.

The region around Leek parish is shown in the 1686 map of the Staffordshire Moorlands below with Leek town as item 1. There are also many probated Plant wills both south and north of the mapped region: to the south near Stone in the generally more fertile central band of Staffordshire; and, to the north in the Pennine foothills of east Cheshire. The following map of the Moorlands is from Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire (1686) [AHOL, p.10] with added red numbers to help identify some relevant locations.

Plants around the Staffordshire Moorlands

    1. Leek town and Dieulacres
    Leek town in Leek parish (market charter granted in 1208).
    Dieulacres Abbey (1214-1538).
    Both in the fertile flood plane of the Upper Churnet Valley.
    Thomas Plonte abetted the Abbot in connection with a beheading in Leek in 1379.
    (Abbot had right of infangenthef, i.e. imposition of death sentence in certain circumstances).
    2. Trespass with bullock
    Black Prince's vaccary across the River Dane boundary in Cheshire.
    Thomas Plontt, trespass with bullock, case heard at Macclesfield Court in 1373.
    3. Roach Grange
    Lease of croft for 39 years by Edward Plant, granted by Abbot of Dieulacres in 1406.
    4. Audley lands
    The Audley Lords owned Horton and Gratton Manor in Leek parish by 1218 until 1535 [MPL, pp.23-24].
    Also several dairy farms on their Moorland estate in Alstonefield parish by 1308 [AHOS, p 86].
    The Audleys held Aenora Milbank's one third share of Alstonefield by 1227 until 1516 [BHO, Alstonefield Manor].
    5. Alstonefield parish church
    This lengthy parish adjoins eastern boundary of Leek parish.
    Plant wills there by 1550.
    6. Waterfall
    Plant wills there by 1557.
    7. Heaton quarter of Leek parish
    William Plant of Heaton bought half share of Heaton quarter in 1614, sold it in 1631
    (map of Leek parish quarters here).
    Plant wills at Heaton by 1640.
    8. Bosley
    Bosley in Cheshire: Plant wills there by 1677.
    9. Congleton
    Congleton, Cheshire: Plant will by 1758.
    10. Sheen and Hartington
    Sheen, Staffordshire: Plant family by 1532-33.
    Hartington, Derbyshire: Plant will by 1692.

Some other early Plant records for Leek.

To the north in Cheshire, arable was returned to pasture following the population decline of the Black Death in the 1350s and 1360s and there, in the Pennine foothils, there is early evidece of vaccaries. Though one important purpose was rearing cattle for sale, cheese was being produced on a commercial scale, at least from 1372 onwards, with Cheshire Cheese perhaps being a 14th century invention [AHOC, p 45].

Further afield, quite distant at the southern tip of Derbyshire for example, there are Plant wills at Gresley by 1558. This is near Repton School whence hailed a 1662 Plant attendee at Cambridge University who became a deacon then priest at Lichfield Cathedral in Staffordshire. The first two undergraduates from Repton School, in 1568-9, were from Staffordshire and Warwickshire indicating its early evolution as a boarding school of high accademic status; the school was formed from a suitable building in the post-dissolution ruins of Repton Priory, where, instead of prayers by the monks' and nuns' for the souls of rich benefactors, prayers were directed (1557) to be offered up by schoolmasters at the start and end of each day [AHOD, pp.73-74].

[BHO - British History Online, Staffordshire, vol 7 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/staffs/vol7)] [MPL - Faith Cleverdon, Landscape with Building: A North Staffordshire study based on the medieval Parish of Leek, PhD thesis presented to the University of Sheffield, 2002 (http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/3429/)] [DA - Michael J Fisher, Dieulacres Abbey: Our Lady of Dieulacres, Leek, Stafordshire (http://dieulacresabbey.blogspot.co.uk)] [AHOL - R Poole, A History of Leek, (Churnet Valley Books, 2002).] [AHOS - M W Greenslade and D G Stuart, A History of Staffordshire, 3rd edition (Phillimore, 1998).] [AHAOS - An Historical Atlas of Staffordshire, Edited by A D M Phillips and C B Phillips, (Manchester University Press, 2011)] [AHOC - A Crosby, A History of Cheshire, (Phillimore, 1996).] [AHOD - J Childs, A History of Derbyshire, (Phillimore, 1987).]
Return to wills menu

The Records (1526-1815) in reverse order

A particular trend. In times since around 1775, the wills are more widely dispersed than they were before the Industrial Age, before when many of the wills were for cattle farmers in and around Leek and Alstonefield parishes in the north Staffordshire moorlands. Despite the fact that wills were generally for the richer part of society and give an incomplete guide, this trend shows up better in the wills (1525-1725) below than in parish records which are notoriously missing through these times in these main homeland moorlands.

1815-1801

73 records, 55 for males

1815 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Beninga Planta (sic) Ockbrook, Derbyshire.
* Will of John Plant, Newport, Shropshire.
1815 will, probate at Chester
* Will of Thomas Plant, farmer of Church Hulme, Cheshire [of Cranroe near Holmes Chapel in Index to Death Duty Register].
1815 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant of Shoreditch, London, Middlesex.
* Will of Peter Jacob Planta (sic), apothecary and surgeon of Ockbrook, Derbyshire.
1815, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Jeremh Plant of Suffolk.
* Will of John Plant of Hare Walk, Hoxton, London.
1814 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Sarah Plant, Ashbourne, Derbyshire.
1814 will, probate at Chester
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Blore Heath, Tirby, Staffordshire (sic)
* Will of Olive Plant, spinster of Cheadle.
1814 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Jane La Plante (sic) of St Agnes, Cornwall.
* Will of Sarah Plant, widow of Sonning, Berkshire.
1814 will, Lancashire
* Will of Mary Plant of Bore Heath in Staffordshire (sic).
1814, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Jno Plant of South Cove, Suffolk.
* Will of Sarah Plant of Woodley Green, Berkshire.
* Will of William Plant of Eden Cottage, Stoke Newington, London.
1813 wills, probate at Chester
* Will of Thomas Plant of Liverpool, Lancashire (sic).
* Will of Joseph Plant, yeoman of Astbury [also of neighbouring Congleton in Index to Death Duty Register].
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Nantwich.
* Will of Jonathan Plant, gentleman of Broughton, Staffordshire (sic).
1813 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John (aka Johnas) Plant, officer of excise Bishop Auckland, Durham.
1813 will, Lancashire
* Will of Thomas Plant of Liverpool [In Index to Death Duty Register, 'of Croxton' could perhaps be of Croxteth, Liverpool or of Croxton in Cambridgeshire.
1813, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of William Plant, admin to Elixabeth Plant of Saxmundham, Suffolk.
1812 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Stafford, Staffordshire.
1812 will, probate at Chester
* Will of of William Plant, yeoman of Bredbury [of Portwood, Bredbury in Index to Death Duty Register].
1812, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Jno Plant of Charnes Hall, parish of Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant, farmer of Ecchinswell, Hampshire [incorrectly transcribed as Eccleshall in Index to Death Duty Register.
1811 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Stafford, Staffordshire.
* Will of John Plant, Bidulph, Staffordshire.
* Will of Benjamin Plant, Bidulph, Staffordshire.
1811 wills, probate at Chester (possible duplicate of below)
* Will of William Plant, sawyer of Liverpool (WKP).
1811 will, Lancashire
* Will of William Plant of Liverpool.
1811, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Eliz Plant of Leak, Lincolnshire.
* Will of Richard Plant of Sibsey, Lincolnshire.
1810 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, Burslem, Staffordshire.
1810, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Thomas Plant of Upper Ground Street, Christchurch, London.
1809 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Samuel Plant, Mucklestone, Shropshire.
* Will of James Plant, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire.
   Further details included in Lynne Scaife article here.
1808 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of James Plant, Walsall, Staffordshire.
1808 wills, probate at Chester
* Will of Joseph Plant, joiner of Great Budworth.
* Will of William Plant, gardener of Edgeley.
** Will of John Plant, yeoman of Barnshaw [index incorrectly states Branshaw]. Will dated 18 Dec 1807: all personal effects to wife Martha Plant for life provided she does not change her name, otherwise to be shared equally (wholly if died) with son Joseph and daughter Sarah; other children, having been provided for already, to have 1s for Thoams and 5s for Charlotte. In absence of wife, executors to be Peter Bailey and William Ellis. Probate note states personal effects worth between £50 and £60 and his widow Martha became executrix, he having died in Dec 1807.
* Will of Mary Plant, spinster of Hulton Park (WKP).
1808 Prerogative Court of Canterbury
* Will of Thomas Plant of St Peters Roscommon [of Athlone in Ireland in Index to Death Duty Register].
* Will of Fras Plant of Walsall (in Index to Death Duty Register.
1808 will, Lancashire
* Will of Mary Plant of Hulton Park.
1808 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of John Plant, bachelor of Chipping Norton.
1807 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire.
** Will of Robert Plant, yeoman of Alstonfield, Staffordshire. Died intestate but bond of £900 to say that his estate did not exceed £450 sworn by his widow Hannah Plant dated 29 Oct 1807.
* Will of James Plant, Glossop, Derbyshire.
** Will of Hannah Plant, Leek, Staffordshire, stated to be spinster in will but widow (with same surname) in attestation. Will made 27 Oct 1806. Interest on property, after expenses, to her sister Sarah Pyott, also £10 for funeral and £5 to purchase mournings from Mr Thomas Knight. Thereafter as follows. To Elizabeth ?Care (late Mitscell) £10. To Sarah Plant wife of James Plant £5. To William Lockett son of William Lockett of Red Earth £5; also £5 to William Lockett of Red Earth. To William Plant her relation £5. To Elizabeth Traviss wife of Samuel Traviss of Leek £5. To Betty Thomas widow £5. To Phillip Walmslow of Leek, shopman £5. To Mary Beckett wife of Thomas Beckett of Macclesfield £5. To John Gaunt son of the late John Gaunt silkmaster of Leek £50. To Matthew Lees of Leek, Innkeeper £5. To Revd Richard Bentley, vicar of Leek £5. To William Billingham of Leek £5. Residue to John Fowler Esq of Leek. Executors to be the said John Fowler and the said Revd Richard Bentley. Attestaion dated 21 March 1807 that Hanah died 6 Nov 1806 and left an estate less than £300.
1807 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of James Plant of Bristol, Gloucestershire.
1806 Prerogative Court of York
* Will of Benjamin Plant, parish of Ecclesall Bierlow, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Aug 1806.
1806 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, Stone, Staffordshire.
1806, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Eliz Plant of Kirton (Lincoln wills and probate).
1805 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Bedworth, Warwickshire.
1805 will, probate at Chester
* Will of William Plant, yeoman of Wincham.
1805 will, probate at Lancaster
* Will of William Plant, mariner of Liverpool (WKP).
1805 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of William Plant (aka Read), seaman of ship Rattler.
1805 will, Lancashire
* Will of William Plant (aka John Brown) mariner of Liverpool [date 13 Aug 1805 in Index to Death Duty Register].
1804 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Stephen Plant, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
Note. This is no doubt the Stephen Plant who is recorded in The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia by Tim Cockin (Malthouse Press, Barlaston, 2nd edition, 2006) under Yarnfield (page 613) as follows.. "There was a windmill built by Stephen Plant on the W edge of the village [Yarnfield] in the C18. It comprised a windmill plus a separate steam mill. The mill is last recorded in 1861 (WBJ p48) (WIS p25)" [WBJ=Staffordshire Windmills, Barry Job 1985 and WIS=Windmills in Staffordshire, WA Seaby & AC Smith 1979].
* Will of Alice Plant, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire [wrongly filed as Newcastle in Northumberland in Index to Death Duty Register].
1804, Index to Death Duty Register
* Will of Richard Brewood Plant of Stafford.
1803 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Kingswinford, Staffordshire.
* Will of Margaret Plant, Standon, Staffordshire.
1803 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Ann Plant, widow of Angel Court, parish of St James, Westminster, Middlesex.
1802 Prerogative Court of York
* Will of Henry Plant of London, Mar 1802.
* Will of Thomas Plant of Nottingham, Oct 1802 (has been incorrectly indexed as Northamptonshire on occasion).
1802 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, Stone, Staffordshire.
* Will of John Plant, Betley, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, Betley, Staffordshire.
1802 will, probate at Chester
* Will of Ann Plant, widow of Cheadle.
1802 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Thomas Plant of Woodley, Woodley and Sandford, Berkshire (sic) [of Woodley Sonning in Index to Death Duty Register].
1801 will, Lancashire
* Will of James Plant of Red Lion Street, Manchester.

Return to wills menu

1800-1776

46 records, 34 for males

1800 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant, Stoke-on-Trent.
* Will of Samuel Plant, Kingsley, Staffordshire.
1800 will, probate at Chester
* Will of John Plant, farmer of Crowley.
1800 will, London Probate Index
* Will of George Plant, Middlesex, Nov 1800.
* Will of John Plant of foreign parts, 65th regiment, Sep 1800.
1799 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Stoke-on-Trent.
* Will of Thomas Plant, Utoxeter, Staffordshire.
* Will of John Plant, Haughton, Staffordshire.
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, Walsall, Staffordshire.
1797 will, probate at Chester
* Will of John Plant, innkeeper of Macclesfield.
1795 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Matthew Plant, Standon, Staffordshire [dated 1795/6 in Index to Death Duty Register].
* Will of William Plant, Bedworth, Warwickshire.
* Will of George Plant, Kingswinford, Staffordshire.
1793 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Robert Plant, Stone, Staffordshire.
1793 will, probate index Worcestershire
* Will of Thomas Plant of Alcester, Worcestershire.
1792 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Mary Plunt (sic), Keele, Staffordshire.
* Will of Maria Plant, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1792 will, probate at Chester
** Will of William Plant, yeoman of Nantwich. To wife Mary and friend Samuel Wilkinson of Nantwich, hairdresser, all his real and personal estate except that wife Mary shall have interest on £300 of land for her lifetime if unmarried; with £40 of this for her own disposal. After her her death or remarriage, the remaining £260 as follows. To children of niece Jane, daughter of sister Sarah Hewitt, when they reach the age of 21 or marry, £20 to be divided equally. £80 to nephew William Kelsall. £80 divided equally to children of late nephew Joseph Hewitt. £80 divided equally equally to children of sister Hannah wife of John Swain of Gawsworth. Wife Mary and said friend Samuel Wilkinson to be executors. Will dated 20 Dec 1791. Probate over £300 and under £600 dated 13 Feb 1792.
1792 will, London Probate Index
* Will of John Plant of foreign parts, June 1792.
1790 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Thomas Plant, Forton, Shropshire.
* Will of John Plant, Betley, Staffordshire.
1789 Prerogative Court of York
* Will of Thomas Plant of Nottingham, July 1789.
1788 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Stephen Plant, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1787 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1787 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Bristol, Gloucestershire.
1786 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, Birmingham, Warwickshire.
1786 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Jane Plant, widow of St Clemens Danes, Middlesex, March 1786.
1785 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of William Plant, bricklayer of Upavon, Wiltshire.
1784 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Catherine Plant, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.
1784 Prerogative Court of Canterbury
* Will of Henry Plant of St Clement Danes, Middlesex, Nov 1784.
1783 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, Loxley, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
** Will of James Plant, yeoman of Botham House in the parish of Ipstones, Staffordshire. Will [long-winded] made 6 June 1774. To John Edge yeoman of Waterhouse in Leek parish and Henry Beard yeoman of the Botham of Morridge in Ipstones parish, they to inherit or take charge of various properties both in or near Derby Street in Leek (currently occupied by John Smith and Joseph Carr) and, those in his own tenure, including goods, cattle, chattels, husbandry ware etc. Rents and profits etc to go to his only daughter Elizabeth Beard, wife of Joseph Beard and her children John Beard and James Beard. Aforesaid John Edge and Henry Beard to be executors. Attestation 4 Oct 1783 sworn by John Edge 8 Oct preserving power to the other executor to be sworn by Henry Beard. Probate 14 Oct 1783.
1782 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Samuel Plant, innkeeper of Leek, Staffordshire. Intestate. Administration to widow Ann Plant (also stated as the said Ann Ansell) upon bond (of £200 dated 18 July 1782) that his estate does not exceed £100 sworn by said widow Ann Plant dated 23 July. Probate 31 July 1782.
1781 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Leek parish, Staffordshire. Intestate. Attestation for widow Jane Plant dated 22 Oct 1781; bond of £400 sworn by widow Jane Plant dated 2 Nov; probate under £100 dated 5 Nov 1781.
1781 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Matthew Plant, wharehouseman of St Giles Cripplegate, London.
* Will of Martha Plant, widow of Grenwich, Kent.
* Will of Sarah Planta (sic), widow of St Paul Shadwell, Middlesex.
1780 wills, of Leicestershire
* Mary Plant of Bagworth, Leicestershire.
1779 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of William Plant of Elton in parish of Bury.
1778 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Theophilus Plant, Sutton Forton, Staffordshire.
* Will of Alice Plant, Coventry, Warwickshire.
1778 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plint (sic), Lieutenant Royal Navy.
1777 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Ellen Plant, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1777 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant, gentleman of East Grenwich, Kent.
1777 will, Bank of England Extracts
* Will of Henry Plant Esq of London.
1776 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of William Plant, coachman of St Luke Chelsea, Middlesex.

Return to wills menu

1775-1751

58 records, 46 for males.

1775 Prerogative Court of York
* Will of Thomas Plant of Kippax, Yorkshire.
1775 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of George Plant, oilman of Saint Mary Whitechappel, Middlesex.
1775 will, probate at Chester
** Will of Samuel Plant, yeoman of Wincle, Cheshire. Executors to be his nephews Sammuel Rosson and Joseph Bagstaff. Three daughters Sarah Buxton, Mary Rosson and Martha Bagstaff. Daughter Sarah (wife of David Buxton yeoman of ?the big Forrest House in Leekfrith) to have all land in Rainow commonly known as ?Dimberrygate. Daughter Mary (wife of Daniel Rosson yeoman of Sutton in Prestbury) to have £130. Daughter Martha (wife of Joseph Bagstaff of Fox Bank) also to have £130. Land at Wildboarclough to Earl of Derby to hold unto my aforesaid two nephews as tennants subject to payment of £180 to be divided between aforesaid three daughters. To grandson Lawrence Plant Bagstaff (sic), all of estate in Wincle with £150 held by aforesaid three daughters. Grandsons Daniel Rosson and Samuel Buxton £5 each. Son Thomas Plant to have £1-1-0 only. Granddaughters Martha Broadhurst, Mary Buxton and Alice Scope to have shares of furniture etc. Robert ?Moodis and Joseph Moodis yeoman of Wincle to have £2-2-0 each. Remainder to three aforesaid daughters with shares of all leasehold estate at Wincle Grange. Will made 11 July 1771.
** Will of Thomas Plant, now of Macclesfield, latterly yeoman of Wincle, Cheshire. Household goods, cattle and chattels to be converted to money. Appoints Samuel Buxton yeoman of Rushton in Staffordshire, son Thomas Plant and John Frost, Innholder of Macclesfield as Executors. Consideration includes all messuages, tenements with lands etc at Lawton Lowe within Bunglowton in Cheshire currently in the occupation of son John Plant. Annuities for maintenance of son Samuel Plant (£10); daughter Sarah now wife of John Barlow of Macclesfield Forest husbandman (£5) etc. Sums of: £200 to son Lawrence Plant; £80 to daughter Alice wife of William Barlow of Macclesfield Forest husbandman; £10 to granddaughter Hannah Plant daughter of said Sarah Barlow; £50 to son George Plant; £5 to James Davenport once shoemaker of Macclesfield now foot soldier (cf. 1744 will below); £50 to son Thomas Plant's own hands (the £200 aforesaid for said Lawrence Plant and £10 for Hannah Plant are to be upon reaching 21 years or marriage, with maintenance to be paid until then). Aforesaid messuage with lands etc to son John Plant and sons or, by default, likewise to son George Plant then son Samuel Plant ... Sarah Barlow. Messuage, lands etc at Wildboarclough (now in occupation of Joseph Clowes) commonly known as Hole in Edge together with piece of common land to George Plant and Thomas Plant. Three tenements in Macclesfield in street called Jordangate (lately purchased from George Wood and others), his gold ring etc to son George Plant subject to £5 annuity to wife Sarah Plant along with bed, bedding etc. Ten shillings each to daughter Martha wife of James Rosson of Rainow Yeoman and to Samuel Buxton. Residue to said Alice Barlow, Lawrence Plant and Sarah Plant. Will made 13 March 1775.
1775 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plant, yeoman of Stoneycliffe, Leek, Staffordshire. Admin to William Brougton victualler in parish of Mayfield, Cheshire (near Ashbourne) 4 Mar 1775.
** Sarah Plant, widow of Edensor, Derbyshire. Mentions sons Samuel and William Plant and daughter Sarah.
1774 will, probate at Chester
** James Plant of Odd Rode, Astbury, Cheshire. Mentions brother Thomas Plant (concerning all houses etc in Congleton and Odd Rode) but provision of house etc in Odd Rode to son James Plant, including becoming heir when 19 years; provision of houses etc in Congleton to four daughters, viz Mary ?Bosley, Jabe Barker, Elizabeth Birches and Sara Buckley; provision at Odd Rode, including parlour and little garden, to wife Hannah. Will made 17 Oct 1767, admin 3 Nov 1774.
1774 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Joseph Plant of Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire.
* Will of Stephen Plant, gentleman of Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire.
1774 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Fortunatus Planta (sic).
1773 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of James Plant, yeoman of Sidway Mill House, Maer, Staffordshire
   Further details included in Lynne Scaife article here.
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Donnington, Shropshire.
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Sheriff Hales, [states Staffordshire but in Shropshire].
* Will of Joseph Plant, schoolmaster of Coventry, Warwickshire.
1772 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of James Plant, husbandman of Naychurch, Alstonfield, Staffordshire. Mentions wife Martha; children John, James, Joseph, Ann, Martha, Mary; and brother John Plant. Will made 15 April 1772, proved at Cheadle 14 May 1772.
** Will of James Plant, husbandman of Gorlage, Alstonfield, Staffordshire. Mentions son John Plant (1s), daughter Grace (£5), wife Ann Plant, son James. Will made 25 Feb 1764, proved at Cheadle 29 Oct 1772.
1772 wills, of Kent (Rochester Archdeaconry Court)
* Will of John Plant of Chatham, Kent.
* Will of John Plant of Rochester, Kent.
1770 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Jane Plant, spinster of Stone, Staffordshire.
** Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Hurdloe Leek, Staffordshire. Mentions being wife Sarah Plant (£20 plus goods furniture etc), daughter Mary Booth wife of George Booth (20s), daughter Martha Plant (£10), daughter Sarah ?Bose wife of George B (£4), daughter Jane Clulowe wife of James C (£6), daughter Hellen Ash wife of John A (£1), sons Thomas Plant and James P, wife Sarah Plant and brother-in-law John ?Deavil. Will made 19 Feb 1768, proved 5 June 1770.
1769 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plant senior, yeoman of Hazlewood in Leek parish, Staffordshire. [Difficult writing]. Mentions (?eldest) son John Plant (to inherit Hazlewood estate), wife, (?another) son John upon reaching 21. daughter Mary, daughter Sarah; rest divided between his five children viz Mary, Sarah, Richard, Lawrence, Ellen. Will made 19 July 1767. [See also 1760 will for Hazlewood].
1768 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Elias Plant, late butcher of Saint Bartholomew's hospital London.
* Will of Walter Plant, mariner belonging to His Majesty's Ship (HMS) the Weymouth.
1768 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of George Plant of Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
* Will of John Plant senior, yeoman of Yarnfield, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Beech, Stone, Staffordshire.
** Will of William Plant, farmer and brickmaker of Duckmanton, in Sutton, Derbyshire. Mentions daughter Esther wife of John Jackson (£20), son Robert Plant (£70 plus clothes), son John Plant (£70), daughter Anne wife of Joseph Horton (£20), grandson William son of Edward Milnes (£20), son Benjamin Plant (£70), son Thomas Plant (£150), son James Plant (messuage house etc William had purchased in Bolsover from Richard Bennett plus house and farm etc at Duckmanton) except for complex arrangements for his wife Elizabeth Plant including living in her house prior to marriage at Duckmanton (see also section 27.5 of here). Will made 5 Aug 1768 proved at Chesterfield 15 Dec 1768.
1767 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Sarah Plant, widow of Saint Andrew Holborn, Middlesex.
1767 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Mary Plant, singlewoman of Beech, Stone, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant of Radwood, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1766 will, Bank of England Extracts
* Will of Sarah Plant, widow of Bromley Street, Holborn, Middlesex.
1766 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Michael Plant of Edensor, Derbyshire. Wife Sarah Plant to recieve interest on £50 (now in hands of Wm Bosley of Bakewell) with further provisions, thereafter £20 of this to be equally divided between two sons Samuel and William Plant and two daughters Sarah and Ann Plant. Remainder with chattels etc to wife Sarah Plant. Will made 7 Sept 1745, proved at Chesterfield 16 oct 1766.
1766 will, probate index Worcestershire
* Will of Thomas Plant of Alvechurch, Worcestershire.
1765 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant, labourer of Chadlington, Oxfordshire.
1764 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Edward Plant, now on board His Majesty's Ship (HMS) Orford.
1761 Prerogative Court of York
* Will of William Plant of York, Mar 1761.
1753 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of Thomas Plant of Manchester.
1764 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of James Plant senior, yeoman of Leek, Staffordshire. House and land now occupied by my youngest son Benjamin Plant and Samuel Plant ?joiner, to youngest son Benjamin. Similar to eldest son James Plant. Similar to second son Samuel Plant blacksmith ??said son of said son James Plant. Also 40s to eldest daughter Anna ?Kniveon? otherwise Kinsey wife of John K...; also mentions daughter Sarah Myott widow of her late husband Richard Myott, daughter Elizabeth Fisher widow, daughter Mary Lyon widow. Will made 9 April 1753. Codacil: Elizabeth Fisher now married with Richard Mason senior. Will proved 5 Nov 1764. Admin to James Plant ?a joiner of Eastside: ?29 Nov 1754.
1763 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Richard Plant, now belonging to His Majesty's Ship (HMS) Terpsichore.
1763 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Edward Plant of Piercehay, Brewood, Staffordshire.
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1760 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will and Inventory of John Plant the elder, yeoman of Hazlewood, Leek, Staffordshire. Will dated 10 March 1760: all estate to son John Plant with provision to wife Ellen Plant (£6 yearly, reducing to £3 if remarries, plus use of half of all household goods) but with all stock of cattle, chattels, husbandry items to son John. Executors to be son John Plant and Jonathan Broadhurst of the parish of Prestbury in Cheshire. Inventory totalling £267-8-0 undated. Probate 2 May 1760 at Cheadle. [Note. These John Plants descend to the John Plant of Hazlewood House Farm whose 1849-53 diary has been serialised in our Roots and Branches journal: in particular, the descent is detailed on page 30 of Journal number 6].
1759 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant of Saint Georges Hanover Square, Middlesex.
1759 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Ann Plant, widow of Broughton, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1759 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Bagworth, Leicestershire.
1758 will, probate at Chester
** Will and disputes for estate of Thomas Plant, saddletree maker of Congleton, Staffordshire. One house etc on Cow Hill to each of his daughters Sarah Holland, Easter Fairfield, Hannah Plant (house currently in possession of Thomas Fairfield), Ann Plant (now in possession of Thomas Jackson), Ella Stubbs (now in possession of Thomas Spenser); also house with field to his wife (will made 20 Dec 1756). Much dispute with attestations (dated 4 Feb 1757, 10 July 1758, 11 July 1758) apparently just in connection with a £5 payment by daughters Hannah and Ann Plant to another daughter Mary Brooks.
1758 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Katherine Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1757 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Hannah Plant, widow of Muggington, Derbyshire.
1757 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant of Bristol.
1757 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Thame, Oxfordshire.
1756 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Hanah or Hannah Plant, widow of Saint James Westminster, Middlesex.
1754 will, probate at Chester
** Admon. of Thomas Plant of Betchton in parish of Sandbach, Cheshire. Intestate. Sarah Plant widow of Betchton, Richard Dale of Smallwood and Richard Carter of Brereton, all in Cheshire, agreed on 8 Jun 1754 to make inventory of estate of late Thomas by 8 Nov 1754 and submit it by 9 June 1755.
1754 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Moses Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1753 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of Mary Plant of Liverpool.
1752 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Daniel Plant, labourer of Litton, Tideswell, Derbyshire.
* Will of Henry Plant, yeoman of Sutton on the Hill, Derbyshire.
1752 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of Martha Plant of Brereton.
1751 wills, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Bagworth, Leicestershire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, tammay weaver of Frowlesworth, Leicestershire.

Return to wills menu

1750-1726

45 records, 39 for males

1750 will, probate at Chester
** Will of Randle Plant, miller of North Rode, Cheshire. Mentions late wife Elizabeth daughter of William Tipping and current wife Catherine. Two sons: William to get get his leasehold tenements in North Rode (subject to payment of an annuity of £68 to Randle's father William Plant and provision for Randle's wife Catherine); John to get all his messuage lands in Withington, late of the estate of Samuel Braber (subject to provision for Randle's wife Catherine). Will made 19 Nov 1743, proved 8 May 1750.
1750 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1750 will, of Surrey and south London
* Mention of Fortunatus Planta in will of Robert Wheatley.
1749 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Sentence of Thomas Plant of Bristol, Gloucestershire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, mariner of Saint Bride, City of London.
1749 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Loughborough, Leicestershire.
1748 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of Anthony Plant of Little Billing Northamptonshire.
1748 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant, linen draper of Saint James, Middlesex.
1747 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant of Spot, Stone, Staffordshire.
1746 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of William Plant of Cropredy, Oxfordshire.
1746 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of William Plant of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1746 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Joseph Plant, smith of The Nachurch, Alstonfield, Staffordshire. Everything left to his dear and loving wife Ann Plant, will made 7 Nov 1728. Inventory totalling £199-5-6 made 29 Nov 1745. Proved at Cheadle 24 April 1746.
* Will of Thomas Plant of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1746 beneficiary of Essex
* Beneficiary of will by Bragg, Mary Plant of Essex, England.
1744 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Martha Plant.
1744 will, probate at Chester
** Will of Davenport Plant, soldier of Butley, Cheshire. Soldier of King's Own Regiment in the Company of Captain Jeffries not knowing when might die. Appoints Uncle Robert Whitehead and cousin John Davenport of Mottram St Andrew as Executors. Division of value of tenements in Bisley: one third to John Davenport son of John Davenport of Mottram upon reaching age 21; one third to uncle Robert Whitehead; one third to be shared equally between Aunt Martha Whitehead, cousin Elizabeth Whitehead, and cousin Dorothea Davenport. Will made 5 Jan 1729, proved 30 Oct 1744.
1743-44 will, Bank of England Extracts
* Will of John Plant, linen draper of St James, Westminster, Middlesex.
1743 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Matthew Plant, miller of Darlaston, Stone, Staffordshire.
1742 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Bearson, Shropshire.
   Further details included in Lynne Scaife article here.
* Will of Mary Plant of Stone, Staffordshire.
** Will of Samuel Plant, yeoman of Abbey Green, Leek, Staffordshire. All messuage or tenement lands at ?Hainey/Staney in Leekfrith to son Joseph Plant while making provisions: for Samuel's wife Jane Plant; his son Benjamin Plant; £50 for his daughter Hannah Plant; £20 for daughter Jane ?Daveson wife of John D; 2s 6d each to his son Edward Plant, daughter Elizabeth Goodwin wife of Joseph G, to daughter Ann Ward wife of ? Ward. Samuel's wife Jane to have their house at ?Hiney/Stiney and other possesions and to be sole Executrix. Also mentions Samuel's brother-in-law William Yardley. Will made 2 Oct 1741. Inventory totalling £103-16-7 provided 13 Nov 1741. Proved at Cheadle 6 May 1743.
** Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Hurdlow, Leek, Staffordshire. To daughter Jane Ball 5 shillings; to daughter Sarah Plant £14 plus bed etc; to son Thomas Plant sole executor. Will made 15 June 1741. Inventory totalling £113-5-0 provided 13 April 1742. Probate at Cheadle 6 May 1742.
1739 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Jonathan Plant, gentleman of Broughton, (Staffordshire, also indexed for Broughton in Lancashire under Lancashire Probate and Wills).
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Spot, Stone, Staffordshire.
1737 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, spinster of Yarnfield, Staffordshire.
* Will of James Plant, bachelor of Pattingham, Staffordshire.
1737 will, Devon Index
* Will of Sarah Plant of Plymouth.
1736 will, Devon Index
* Will of Thomas Plant of Plymouth.
1734 Prerogative Court of York (Borthwick Institute)
* Will of Samuel Plant of Wakefield, Yorkshire.
1732 will, Bank of England Extracts
* Will of John Plant of England.
1732 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.
** Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Redearth of Leek parish of Staffordshire. (Part apparently missing). To son Thomas Plant £25; to son James Plant £25; to daughter Sarah wife of John ?Mountford £50; to son Samuel Plant £50; to daughter Elizabeth wife of Ralph ?Brishenough £50. Said children to pay pro rata 40 shilling yearly to his wife. Also provision to granddaughter Sarah Brishenough. Appoints his son Samuel Plant and his friend Robert Clowes. Will made 3 July 1732. Inventory totalling £25-5-2 provided 15 Jun 1732. Proved Cheadle ? Nov 1732.
1730 will, probate index Worcestershire
* Will of John Plant of Bromsgrove, Worcestershire.
1730 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Roland Plant of Yeldersley, Ashbourne, Derbyshire.
1729 will, probate index Worcestershire
* Will of John Plant of Rowley Regis, Worcestershire.
1729 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of Lawrence Plant of Elton.
1728 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant, Merchant of London.
1728 will, probate at Chester
** Will and Inventory of Edward Plant, yeoman of Little Leigh, Cheshire. Real and personal estate to be sold. Two youngest children to be brought up from same until age of ?12 years. Residue of this then to be divided amongst his four children allowing something for Sarah Hallowell to have some of her mother's wollen cloathes with other chattels to be divided between his three daughters. To son James Plant all his wearing apparel. Appoints as his executors his friends Peter Oliver of Sutton and Thomas ?Griste of Little Leigh. Will made 1 Aug 1727. Inventory totalling £31-14-2 provided ? 4 Jan. Proved 24 ?Juny 1728.
1728 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Daniel Plant, yeoman of Upton Magna, Shropshire.
** Will of Geoffrey Plant, husbandman of Sutton in Prestbury parish, Cheshire. To Hugh Broadhurst son of Thomas Broadhurst of Heaton £1; to Ann Maukin daughter of James Maukin within Liberty of Horton £1; residue to his wife Ellin Plant and heirs with Ellin also sole executrix with assistance of Isaac Gould of Dowell. Will made 5 March 1718. Inventory totalling £96-9-6. Proved at Cheadle 7 Nov 1728.
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Yarnfield, Staffordshire.
1728 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Johis or John Plant of Heathr, Leicestershire.
1728 will, probate index Worcestershire
* Will of Benjamin Plant of Rowley Regis, Worcestershire.
1727 wills, probate at Chester
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, spinster of Bartholomley, Cheshire.
** Will of John Plante, husbandman of The Bankhouse, Horton, Staffordshire. All to beloved wife Sarah on condition that she maintains his two children until age 0f 21 if she so lives. Executors to be wife Sarah and brother in law Thomas Hide of Leek. Will made 19 Aug 1727. Inventory totalling £115-11-0 made by Thomas Plant and Josiah Forde on 31 Aug 1727. Proved at Cheadle 12 Oct 1727.
1726 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Market Bosworth, Leicestershire.

Return to wills menu

1725-1701

33 records, 26 for males.

1725 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Beardmore Plant of Ridge, Standon, Staffordshire.
** Will of Matthew Plant, husbandman of Leek, Staffordshire. Attestation by Nathan Yates of Leel husbandman, Richard Boughley ? shoemaker and Daniel Morrice ? mentions 8 April 1725. Inventory totalling £13-18-0 dated 7 Nov 1724. Proved 8 April 1725 at Cheadle.
* Will of Robert Plant of Fenton Vivian, Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire.
1724 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of Thomas Plant of Widnes, Bury.
1724 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Margaret Plant, widow of Drayton in Hales, Shropshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Standon, Staffordshire.
1723 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant, miller of Darlaston, Staffordshire.
1722 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Ann Plant of Edensor, Derbyshire. To son Peter her parcel of land held by tenancy under the Duke of Devonshire; to son Michaell her chest; to daughter Alice her chest of drawers. Remainder to be divided between her six children. Executor to be John Whildon of Hardwick. Will made 16 Dec 1721. Proved at Chesterfield 17 Oct 1722.
1722 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant snr, labourer of Chidlington, Oxfordshire.
1721 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Anne Plant, spinster of Millmeece, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
* Will of Humphry Plant of Millmeece, Eccleshall, Staffordshire.
1720 will, Devon Index
* Will of John Ash Plant of High Bickington, Devon.
1719 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plant, yeoman of Blackshaw Moor, Leek, Staffordshire. Attestation by John Plant (?jnr) of Blackshaw Moor husbandman, James/Joan/Jonnie Plant of Kingsley husbandman and Thomas Devey of Leek husbandman. Inventory £9-0-0. Proved at Cheadle 15 Oct 1719.
1718 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant, vintner and weaver of Saint Botolf without Bishopgate, City of London.
1717 will, probate at Chester
** Will and Inventory of Edward Plant, yoeman of Mobberley, Cheshire. To son Thomas Plant chest in parlour; to daughter Tabatha chest of drawers plus 40 shillings to buy Easter hat and riding hood; to daughters Alice Plant and Rachel Plant money to value of aforesaid chest and chest of drawers divided equally; to wellbeloved wife Frances bed and bedding; to son Edward Plant his working day wearing apparel; to son Thomas Plant his best suit and some furniture. Provisions involving sums of £4 and £8 to wife and four of his children; Thomas, Alice, Rachel, and Tabatha. Executors to be his wellbeloved friends and neighbours James Arden gent of Sutton and Thomas Hobson gent of Buttley. Will made 25 April 1717. Inventory totalling £140-0-0. Proved 16 May 1717.
1715 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, spinster of Hoker, Leek, Staffordshire.
* Will of William Plant, yeoman, widower of Coton Milwich, Staffordshire.
1714 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Joseph Plant of Newborough Hanbury, Staffordshire.
** Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Hurdlowe, Leek, Staffordshire. Everything to sole executor his son Thomas Plant, including title, messuage, lands etc with continuance of lease granted by Frances Hollinghead of Ashenhurst, also including cattle, household stuff etc. Will made 10 Aug 1713. Inventory totalling £50-6-8. Proved 29 April 1714 at Cheadle.
1713 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Ellen Plant, single woman of Onecote in Leek parish, Staffordshire. To friend and assisitant John Lovatt of the Ford tenancy of her house, garden etc if her Lord and agent permit it. To James Cluelow the younger, son of James and Sarah, 40 shillings when he reaches age 21. To William Cooke of Onecott 2 shilligs 6 pence. To above Sarah Cluelow and Anne Millward all her household goods. Five shiilings each to above John Lovatt and Sarah How of the Ford. One shilling to each of Mary Thorley the younger, Elizabeth Haworth the younger, Mary Kent, Joane Sheldon. Residue to Ann Millward. Executor to be James Wardle of Onnecott. Will made 9 June 1713. Inventory totalling £15-13-8 provided on 17 Aug 1713 by John Hall, John Lovatt and Henry Thorley. Proved 24 Sept 1713 at Cheadle.
** Will of William Plant, yeoman of Stoneycliffe, Leek, Staffordshire. Includes disposal of £90 bond from his nephew William Plant of Stoneycliffe. To nephew John, son of brother Robert Plant £20. To nephew Richard, son of brother Robert Plant £20. To nephew Richard, son of brother Richard Plant £4 with further £10 for his brothers and sisters. To nephew William, son of brother Thomas Plantt £20. To Sarah wife of Thomas Whisstone £20. To Ann wife of Ralph Cleaton £2. To William and Richard sons of nephew Richard Plant £4. Bequest of 10 shillings each to William son of William Gent of Overhulme, to John Belfitt and wife, to vicar of Leek. To William son of nephew William Plant £40 (interest to make him a scholar and then whole upon reaching age 21). To John son of nephew William Plant £6. Residue and to be executor the said nephew William Plant of Carsual (sic). Will made 24 Sept 1713. Inventory totalling £132-2-6 provided 18 April 1713. Probate at Cheadle 24 Sept 1713. See full Transcript.
1711 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, miller of Drayton in Hales, Shropshire.
1709 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of James Plant, yeoman of The Meadows, Stonecliffe, Leek, Staffordshire. To loving kinsman William Plant of Stoneycliffe Yeoman all pieces and parcels of land called The Strines in parish of Alstonfield and all other land in Staffordshire subject to provisions for wife Sarah. Also to wife Sarah £20 and all household goods except large weighing scales etc. To Richard Plant of Leek Moor £20 and best suit. To son-in-law and daughter-in-law William and Mary Potts 40 shillings each. To the children of dead brother Richard Plant late of Foker £50 to be shared [see 1699 will for Richard Plant of Foker listing his children]. To Ralph Clayton £5. To kinsman John Plant of Horseylands in Leek parish £20. To Sarah Whiston £5. To Joseph Tatton all other wearing apparel. Residue and sole executor the aforesaid William Plant. Will made 1 June 1705. Inventory £160-12-6 supplied for 10 Jan 1708. Proved 19 April 1709 at Cheadle.
1708 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Innwood, Leek, Staffordshire. To be equally shared between his loving sister Mary Andrews and her children: Samuel Plant, Thomas Plant, Mary Plant, John Plant, Hannah Challinor and Martha Hide. Executor to be said John Plant. Will made 6 Dec 1704. Inventory totalling £21-0-0 taken 20 Feb 1707. Proved 15 April 1708 at Cheadle.
* Will of William Plant of Loxley, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.
1707 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Ann Plant, 'bachelor' of Benthead in Bradnop in parish of Leek Staffordshire. To brother William Plant 12 pence. To Elizabeth Tatton her mantay and petticoat. To Elizabeth ?Dirtstaff rest of money and clothes and goods; also to be Executor. Will made 30 June 1705. Inventory totalling £12-19-00 taken 6 Feb 1705. Proved 1 April 1707 at Cheadle.
** Will of John Plant, rector of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1707 will, probate at Chester
** Will and Inventory of James Plant Jnr, blacksmith of Wincle, Cheshire. To Ellen Lee £3. Subject to the maintenance of his father James Plant residue (including tools of trade) to be shared equally by his 3 brothers John, Joseph and Thomas Plant. Aforesaid 2 brothers John and Thomas Plant to be executors. Will made 7 Jun 1705. Inventory totalling £64-10-00 taken 20 Jun 1706. Proved 2 April 1707.
1705 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Paul Plant, baker of Bradbourne, Derbyshire.
1705 will, probate at Chester
* Inventory and Admon. of Laurence Plant husbandman of Hall Edge, Cheshire.
1704 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Edward Plant, husbandman of Trentham, Staffordshire.
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Yarnfield, Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1703 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Edward Plant, gentleman of Saint Andrew Holburn, Middlesex.
1702 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, yeoman of Swynnerton, Staffordshire.
1701 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of Joan Plant, widow of Peterborough.
1701 Lancashire Wills and Probate
* Will of Laurence Plant of Widdall in Elton, Bury.

Return to wills menu

Plants at and around Stony Cliff

Stoneycliffe Plants circa 1700
[For the possible relevance of these Williams to Branch A of the main Plant family, see
here]

Note: there is a 1438 charter from the abbot of Dieulacres granted to Richard Plant of Stonyclife to make an enclosure near a place called Lymgrene. There is also an early mention of Plants here in a 1567 will summarised below for Richard Plant of Stonycliff, mentioning his seven children.

Return to wills menu

1700-1676

53 records, 43 for males

1700 wills, probate in Lichfield (ED)
** Richard Plant yeoman of Foker in the parish of Leek Staffordshire (to the east of Upper Hulme) names children Richard, William, Dorothy, Elizabeth, John and wife Dorothy (ED). To son Richard a table and cupboard. To wife Dorothy some furniture and all personal estate, to go thereafter to 4 children Richard, William, Dorothy and Elizabeth equally. To son John £10. Wife Dorothy and son Richard to be sole executors. Will made 15 March 1699 (our 1700). Inventory totalling £194-16-6 suppled 17-25 March 1699 (our 1700). Proved 11 April 1700. Papers also include tuition bond (£200) by wife Dorothy and son Richard for the education of son William in his minority, also dated 11 April 1700 - see full Transcript and Translation of bond.
** Will proved April 11 1700 Thomas Plant of Whiteberch in the parish of Leek (Staffordshire), husbandman, names wife Elizabeth, son William, daughter Anne and a William Goodwin (ED). Will made 3 Jan 1699 (our 1700). To wife Elizabeth £3. Half year rent for tenement at Whiteberch £8-10-0 to landlord William Goodwin. Residue equally to wife Elizabeth, son William and daughter Anne. Elizabeth to be sole executrix. Inventory made 16 Jan 1699 (our 1700) totalling £51-17-6 less debts, funeral expenses, rent etc £19-12-2 leaving £32-5-4 made by Ralph Mountford and William Plant. Probate 11 April 1700 at Cheadull.
* Will made in 1699, proved April 26 1700. Thomas Plant of Little Harborough, Newbold on Avon, Warwickshire, husbandman names son Thomas Plant, daughter Anne Plant, daughter Elizabeth Plant (ED)
1699 will and inventory, probate at Chester (WKP)
** Will and inventory of Henry Plant, yeoman of Wincle (Macclesfield hundred, Cheshire). Names wife Mary and in same household Jofory, Edward. Also brothers Edward, James and Lawrence. Also Edward Bateman of Sutton and John Higgingbottom the younger of Sutton. Later adds Roger Pott of ?Hinktloam and Mary ?Musgrove.
1698 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Ellen Plant, widow of Burbidge, Hartington Derbyshire.
1698 attendee at Cambridge University (WKP)
* Attendee, John Plant amd.sizar at Jesus Cambridge, June 15, 1698 of Staffs, matric 1698, BA 1701-2, rector of Swynnerton, Staffs, 1704-7.
1697 will, probate in Lichfield (ED)
* Probate document 1697, no Will or inventory. Very short does not appear to mention family relationships. Relates to a Thomas Plant alias Harding of Swynnerton in Staffordshire [ED].
1697 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Sentence of Jana Phillips alias Plant of Saint Margaret Westminster, Middlesex. 13 Nov. 1697 [PROB 11/442/86]. * Allegation concerning will of deceased Jane Plant of Saint Margaret Westminster, Middlesex 15 Nov 1697 [PROB 18/24/151].
* Will of John Plant, mariner (gunner's mate) belonging to Mary of Rotherhithe, Surrey, 20 July 1697 [PROB 11/494/197] and 24 Dec 1697 [PROB 11/442/517].
1696 wills, probate in Lichfield (ED)
* Probate of Thomas Plant of Mill Street, Leek (Staffordshire), husbandman. Inventory and Probate proved 1696. No will. Partially in Latin but most readable. Does not mention any Plant family relations (ED).
** Will of John Plant of Stonycliffe in the parish of Leek (Staffordshire) husbandman. Names Richard Plant 'son of by brother Thomas', Ann Cleaton wife of Ralph Cleaton, five children of my brother Richard, brother Richard himself, brother William, my nephew John Plant son of brother Robert, Sarah Plant daughter of my brother Robert, William Plant junior my nephew is named executor (ED). To Richard son of brother Thomas Plant £6. To Ann wife of Ann Cleaton £6. To brother Richard Plant £13 and £25 to be divided between between 5 children: namely Richard, Elizabeth Plant, John, Dorothy Plant, William. To children of brother Robert Plant: John £40 and Sarah Plant £5. To brother William Plant £10 and residue to William Plant junior also to be sole executor. Will made 13 April 1996. Inventory totalling £144-2-6 taken 14 May 1696. Probate 23 Oct 1696.
1695 will, probate in Lichfield (ED)
** Will of William Plant, yeoman of the Bottom of the Frith in the parish of Leek [Leek Frith] in Staffordshire. He names his own brothers as Thomas Plant (£5), Joseph Plant (£5), Matthew Plant (£10) and Richard Plant with two of Richard's sons: John (£10), eldest son of Richard, and William Plant (£5), second son of Richard. He names his sisters Jani Wood (tenure of messuage lands, tenements etc) and Alice ?Healy and her daughter Mary ?Healy (40s); also a sister Sarah and her son Matthew Tomkisson (40s). He also names a nephew Samuel ?Gindly (40s), a sister Dorothy (no surname recorded) and her daughter Sarah (20s). Brother-in-law Thomas Wood to be executor (ED+JSP). Will made 20 June 1695, died 19 July, inventory totalling £10-13-0 taken 26 July, probate at Cheadle 11 Oct 1695.
1693 will, probate in Lichfield (ED)
** Will of Edward Plant of Heaton in Leek parish, Staffordshire. Inventory and probate of Edward Plant dated 1693. Edward is of Heaton, Staffordshire. Probate was granted to Anne Plant of Leek. [I can't be sure if her relationship to Edward is outlined or not in the document - ED]. Inventory for Edward Plant husbandman made by Thomas Buxton and Samuel Turnock totalling £83-5-? made 2 March 1692 (our 1693). Attestation by Ann Plant mentions Elizabeth Plant. Probate 24 April 1693 at Cheadull.
1692 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Lawrence Plant, husbandman of White House, Hartington Derbyshire.
1692 executors of a Buckinghamshire will transcribed here
* Will of Daniel Hooton of Ravenstone, Buckinghamshire mentions Edwd Plant the younger living at Skifton in county Northamptonshire, signed by Ed Plant Senr, Thomas Plant and the marke of Thomas Trulove.
1692 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Willim Plant of Swann Wigton, Leicestershire [presumable Wigston near Swannington]..
1691 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of Anthony Plant junior, gentleman of Northampton; also Canterbury court, 7 Jan 1690/91, bachelor deceased, admin to brother John Plant.
1691 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Elizabeth Plant, widow of London. 8 Aug 1691.
1690 will, Lancashire (WKP)
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Bury (Lancashire).
1690 wills, probate at Chester
** Will of Mary Plant, widow of Wilkesley [in central Cheshire Basin, see also 1683 will for Richard Plant of Wilkesley]. £25 for her funeral, to be buried in linen. Mentions in particular the family of her kinsman John Evans the Younger (£4 and £4 yearly) with his wife Elizabeth (Easter hat, 2 smocks, 2 sheets of linnen, bedsteads, table, dishes etc.) and their daughters Mary, Elizabeth and Rachel Evans (to share best feather bed and furniture except bed stands), also 20s apiece to daughters Mary and Dorothy Evans. To daughters Jane and Mary Evans of William Evans also 20s apiece. To Roger Church of ?Bolas 10s, Mary Horton that was my servant 10s, Mary Stanley of Wilkesley 2s 6d, Matha ?Basher 2s 6d. To 4 godchildren Mary Wilkinshaw, Mary ?Hocknell, Mary ?Twisser and Judith Timmis 40s apiece. To her servants 2s 6d apiece. To the poor of the parish of Audlem £5. To my kinsman Richard Thornton and his wife Amy all the residue of chattels etc. Executors to be William Poole the younger of Northwood and John Billings in county of Cheshire (plus £5 apiece). Will made 17 July 1684. No inventory. Probate 27 May 1690.
** Will and inventory of Edward Plant, yeoman of Butley (east Cheshire). Provision for beloved wife Anne Plant (cow, bed, bedding, etc and tennement or messuage lands etc in Butley). Son Edward Plant to have a set of silver buttons, cloak, belt, etc and messuage lands etc in Siddington. To kinsman and friend 5s to buy a pair of gloves and to be executor along with son Edward Plant. Will made ?7 Oct 16?8. Proved 24 May 1690.
1690 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of William Plant of Forest Hill, Oxfordshire.
1688 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Samuel Plant Snr, husbandman of Rushton Spencer in Leek parish of Staffordshire. To wife Ann Plant £6 yearly for life plus best bed, furniture, etc. To daughter Joane Godwin £20 mentioning her 5 children. To daughter Elizabeth £100 etc. To son Samuel rest of chattels etc and to be sole executor along with son-in-law ?Richard Godwin. Will made 20 July 1687. Inventory totalling £486-7-2 taken 14 April 1688. Proved 11 Oct at Cheadle.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Mapleton Derbyshire.
1689 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Martha Plant, widow of Upavon, Wiltshire.
1688 will, of Surrey and south London
* Mention of Elizabeth Plant in will of John Simms.
1686 will, probate at Chester
** Will and inventory of John Plant, husbandman of Gawsworth (Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire). To Sarah Cleaton, whilst unmarried, all chattels movable and immovable as Edward Fitton has promised not to remove her. To Edward Fitton living in the outer yard the tenements John enjoyed. Sarah Cleaton to be sole executor with John's kinsman Edward Gandy to assist her. Will made 4 March 1685. Inventory totalling £19-17-10 provided 18 March 1685. Proved 8 July 1685.
1685-6 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Richard Plant, butcher of Peterborough, Northamptonshire, 3 Oct 1685 [PROB 11/381/187] and Inventory 1686 [PROB 4/19810].
1685 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Richard Plant of Great Longstone Derbyshire.
** Will of Elizabeth Plant, widow of Leek, late of Leekfrith in Staffordshire. To son ?Mitt Plant beds, pillow, table stand etc. To 4 godchildren 2s 6d apiece. To daughters Ann ?Bueloe and Elizabeth ?Bueloe ?£12. To daughter Mary Plant wife of son Robert Plant £12. To daughter Mary Plant £3, best forks, white rug etc. Rest of goods, moneys, chattels etc to 2 daughters Ellen ?Vigours and Mary Plant equally. Daughter Mary Plant to be sole executrix. Will made 11 Dec 1684. Inventory totalling £52-9-4 presented 19 Jan 1684 (in Julian Calendar, legal year began 25 March, hence this is 1685 in Gregorian Calendar). Probate 4 Feb 1684-5.
1685 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of of John (or Joannis) Plant (also John Plant jnr) of Congerstone (or Corgeston), Leicestershire.
1684 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant, shepherd of Chadlington, Oxfordshire.
1683 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Samuel Plant, husbandman of Bradshaw in Leek parish of Staffordshire [Bradshaw farm is in the township of Longsdon]. To wife Marie Plant all goods, chattels household stuff and husbandry ware, keeping two youngest daughters, Hannah and Matha, until they are old enough to get their own living. Marie Plant to be sole executrix. Will made 29 Dec 1682. Inventory totalling £84-3-4 provided 1682-3 (i.e. 1683 in our modern calendar). Proved at Carswell 6 Jan 1682-3 (i.e. our 1683). Also includes bond of £200 for tuition of children Samuel, Thomas, John, Mary and Martha Plant being in their minority dated 23 March 1682 (our 1683); see Transcription and Translation.
** Will of Walter Plant of Uttoxeter, Alstonefield, Staffordshire. Proved 23 March 1682-3. Inventory totalling £35-3-10 made 17 Feb 1682-3. Attestation by his widow Elizabeth Plant dated 24 March 1683.
* Will of Thomas Plant, husbandman of Chelmorton, Bakewell Derbyshire.
1683 will, probate at Chester
** Will and inventory of Richard Plant, yeoman of Wilkesley [see also 1690 will for Mary Plant of Wilkesley]. £25 for funeral. All goods, chattels and personal estate to be divided equally in two parts: one to loving wife Mary; the other to kinsman Richard Wilson and his wife. The second part to be divided further equally in two: one half to their children Edwin, Mary and Margaret Willson. That is provided that wife Mary Plant shall have full use of household goods, husbandry implements, corn hay and cattle, not impairing the farm. To 2 sons and daughter of widow Mary ?Thirsgould of Wilkesley (John, William and Mary ?Thirsgould) £4 apiece. To kinsman Richard Wilson and wife £10. To Mary Thorneton, daughter of Richard Thorneton of ?Rodcott and Wilkesley £3. To godsons: Richard ?Cotton 10s, John Massey son of Rachel Massey 20s, John Poole son of William Poole 10s. To Roger Church of ?Bolas 10s. To 4 servants Hu Anderson, Samuel Whitehead, Elizabeth Poole and Ellinor Robinson 2s 6d apiece. To kinsman Robert Wilson of Marbury best suit of apparel. To Richard and Edward Wilson all rest of apparel. Executors (plus £5 apiece) to be William Poole the younger of Northwood and John Billings of Rodcott. Will made 11 Aug 1680, proved 13 Oct 1683.
1682 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Margaret Plant, widow of bottom of the Frith in Leek parish of Staffordshire. Mentions sons William, Joseph, Thomas, John Plant and daughters Sarah Tomkinson and Jane Plant, also a John Thornicliffe of Abbey Green. Son William Plant to be sole executor. Will made 14 March 1681 (?our 1682). Inventory totalling £46-4-0 made 6 April 1682 (signed William Plant and William ?Wohhid; same distinctive signature for William Plant as on the inventories of the ?apparently ?unrelated 1679 will of Robert Plant of Middlehulme and 1677 will of Thomas Plant of Leekfrith, where stated to be that of William Plant of Stoneycliffe). Proved 24 Oct 1682.
1681 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas Plant, innkeeper of Leek Staffordshire. To son Ezra Plant £40. To brother John Plant £12. Residue to be divided equally between wife Jane Plant, and 2 daughters Jane and Elizabeth Plant. Wife Jane and Richard ?Malkai of ?Homsborough to be executors. Will made 17 April 1681. Attestation by wife Jane in consideration of lawful children Ezra, Jane and Elizabeth. Inventory totalling £271-12-00 dated 25 April 1681. Proved 29 September 1681 at Carswell.
** Will of Thomas Plant, cordwainer of Stone Staffordshire. Attestation by his brother Edward Plant of Yarnfield in the parish of Swynnerton. Inventory £17-12-8. Proved 31 March 1681.
1681 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of George Plant, husbandman of Forrest Hill, Oxfordshire.
1680 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Samuel Plant, yeoman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1680 will, probate in Lichfield
** Papers of Margaret Davenport alias Plant, of Leek, Staffordshire. Bond of £80 by Radulphus Davenport late husband of Margaret Davenport alias Plant of Leek to Reverend Hathor. Dated 15 June 1680. Proved 17 June 1680. [The name Davenport appears also in above 1775 and 1744 wills].
* Will of William Plant, miner of Great Longstone Derbyshire.
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Mucklestone, Shropshire [about 4 miles ENE from Market Drayton].
1679 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Robert Plant, husbandman of Middlehulme, Leek Staffordshire. To loving wife Elizabeth all household goods. To sons William and Robert equal shares of husbandry ware. To grandchild Elizabeth Johnson one little ?finished ?shirt. To 2 daughters, one married and Elizabeth Johnson and Anne Plant 1s. To his wife Elizabeth the two fields next to his house ar Middlehulme and one croft called Smithy Croft and all rest of tennements to 2 sons William and Robert paying £4 yearly to each of his daughters Ellin and Mary. All rest of goods cattle an chattels: half to wife and a quarter each to 2 sons William and Robert Plant. Wife Elizabeth and son William to be joint executors. Will made 15 March 1678 (our 1679). Inventory totalling £168-8-10 made 17 April 1679 (signed William Plant, John Cartwright, George Bagnall; same distinctive signature for William Plant as on the inventories of the ?apparently ?unrelated 1683 will for Margaret Plant and of the 1677 will for Robert where stated to be that of William Plant of Stoneycliffe). Proved 19 June 1679. Attestation for Elizabeth Plant widow and executrix of testament of Robert Plant by George Roads ?vicar of Leek, made 23 July 1679.
1679 Prerogative Court of Canterbury
* Will of Thomas Plant, chapman of Banbury, Oxfordshire, 15 Feb 1679.
* Will of Thomas Plant, admin to Elizabeth Plant, widow of Lambeth, Surrey 11 Feb 1678/9.
1678 Inheritance Disputes Index
* Plant v Showsrnith, Grays Inn, Middlesex.
1677 will, probate at Chester
** Will and inventory of John Plant, yeoman of Bosley. Will names sons John and James Plant and daughter Ellin Leigh; son James to be executor. Will made 1 June 1668. Inventory totalling £12-4-2 made 13 May 1676. Proved 5 May 1677.
1677 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Leekfrith, Leek Staffordshire. Inventory totalling £42-10-8 dated 27 Nov 1675 signed by William Plant of Stoneycliffe and mark of John Plant of Stoneycliffe and 2 others (distinctive signature of William Plant same as on inventories of 1692 will for Margaret and 1679 will for Robert, here stated to be William Plant of Stoneycliffe). Bond (£80) dated ?1 April 1676 by widow Jane Plant attesting a full inventory, at least to be finalised by 30 April 1677. Proved (mentioning widow Jane Plant and apparently a son Richard Plant) 11 April 1676.
* Will of Matthias Plant, blacksmith of Swynnerton Staffordshire.
1676/7 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Stephen Plant, yeoman of Stone Staffordshire.
* Will of James Plant, cordwainer of Newcastle under Lyme Staffordshire.

Return to wills menu

Scheme for an early Plant family at Red Earth

Redearth Plants circa 1675

From British History Online. By the later 16th century there were two houses at Redearth, of which only one survives. Rebuilt in the 17th century, that house has a third storey with windows evidently inserted to provide light for weaving; in 1666 the house was occupied by a weaver, John Plant.

From Sleigh's book A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek. A 1504 deed mentions Lawrence Plont of Red Earth, earlier than the 1591 will summarised below for Christopher Plant of Red Earth. See also 1588 wills for Red Earth below.

Return to Wills menu

1675-1651

24 records, 18 for males.

1674 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of George Plant, yeoman of Newton, Gresley Derbyshire.
1674 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Philipp Plant, chirurgeon (surgeon) at present belonging to His Majesty's Ship Mightingale of London, 3 Feb 1674 [PROB 11/344/135].
1673 inventory at Chester
* Inventory of Ann Plant, widow of Gawsworth.
1672 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of Richard Plant senior, butcher of Peterborough.
1671 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant, husbandman of Witchurch Shropshire.
** Will of Joan Plant, widow of Redearth in Leek parish, Staffordshire. To sons Thomas, Lawrence and Samuel Plant equal thirds of all husbandry ware and some furniture. Furniture and monies allotted to daughters Alice Cossell wife of Nicholas Cossell (40s), daughter Joane Plant (1s) and her two sons (10s), Margaret ?Turnock wife of Thomas Turnock (4s) and their daughter (20s and furniture). To John Loe (20s) and her grandchildren Thomas and Joan Loe (each 10s). Appreciable furniture to daughter Mary Plant. Son Samuel Plant and daughter Mary Plant residue and to be Executors. Attestation by said Mary Plant of Heaton concerning will on 3 April 1671 of her late mother Joane Plant widow of Redearth to transfer all administration rights to her brother Samuel Plant yeoman of Lower Tittesworth, dated 3 Oct 1671. Inventory for late Joan Plant of Redearth in the frith of Leek totalling £74-11-?? made by Matthew Lownes yeoman of Redearth and Samuel Clowes in the frith of Leek dated 20 May 1671. Proved 11 Oct 1671. [Redearth also in wills of yeomen Thomas Plant in 1732, 1665, 1659, 1588 and John Plant in 1637 and 1666; also widow Joan 1671 and widow Margaret 1637; Christopher 1591; Lawrence]. [Tittesworth lies between Stony Cliff and Leek town and is mentioned also in connection with Plant wills of this in 1671, also 1665, 1584, 1576, 1556, 1537/38].
1671 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant, Gentleman of Prestwich, Lancashire, 13 Jan 1671 [Prestwich is about 5 miles south of Bury, cf 1690 will above].
* Inventory of Thomas Plant, Gentleman of St Clemens, Middlesex, 17Jan 1671 [PROB 4/14036].
1670 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plant, yeoman of Stoneycliffe in the parish of Leek Staffordshire. Mentions 6 sons: William, James, Robert, Thomas, John and Richard Plant, John and Richard said to be the two youngest. Also beloved wife Alice Plant. Mentions daughters: Alice Fallowes wife of William Fallowes of Leek; Elizabeth Mellor. Also son-in-law (sic) Henrie Plant. Executors to be said John Plant and Richard Plant. Will made 10 Nov 1668; proved 5 July 1670.
1670 Inheritance Disputes Index
* Plant v Gray, Lincoln Inn Fields, Middlesex.
1667 Doctor of Divinity by diploma (WKP)
* Awardee Francis Plant. D.D. by diploma, 5 July 1667, pastor of the church at Breda (Netherlands) and hebrew professor in the Aurangian college there.
1666 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plant, weaver of Redearth in Leek parish of Staffordshire. Mentions mother Ann Plant, brother-in-law John Toft, brother Thomas Plant and ?cosin Laurence Plant. John Toft and said Laurence Plant to be executors. Will made 2 Nov 1666. Inventory totalling £27-17-00 provided by Samuel Plant John Buxton and Peter Lownes on 8 Dec 1666. Probate 11 Dec 1666.
1665 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Redearth in parish of Leek in Staffordshire. Memorandum that on or about August 1664 the now deceased Thomas Plant willed the following. To Margaret Plant his servant, 2 cows and 1 bed. Joan Turnock his sister's daughter other goods. To sister Mary Plant 1 cow. Residue to be divided equally between his sisters Alice Cossall, Sarah Watson, Joan Plant, Margaret Turnock and Mary Plant and also his sister's son John Loe. This was sworn by word of mouth by Jane ?Dowase, also mentioning Mary Plant alias Cossal of Yoxall [about 35 miles away near Burton-on-Trent] and Nicholas Cossall husbandman, dated July 1665 at Lichfield. Formal attestation by Alice Plant lawfull sister of Thomas Plant: Alice Cossall of Yoxall and Nicholas Cossall husbandman of Yoxall, dated July 1665. Inventory of 16 June 1665 totalling £103-11-06 provided by Lawrence Plant of Leekfrith, Samuel Plant of Tittesworth, William Harrison of Overhulme and Samuel Clowes of Rudierd (sic). Probate 7 July 1665.
1664 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Jane Plant, spinster of Atlow, Bradbourne, Derbyshire [presumably the Atlow near Ashbourne].
1664 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Katherine Plant of Lockington, Leicestershire.
1663 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Joan Plant, widow of Chippenham, Wiltshire.
1662 Atendees at Oxford and Cambridge Universities (WKP)
* Attendee Robert Plant, son of John of Toddenham, Co. Gloucester, pleb. Goucester Hall, Oxford, matric 3 Dec. 1662, aged 16.
* Attendee John Plant, Adm sizar (age 18) at Christs, Cambridge, 25 May 1662. Son of George, born at Gresley, Derbyshire. School Repton matric 1662, BA 1665, MA 1669, Ordained deacon Lichfield (Staffordshire), March 1665-6, priest Feb. 1666-7.
1662 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of William Plant of Lockington, Leicestershire.
1662 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of John Plant (Senior), glover of Chippenham, Wiltshire.
1661 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Joan Plant, widow of Bandmansbent [location unknown] in Alstonefield parish of Staffordshire. Will made 1655: to be buried in church or churchyard of Alstonefield; to brother John £12; to sister Ann £12; residue to Nicholas Nadin son of Robert Nadin of Bandmansbent who also to be executor. Probate 27 Sept 1661 at Carswell.
1659 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant the elder of Redearth in Leek parish, Staffordshire. Will made 13 April 1650: bequeathals to son Laurence Plant (£?), son Samuel Plant (£15), daughter Alice ?Cossal (£1), daughter Joan Plant (?s), daughter Mary Plant (£15), to John and Joan Loe children of Thomas Loe (20s also £4), to ? (70s), to daughter Margaret Tunnock (3s), to Thomas Tunnock (?s), to John Watson (£1), to Thomas ?Linsbury (?), residue to wife Joan Plant she also to be executrix, in witness of Laurence Plant and Samuel Clowes. Probate at London dated 20 May 1659.
* Will of Osmund Plant, yeoman of Stalbridge, Dorset, 13 Feb 1659.
1654 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plante or Plant, mill engine man of Radcliffe upon Soare, Nottinghamshire, 30 May 1654.
1653 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Thomas Plant of Banbury, Oxfordshire, 29 June 1653.

Return to wills menu

Locations of 17th-century wills

The locations of 16th-century Plant wills are discussed in some detail in a further section below. The 17th-century locations shown here are for Plants at some similar locations, as well as for some others who evidently migrated further afield.

The sizes of the green circles in the following maps indicate the number of Plant wills in the 17th century at each location with the date indicating the first known instance of a Plant will there. The darkness of the brown background indicates the fraction of the population that are Plants in each county in 1881. The expanded map portion to the left shows the main Plant homeland of Staffordshire in more detail.

Map of 17th-century Plant wills
    [Graphic produced using ArcGIS by Prof Richard E Plant]

A point of note is that the locations of nearly all of the Plant wills that lie to the north of Leek, as shown in the two maps above, are almost all dated to after the Civil War. The only exceptions are at Wincle (1639) and Sutton (1626) which are just over the county boundary into Cheshire.

Civil War (1642-51). During the War, fighting was active near Leek, during 1642-44, and continued elsewhere in Staffordshire until 1648. The War might have affected the status and locations of northerly Plants. Though evidently not established enough to have wills, there were already occasional earlier records for the Plant name to the north and east of Leek.

They were already as far north in Cheshire as Rainow by 1383; as far east as Bakewell by 1538 and Great Longstone by 1640 which are both in north Derbyshire. There was also, further to the north, a 1606 baptism at Manchester Cathedral, which was in Lancashire.
After the War, it appears that Plants were better established to the north with, for example, known wills at Prestwich (1671) and Bury (1690) in Lancashire. Though clearly not a sole driver of migration, the Civil War could have played some role in the name's relocation and spread. Jumping off points to the north could have included the apparent early main Plant homeland, around Leek. Other early wills for before the War were further to the south [see also 16th-century wills map].

Conflict near Leek Some of the context of local Plants in their most populous homeland relates to the Edge family of Horton Hall, with whom a Plant had earlier inter-married. The Edge family was split across both sides of the fighting during 1642-44. John Edge, the second son, fought for the King while his younger brother Timothy was a Roundhead. On their father's death in 1647, John would have been entitled to Horton property but, being a delinquent royalist, it was Timothy (ca.1618-83 ob.s.p) who continued to live with his sisters at Horton becoming Justice of the Peace for the county in 1653; and, no later than 1654, a member of the County Commission for dealing with the Estates of Delinquent Royalists. [HHH pp 55-69, 132]

Horton Hall
Horton Hall
HHH = J E Moxon, The History of Horton Hall in the County of Stafford (Churnet Valley Books, 1997)

Consideration of the location of Horton Hall clarifies more of the conflicting local loyalties. Leek town was 3 miles to its east and was Parliamentarian; Biddulph Hall was just over 3 miles to its west and was Royalist, as also was Swythalmy Hall 5 miles to the north near Heaton. [A roughly contemporary map of places] Though Mr Biddulph was described on 5 Aug 1642 as a great papist, Biddulph Hall was captured by the Roundheads in 1644. [HHH pp21-22]

A local Plant linked to the Edge family A 1588 will (below) for Laurence Plant of Leek mentions his brother-in-law Richard Edge to act as proctor for his widow Elizabeth and as tutor (along with another kinsman Richard Gardener) for his underage children, Elizabeth and William. At that time, a Richard Edge (ca.1518-92) was the title holder of Horton Hall. In the various versions of the pedigree for the Edge family, no sister Elizabeth is mentioned but, for this and seven earlier generations, only males with some wives appear. [HHH p132]

Some caution is needed in that there were one or more other men called Richard Edge living at Horton around these times who are not included in any version of the Edge pedigree 'though they were undoubtedly related to the family'. [HHH p51] In the Manor Court on 17th May 1571, Richard Edge had been attorney to a Christopher Malkin and this Richard is listed in the book HHH with the assumption that he is the Richard who held Horton Hall: this hence seems to imply that the proctor (attorney) who was Lawrence Plant's brother-in-law, in 1588, was one and the same Richard Edge. [HHH p47] This Richard's grandson, namesake, and successor was about 20 years old when he succeeded to the Hall in 1592, suggesting that he was likely too junior to be the named proctor four years earlier to the widow Elizabeth Plant. [HHH p49]

Some Plants nearby to Horton [A later map of some local places] There were a number of local Plant wills near to Horton, leading up to the fighting of 1642-4.

These included ones at Rudyard (1633), Redearth (1637) and Heaton (1640).
The aforesaid 1640 will is for a William Plant of Heaton and this William was apparently landless, as judged by his description as a husbandman. A William Plant had bought a half share of Heaton Quarter in 1614 and sold it in 1631. [A roughly contemporary map of Leek Quarters]

Status or occupation is not always mentioned in Plant wills. However, a yeoman is generally taken to mean a landholder and there is explicit mention nearby of two Plants with the title yeoman, during 1591-1640 leading up to the Civil War.

These two local Plants (with dated wills) were at Redearth (1591) and Lowe in Leek parish (1625). This title at this time occurs otherwise for Plants further afield: Oxfordshire (1594, 1620); Yarnfield nearer mid Staffordshire (1598, 1616); Warwickshire (1602); Northamptonshire (1625); Shropshire (1628); Derbyshire (1638).
After the War during 1651-90, the title of yeoman is found somewhat more to the north.
It is mentioned in four local Plant wills: at Redearth (1665), Stoneycliffe (1670), Lower Titesworth (1671), Leekfrith (1677). Over the border to the north into Cheshire, there are now three mentions: at Bosley (1677), Wilkesley (1683), Butley (1690). To the south, nearer mid Staffordshire the title yeoman occurs at Stone (1676); and, further south, now only in Dorset (1659), Derbyshire (1674), and Oxfordshire (1690).
Though this evidence might be skewed by missing records, it suggests at face value, at least, that Plants after the War began to fare better to the north.

Return to Wills menu

1650-1626

23 records, 19 for males.

1650 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of George Plant, yeoman of Winthorpe, Lincolnshire, 6 Nov 1650.
1649 will and inventory, probate at Chester
** Will and inventory of Justice Plant, husbandman of Henbury [east Cheshire]. Will made 1648 mentions wife Margot (sic), daughter Emma to be brought up with mother. Also his sister's son Edward ?Sorbely, Ellen his half sister and unnamed stepmother and brother-in-law. Inventory totalling £40-5-4 plus debts of £24-3-4 provided by Edward Downe, George Loe, George Borges, William Pimlote, dated 24 Aug 1645. Probate
1647-8 wills, probate at Chester (WKP)
** Will and inventory of Randle Plant, husbandman of Gawsworth (Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire). Will dated ? Feb 1646 (our 1647): mentions wife Ann Plant, two children John Plant and one and only daughter Ann Plant, also son Randle Plant, brother Edward Plant of Siddington, unnamed children of his first wife. Inventory 24 Aug 1647. Proved 21 January 1647 (our 1648).
** Will, admon and inventory of Edward Plant, husbandman [inventory says yeoman] of Siddington (east Cheshire). Will dated 9 Jan 1637 (our 1638): mentions sons Edward and Randul Plante (also to be executors), daughters Ann Plante and Margaret ?, grandchildren David and Mary. Inventory totalling £73-3-4 provided by William Strawbridge, Leonard ?Halford, Edward ? and George Lowe of Siddington, dated 8 July 1641. Attestation by Anne Plante of Siddington in Jan 1647 (our 1648).
1645 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of John Plant, servant to His Excellency the Earl of Essex, 24 March 1645 (3rd earl, 8th creation).
1641 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Mary Plant, widow of Saint Leonard Eastcheap, city of London, 17 March 1641.
1640 will(s), probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plant, husbandman of Heaton, Leek, Staffordshire [difficult handwriting]. Will made ? June 1640: mentions eldest son Thomas Plante, Thomas Mellor husband of my daughter Ann, sons Laurence Plante and William Plante. Inventory totalling £83-12-5 dated 23 June 1640. Probate 3 Sep 1640.
1639 inventory at Chester
** Inventory only of Lawrence Plant of Wincle (Macclesfield Hundred, Cheshire). Inventory totalling £49-8-8 dated ? 0ct 1638 made by Ralph ?Gardner, James Plant and Francis ?Oldfield.
1638 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Henry Plant senior, yeoman of Newton, Gresley Derbyshire. Probate 6 Nov 1638. [Act Book folio 262].
1638 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of Johis Plant (or John Plante) of Swannington, Leicestershire.
1637 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Margaret Plant, widow of Readearth, Leek Staffordshire. Summary listing only [see Translation]: mentions son and executor Laurence Plant, other son and executor John Plant being dead. Probate 17 Oct 1637.
** Will of John Plant of Readearth, Leek Staffordshire. Will made 18 Oct 1637: some goods to two sons; rest of goods to wife Anne bringing up children; also mentions brothers Roger Plante and Laurence Plante; witnessed by John Clowes and Samuell Plante. Inventory totalling £62-12-6 made by ?nephew ? Thomas Plante and Samuel Clowes, dated 22 Oct 1637. Probate 27 Oct 1637. Summary listing [see second page of Translation]: notes that the testament of the late John Plant was sworn by his widow and executrix Anne Plant before Francis Bowyer clerk, vicar of Leek; adds that the education of deceased's lawful children - Ellen, John, Jane, Anne and Thomas Plant - being under age, and adminstration of their goods, during their minority, was committed to the said widow Anne Plant of Readearth.
* Will of William Plant, husbandman of Swadlingcote, Gresley Derbyshire. Probate 4 Apr 1637.
1636 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Martin Plant, merchant of London, 18 Nov 1636.
1633/4 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Lawrence Plant of Rudyard, Leek, Staffordshire. Will made 30 Dec 1633: bequeathals to Thomas Rudyard; the poor of the frith of Leek; John Woods and Katherine his wife; William ?Brandreth; sons Thomas Plant, Laurence Plant, John Plant, Roger Plant; daughter Ellen Clowes wife of Samuel Clowes of Rudiard; Ellen Plant daughter of son Roger Plant; daughters of son Richard Plant namely Mary Plant and Elizabeth Plant; wife Margaret Plant; aforesaid Samuel Clowes of Rudiard and aforesaid son Thomas Plant to be executors; witnessed by Thomas Plant and Roger Plant. Inventory totalling £105-3-2 provided 2 Jan 1634. Probate dated 13 Jan 1633-4 (our 1634) mentions: Samuel Clowes of Rudiard; Mary, Ellen and Elizabeth Plant; Roger Plant of Heywall grange [cf. Hyghwalgrange 1464 SHC IV NS 135, Heywall Grange 1655 PCC, apparently Heywood Grange near Dilhorne 10 miles to the south: place-name reference Horovitz, David (2003) A survey and analysis of the place-names of Staffordshire. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham].
1633 will, probate in Lichfield
** Probate for Thomas Plant, husbandman of Alstonefield [parish] Staffordshire, dated 11 Nov 1633. Will describes him as Thomas Plant of Hoarse Clough [unlocated but probably on the north west side of Hollinsclough – reference Horovitz, David (2003) A survey and analysis of the place-names of Staffordshire, PhD thesis, University of Nottingham] in the parish of Alstonefield. Will made 17 Sept 1633: to be buried in Alstonefield church; mentions ?brother's son Robert Plant (best doublet and shirt), sister's son Richard ? (best breeches etc), John Plant of the ?Bachin Booth (second suit etc), Jane Plant widow ?, wife Katherin residue and to be executrix. Inventory dated ?17 Oct 1633 totalling £28-3-2 plus £8-4-0 of debts made by Francis Naden, Francis Thaxman, William ?Dundir, Thomas Naden.
1633 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Matthew Plant, husbandman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1628/9 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plant, yeoman of Sheriffhales, Shropshire. Inventory dated 26 Nov 1628, mentions John Plant of Sheriffhales in the county of Stafford (sic). Admin mentions Isabella Plante. Probate 12 Jan 1628/9 (our 1629). [Under Plannte at Find my Past].
1628 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plaunte of Stone, Staffordshire. [4 July 1628, under Plaunts in FindMyPast].
1626 will and inventory at Chester
** Will and inventory of James Plant, husbandman of Sutton (east Cheshire). Will of James Plant of Sutton ?singleman dated 9 Aug 1626: bequeathals to John Clowes of ?Hishon in county of Staffordshire (£4); £20 concerning reputed son John Plant alias ?Broster (Ellin ?Broster being mother) and tuition involving James's two sisters Jane Plant and Margaret Plant also Phillip Bateman; Francis Heginbotham alias Plant (£4); Ann Plant daughter of his sister Margaret Plant (£4); godson James (6s 8d); James Plant of Bosley for remission of 5s 6d debt; Elizabeth Plant daughter of James Plant (8s); John Plant son of James Plant (5s); 3 children of John Plant; Phillip Bateman and Laurence Plant; to John Plant alias Broster an item in James Plant's house in Bosley; residue of chattles, cattle and goods movable and immovable to two sisters Jane Plant and Margaret Plant; executors to be Phillipp Bateman and Lawrence Plant; witnesses Philipp Bateman, Laurence Plant, Jane Plant, Edward Warrington. Inventory dated 21 Sept 1626 made by James ?Ley and James Plant; list of debtors includes James Plant his son and Henry Plant.
1626 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Ellen Plant of Swynnerton, Staffordshire [listing only]. [Act Book Only folio 13].
1626 Attendee at Oxford University (WKP)
* Attendee Matthew Plant, son of Thomas of Dichford, Co. Worcestershire, pleb, Hart Hall, Oxford, matric 24 Nov. 1626 aged 17. [Dichford is presumably Ditchford in Blockley, cf 1595 will below, see here for Worcester place names].
1626 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of Myrian Plant.

Return to wills menu

1625-1601

19 records, 18 for males.

1625 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Anthony Plant. yeoman of Morton Pinckney, Northamptonshire, 9 Feb 1625.
1625 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Agnes Plant of Chippenham, Wiltshire.
1623 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Johannis (or John) Plant yeoman of Lowe in Leek parish of Staffordshire. Will made 14 Sep 1623: to ?Charles Rudyard £2-15s and ?clothes; to son Laurence Plant £8; residue to ?grandchild William Plant; witnessed William Plant ?elder, Nicholas Plant and Margery ?. Probate 11 Nov 1623. [Act Book folio 208b].
1621 wills, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Shackerston or Shaxton, Leicestershire.
* Will of Johes Plant of Sparkeston, Leicestershire.
1620 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Nicholas Plant, yeoman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire, 9 Nov 1620 [PROB 11/136/412].
1620 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plant of Shakerston or Shaxton, Leicestershire.
1620 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Richard Plant, husbandman of Forrest Hill, Oxfordshire.
1619 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Richard Plant husbandman of the Hollinhouse [location unknown in this parish though Hollinsclough, at the north of Alstonefield parish, is between its regions of Quarnford and Longnor] in the parish of Alstonefield, Staffordshire. Will made 9 Aug 1617: mentions wife Elizabeth, son Robert and daughter Alice; also mentions sons of William Bullock; son Robert Plant to be executor. Inventory made 10 April 1619 by William Bullock, Thomas Hulme the younger and two others. Probate signed by Robert Plant junior; listed probate summary, dated 16 April 1619, mentions Robert Plant. [Act Book folio 5b].
1616 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas (or Thome or Thos) Plante of Swynnerton, Staffordshire. Inventory of Thomas Plante, yeoman of Yarnfield made 10 April, 10 James I (1616). Probate 11 April 1616 admin Ellenor Plante relict. [Act Book Admin foliko 165b].
1616 Attendee at Cambridge University (WKP)
* Attendee William Plant, matric sizar from Queens Cambridge, Easter 1661, of Derbyshire. Perhaps vicar of Lockington Leicestershire 1647-62, Died June 4 1662, MI at Lockington, Will (Leicester) 1662.
1614 Atendee ot Oxford University (WKP)
* Attendee Edward Plante, subscribed 4.11.1614, BA from Wadham College 8th May 1618. MA 25th June, 1621, Rector of Kiddlington (5 miles north of Oxford).
1614 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plant of Duncow Grove in parish of Alstonefield, Staffordshire. Probate note dated 6 Sept 1614 mentions Elizabeth Plant relict. [Act Book Admin folio 90b].
1611 Inventory at Chester
** Inventory of William Plant dated 4 Oct 1611. Also a list of debts.
1610 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of Crescent Plant, husbandman of Marston Trussell.
1609 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Edward Plont the younger, husbandman of Dun Cow's Grove [1 mile west of Hollinsclough and 3 miles south of Brandside] in parish of Alstonefield, Staffordshire. Will made ?7 Aug 1609: to be buried in churchyard of Alstonefield; mentions wife Joane and daughter Margaret; executors to be wife Joane and brother-in-law Richard Annefield; overseers to be Thomas Redfearne of Fawfieldhead [1.5 miles SW of Longnor] and Thomas Plont of Fawside [1 mile SE of Hollinsclough]; witnesses include Thomas Plont; debts include to brother William Plont. Inventory made by Richard Plant, Thomas Redfearne and 2 others. Probate 26 Aug 1609.
1605 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Humphey (or Humfridi) Plante of Aston in parish of Stone, Staffordshire. Will made 21 July 1605: mentions wife Bridgette Plante, daughter Agnes Plante, son John Plante, daughter Elizabeth Plante to be divided equally and paid upon coming of age. Inventory dated 29 Oct 1605. Probate 19 Nov 1605. [Act Book folio 182].
1604 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plants or Plante of Kingsley [?near Cheadle], Staffordshire. Inventory dated 25 May 1604. Probate 1 June 1604. [Act Book Admin folio 138b].
1602/3 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Johanis (or John) Plante, yeoman of Fletchamsted [near Coventry], Warwickshire. Will made 11 Sep 1602: to be buried in the churchyard of Stonely [evidenly Stoneleigh, also mentions Stanton apparently Stoney Stanton, both near Coventry]; mentions brother Francis Plant; also (?his previous) wife Alice and son; his now (sic) wife Jane Plant and son John Plant for residue and to be joint executors, brother Francis Plant to be overlord. Probate 1 Feb 1602/3 (our 1603). [Act Book folio 101b]. [Note: in the Common Pleas, there is a Thomas Plant at Coventry (20 miles from Birmingham) in 1490 (mentioning Meriden, 12 Miles from Birmingham) and a Richard Plant at Coventry in 1508].

Return to wills menu

Locations of 16th-century wills

The band of 16th-century Plant wills across the northern edge of Staffordshire corresponds closely with the locations of Audley estates around the year 1300 [estates shown by orange squares in right hand map below]. An orange square further south shows that the Audleys also held an estate near Stone around where there is also a cluster of Plant wills. These Audley lands, shown here for Staffordshire, correspond closely with the map further below showing the 16th-century locations of Plant wills.

Feudal estates around Staffordshire
[An Historical Atlas of Staffordshire, ISBN 978 07190 7706 7 hardback, pages 54-55]

Though not shown above, the Audleys also held Great Saredon Woods earlier in the 13th century, which is close to the Plant will at Penkridge – this is shown as Penkridge 1551 further to the south in Staffordshire on the map below. Also in connection with this map of 16th-century Plant wills, the county of Shropshire is shown to the west and the Audleys held Redcastle near Market Drayton as well as the Manor of Edgmond – these Audley estates coincide with the two locations of 16th-century Plant wills shown for that county.

The sizes of the green circles in the following maps indicate the number of Plant wills in the 16th century at each location with the date indicating the first known instance of a Plant will there. The darkness of the brown background indicates the fraction of the population that are Plants in each county in 1881. The expanded map portion to the left shows the main Plant homeland of Staffordshire in more detail.

Map of 16th-century Plant wills
    [Graphic produced using ArcGIS by Prof Richard E Plant]

The above coincidences of Audley estates with some early Plant wills add credance to the hypothesis that the Audleys were feudal lords over the Plants. For some other locations of the 16th-century Plant wills, however, some more secondary connections to the Audleys need to be considered.

The Plant will at Tamworth 1558 in south east Staffordshire is in the region of some estates of the Ferrers earls of Derby. The will at Gresley in Derbyshire is just over the boundary from the base at Tutbury (Staffordshire) of these Ferrers earls. Also the locations of the 16th-century Plant wills at Wirksworth and Ashbourne (Derbyshire) coincide with the fact that these additional two manors were granted to the Ferrers earls during the reign of King John (1199-1216). The will shown at Grendon (Warwickshire) was around 5 miles from the aforementioned Tamworth.

The Lancastrians inherited these Ferrers estates in 1269 (as indicated for Staffordshire in the left hand map near the beginning of this section, above the map of the 16th-century wills). The aforesaid locations of 16th-century wills can thereby be connected to the Audley family in so far as there is a link through Nicholas, 3rd Baron Audley of Heleigh. Though he died childless in 1351, he had married (1345) Elizabeth Beaumont (ca.1320-1400), the sister of Isabella of Beaumont, who was the mother of both Maud Countess of Leicester and Blanche Duchess of Lancaster. Their lands, including those of Ferrers and Leicester, then passed to the 1st Duke of Lancaster, John of Gaunt (b 1340) who died in 1399 at Leicester castle.

An earlier possible connection of the Longspée-Audley hypothesis to Leicester and Ferrers lands is that Eggington (Derbyshire) is just 5 miles east of Tutbury. The Lord of Eggington, Wakelin de Ferrers (ca.1136-89), was a son of the second Ferrers Earl of Derby and he married Goda de Toeni (1140-72) who was likely the aunt of Ida de Tosny, the mother of William Longspée (ca.1176-1226). Moreover, Ida's likely mother was Margaret of Beaumont, Lady Margaret of Leicester, daughter of Sir Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester.

By the 16th century, it seems likely that not all migrations of the Plant name were directly tied to the lands of their early feudal lords, even amongst those Plants with property enough to make a will. For some more nebulous connections to the earlier Longspée-Audley hypothesis (unsure by this time), the 16th-century Plant will shown in the map above at Rushall (Wiltshire) is located at under 20 miles north of Salisbury where the feudal lord William Longspée (ca.1176-1226) of the Longspée-Audley hypothesis had been earl. The Plant will, at Blockley in Goucestershire, was around 30 miles west of the seat of Hugh Audley, the 1st Baron of Stratton Audley, whose son, Hugh junior (ca.1289-1347), became Earl of Gloucester through marriage. The remaining will location at Great Bourton (Oxfordshire) was under 20 miles NNW from Stratton Audley.

Return to wills menu

1600-1576

18 records, 15 for males.

1600 will, Wiltshire, court of Salisbury
* Will of Osmund Plant of Rushall, Wiltshire.
1599 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plante of Leek Staffordshire. Inventory of Wlliam Plant of ?Stone Cliffe. Probate 3 Aug 1599. [Act Book Admin folio 7b].
1599 will, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plaunt of Colventon, Leicestershire.
1598 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plant of Swynnerton, Staffordshire. Will made 7 Dec 1598 of John Plant yeoman of Yahnnefield [Yatnfield is under 3 miles south of Swynnerton] mentions: a debt to Thomas Plant; son Thomas Plant; John Plant son of Humfrey Plant; daughter Cassander and her daughter Ellin Bayliss; Cassander's sons and daughters Richard, John, ? and ?; his [the testator's] godchild Margerie Plant; the son and daughters Thomas, Margarett and Elizabeth of Thomas Plant of Mayeford [Meaford is under 3 miles east of Swynnerton]; his [the testator's] brother Nicholas Plant. Probate 22 Dec 1598. [Act Book folio 139].
1596 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Richd Plant of Leek Staffordshire [FindMyPast listed only, no papers] [Act Book Only 155 Admin, 8 April 1596].
1595 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Margarete (or Margt) Plant (or Plantt) of Drayton in Hales Shropshire. [Act Book Only folio 133b, dated 30 May 1595].
1595 Prerogative Court of Canterbury (TNA)
* Will of Elizabeth Plante, widow of Blockley, peculiar of Worcestershire, now in Gloucestershire.
1594 will, of Oxfordshire
* Will of Thomas Plant, yeoman of Great Bourton, Oxfordshire.
1591 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Christopher Plante, yeoman of Redearth in the parish of Leek Staffordshire. Will made 11 Feb 1590 [our 1591]. Residue to Joan Plant alias Birchinhaulghe my supposed daughter; Charles Rudyard gent and Laurence Clulowe to be executors. Debts owing to testator include James Plant (3s 4d). Inventory dated 5 March 1590 (our 1591) by Charles Rudyard gent, Laurence Plant, Laurence Clulowe and William Watson. Debts owing and owed also includes names of many non-Plants [see Transcript]. Probate note for Christopher Plant, yeoman of Leek, dated ?22 Sep 1591 (at Stone). [Act Book folio 4]. [See also a possibly unrelated document for a Christopher Plant of Leek dated 1567, also mentions Thomas Plante; Christopher and Thomas are two of seven children in this 1567 will for a Richard Plant of Stony Cliffe; note also mention of a Christopher Plante in 1587/8 will below.] [In connection with daughter Joan Plant alias Birchinhaulghe the alias might have originated from a place-name in Quarnford at the north of Leek parish: Birchinbooth 1598 SHC XVI 170, Birchenbough 1682 Brown - place-name reference Horovitz, David (2003) A survey and analysis of the place-names of Staffordshire. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham].
1588 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Lawrence Plant of Leek Staffordshire. Attestation of Elizabeth Plant relict; also mentions William Plant and Elizabeth Plant. Probate 29 July 1588. Note of Admin on 19 July 1558 [misfiled by FMP as Alveley, Shropshire] states brother-in-law Richard Edge to act as proctor for widow Elizabeth Plante, goods to the use of the underage children William and Elizabeth of said Laurence Plante; their tuition committed to said Richard Edge and another kinsman Ralph Gardner - see Transcript and translation. [Act Book folio 128]. [Note: in a 1543 list for rental of land in the Fryth from Dieulacres Abbey, a Reginald Plant (see 1587/8 item below) and a Laurence Plant were paying 53/4 for Red Earth; also a William Plant 13/8 for Brendock Hollins, a William Plant 5/- for a fourth part of Hulme Mylne and a Helen Plant 5/- for a further fourth] [note also, in a 1552 subsidy list, there is a Lawrence Plant 10/-].
1587/8 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Reginald (or Regnaldi or Renold) Plante, husbandman of Park Lane in the parish of Leek Staffordshire. Will dated 8 Jan 1587/8 (our 1588) mentions: James Plante tailor of the parish of Astbury (near Congleton); his son James Plant the younger; every daughter of Thomas Plante of Red Earth; his kinsman John Jepson of Macclesfield and daughter Isabell Jepson and four sons William, James, Ralph and Edward; his co-occupant of messuage or tenement at Park Lane Thomas Shaw; Roger Tunkinson the younger of Park Lane; Anne Tunkinnson daughter of John Tunlinson, George Holme of Leek; James Holme son of Ralph Holme of Wetwood; Ellen Bullock daughter of Lawrence Bulloch of Dounwood; Agnes Grensmyth one cow which is at John Heath's house in Gratton. [See full Transcript of will]. Inventory dated Jan 1587 (our 1588) prepared by landholders Christopher Plante, John Heath, Laurence Bullock and Thomas ?Hame. [Act Book folio 121].
1586 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Humfrey Plant of Swynnerton Staffordshire. Will made 3 Mar 1585/6 [our 1586] mentions: son John Plant; John Goodwyn of Swynnerton; and wife Cassander Plant. Inventory made 13 Mar 1585/6. Probate 20 Oct 1586. [Act Book folio 113]. [Note: though not necessarily the same Humfrey, a Humfrey Plant is named as an overseer of a 1583 will of Thomas Asteburies of Aston near Stone - Aston-by-Stone is just 6 miles from Swynnerton - source Plant journal page 30].
1585/6 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Robert Plante husbandman of Tittesworth in Leek parish, Staffordshire. Will dated 9 Feb 1583/4 (our 1584): mentions many surnames including daughter Jeanne ?Dillyhorne. List of debts owed to him includes William Plant of Stonycliffe, John Plant of Clulowe and William Plant of the Lowe. Probate 3 Mar 1585/6. In a summary of wills the one for Robert Plant mentions ?Byern Plant and William Plant. [Act Book folio 108]. [Note: Tittesworth in about 2 miles to the east of Leek town, Lowe is immediately to this town's west but the location of Clulowe is uncertain: for example Clewlow Sprink is just half a mile south of Whiston near Cheadle on a 1836 map; Clewlows Bank is to the south of Stanley Moor in 1890; and Clulow Cross is 1 mile to the north of Wincle just over the boundary into Cheshire in 1842 - place-name reference Horovitz, David (2003) A survey and analysis of the place-names of Staffordshire. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham].
1583/4 wills, probate in Lichfield
* Will of William Plant of Unknown location. [Act Book Only folio 189, 9 Mar 1583-4 our 1584].
** Will of Alice Plont of Grendon Warwickshire [Act Book only Admin 158b, 16 Jan 1583-4 our 1584].
1583 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thos Plant of Stoke on Trent Staffordshire. [Act Book Only Admin folio 156b, dated 26 Jun 1583].
1576 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William (or Wm) Plant (or Plante) of Leek Staffordshire. Will made 6 Apr 1576 for William Plant of ?Colles,,, in the parish of Leek mentions wife Ellen, father ?Robte Plant, daughter ?Ales Plant, non-Plants include ones of Tittesworth, witnesses including ?Rogear Plant, debts including to ?Robte Plant of Lowe and Nicholas Plant. Probate 27 April and 28 Nov 1576. [Act Book folio 76b]. [Note: in a 1543 list of rentals from Dieulacres Abbey, a Robert Plant had been paying 15/- for land in Lowe].
** Will of Thos Plant of Stoke on Trent Staffordshire [nothing found].

Return to wills menu

A possible spread of Plants from Horton or Dieulacres

The first Plants in Staffordshire might have spread from Horton and by the 16th-century some of their locations are indicated below, albeit on a map of three centuries later. This corresponds to a Longspée-Audley feudal hypothesis though, in an alternative hypothesis of Normandy Lords, they might have arrived first in north Staffordshire in connection with the lands of Dieulacres Abbey before making contact with the adjacent Audley Lords of Horton.

This first map below was surveyed around 1837-42 with hills included in this 1864 engraving and with the Churnet Valley railway inserted in June 1878. Leek town is near the centre at the bottom and the railway cuts across from near there and runs alongside Rudyard Reservoir which was created to feed the Caldon Canal in the late 18th century. This map segment covers about 6 miles west to east and 4 miles north to south.

Red Earth and Stony Cliff

Some key locations: (1) at bottom left of map, the Audley Lords held land around Gratton and Horton by 1218, until 1535; (2) the Plant family was at (Reede-yerth) Red Earth by 1504, according to a deed of that date; (3) the Plants were also at Stony Cliff in 1438; (4) at top right, a painting of the view from near Ramshaw Rocks towards the town of Leek is reproduced here near the begining of this webpage.

An alternative scheme starts with Dieulacres Abbey, contingent with a first-known Plante record in 1180 in western Normandy where the Chester earls had long held land and influence – this can be taken to have led on to these earls' 1214 refoundation of Poulton Abbey as Dieulacres. Some assorted early Plant locations around this Plant homeland of Dieulacres lands are shown in the late 20th-century sketch map below, which overlaps with the map above.

Early Plants around Dieulacres lands

KEY
A: Abbey Farm, former site of Dieulacres Abbey founded 1214
B: 1373 Thomas Plontt had failed to pay the fine for pasturing a bullock across the River Dane from Luds Church
C: 1381 Thomas Plonte complicit with Abbot of Dieulacres in a murder at Leek
D: 1406 Edward Plont took 39 year lease from Dieulacres Abbey for Calwo-hey de Roche-grange
E: 1438, permission from Abbot for an enclosure granted to Richard Plont of Stony Cliffe (marks approx location of Stony Cliff)
F: Some entries in 1543 register of rentals from Dieulacres Abbey
F1: Reginald and Lawrence Plont for property at Rederth
F2: Wm and Helena Plont for portions of Hulme-mylne (approximate localion of a mill near Hulme)
F3: Richd, Henry, Wm, and Helena Plont for various lands around Tittesworth (the reservoir supplies drinking water and was first constructed as early as 1858 with a visitor centre in 1998)

Location F1 corresponds with '2' in preceding map and E with '3'.

Return to Wills menu

1575-1551

20 records, 19 for males.

1574 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of Thos Plonte of Alstonfield. Probate 14 Jun 1574. [Act Book Admin folio 40b].
1568 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Richard Plant (or Plantt) of Stone, Staffordshire. Will made 1 Sep 1568: donations to poor of Stone and poor of Newcastle under Lyme; mentions brothers John Plantt and William Plantt and sister Elizabeth Plantt; Margaret Plantt; Thomas Plantt of Stone; John Plantt of Darlaston; several non-Plants including John Tonkinson and Thomas Walker; executors to be brother John Plant and John Plant his ?..son. Inventory only [incorrectly filed by FMP as Alveley] dated 2 Sep 1568 mentions Thomas Plant of Stone and Thomas Plant of Meaford (near Stone). Probate 6 Oct 1568 for Richard Plant of ? [Act Book folio 110b]. Another entry 20 Nov 1568 for Richard Plant of Stone. [Act Book folio 111b].
* Will of Richd Plont of Edgmond, Shropshire.
* Will of Richd Plont of ?. Probate 6 Oct 1568. [Act Book 110b].
1568 Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index
* Will of William Plant of Pattishall, Northamptonshire.
1567 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Richard Plant of Stony Cliffe in parish of Leek Staffordshire. Will made 12 July 1567 [part torn off and missing] mentions wife Heylyn [Helen], son William, children Christopher Plant, ?John, ?, Thomas, Laurence and Agnes. Inventory made 25 July by Robert Hulme of Thorncliffe, William Collet and Thomas Hulme. [Thorncliffe is a little over a mile to the south of Stony Cliff]. Probate dated 20 Sep 1567. [Act Book folio 99b].
1566 wills, of Leicestershire
* Will of John Plante Coleorton, Leicestershire.
* Will of John Plant Wheeverton, Leicestershire.
1561 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Jacobi (or James) Plant of Waterfall (Leek parish) Staffordshire. Summary note only. [Act Book folio 16b].
1560 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plant of Leek Staffordshire. Summary note only dated 24 July 1560 mentions relict Joanne. [Act Book Only Admin folio 7].
** Will of Willi (or Wm) Plant of Leek Staffordshire. Summary note only dated 13 Nov 1560. [Act Book Only folio 12b].
** Will of George (or Georgy) Plant of Tamworth Staffordshire. [listing only]. [Act Book Only Admin folio 7].
1558 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plante of Comberford in Tamworth parish, Staffordshire. Will made 3 April 1557, mentions so John Plant, two daughters, four children of daughter Ann Taylor; resididue to son George Plant, he also to be executor. Inventory made 29 Oct 1550. Probate note dated 31 Oct 1558 mentions George Plant son and executor, [Act Book folio 146b]. [Note. There is also 1535 document mentioning John Plontt, husbandman of Comberford].
** Will of Thomas (or Thos) Plant of Gresley, Derbyshire. Will made 20 Aug 1558: to be buried in churchyard of Gresley; mentions brothers John and Laurence Plant; sons John and Thomas Plant; wife Anne; lands in ? parish; executors to be son John and Thomas and brother John. Probate dated 5 Dec 1558 mentions John Plant of ? son and executor and others. [Act Book folio 151b].
1557 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Richard Plant (or Plont) of Waterfall (Leek parish) Staffordshire. Will dated 8 Jan 155.. (corner missing) mentions wife Marget and son ?Jamys (?James). [Act Book folio 99].
1556 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Helen (or Helene) Plant (or Plont) of Leek Staffordshire. Will dated 19 Oct 1555 mentions two daughters ? and Elizabeth. Inventory made by William Plont and three others. Probate 7 May 1556. [Act Book folio 85b]. [Note: in 1543 a Helena Plont was listed as paying 8/- in rent to Dieulacres Abbey for land in Tittesworth and likewise a William Plante 12/- - similarly also Henry Plant 21/8 in Tittesworth and Richard Plant 4d for a yate over rivulet running between Tittesworth and Lordship of Bradnapp. Tittesworth shown in above 18th century map between Leek and Stony Cliff.]
1555 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of William Plant of the town of Stone in Staffordshire. Will made 18 April 1555: mentions wife Elizabeth; his current servant Joan Plant daughter of his brother Nicholas; Thomas Briggewood of Burston, Robert Walkaley; Ellen Walkaley mother of Elizabeth Walkaley; Elizabeth Kempe daughter of Robert Kempe; Hom son of Hom Plant of Aston [Humfrey]; land in Stafford; wife Elizabeth and son ?Sampson to be executors. Probate 10 Aug 1555. [Act Book folio 79b]. [Note: though not necessarily the same William, a William Plante butcher of Stone was granted land in Walton in the parish of Stone, formerly part of the possessions of Stone priory, on 20 June 1542 - source Plant journal page 30].
1553 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Richd (or Ric) Plant of Alstonefield Staffordshire. [Act Book Only folio 55]].
1552 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plant of Stone, Staffordshire. Will made 19 Feb 15-- [part torn away]: mentions daughters Alice and Jane, son Robert, Henry Winstanley, Richard Cliffe; half of residue to wife Margaret and half to children Humfrey, John, Thomas, Robert and Jane; executors to be wife Margaret and son Humfrey; overseers to be Humfrey Stanley and brother William Plant; witnesses Alice Cliffe, John Massey, Ellen Maystone, with others more; debts include mention of John Plant and Thomas Plant. Inventory dated 12 May 1552. Listed probate note mentions both aforesaid executors dated 17 May 1552. [Act Book 40b].
1551 will, probate in Lichfield
* Administration of Thomas Plaunts of Penkridge, 21 Aug 1551 [Act Book Only, folio 26b].

Return to wills menu

Plants at Stone and to the south

The earliest known Plant wills are not least for Plants in and around Stone [towards bottom of map below] including at nearby Aston-by-Stone, Darlaston, Yarnfield, Swynnerton, Standon and Milwich. There is also an early will (1550) for a Henry Plant of Stoke on Trent in the Potteries [half way down the map below]. This mentions a brother John Plant of Yarnfield near Stone.

2014 map of Leek to Stone

Initial locations of the Plant name in Staffordshire seem to relate to early locations of their feudal lords: the Audleys. Their lands included a manor around Horton, near Rudyard [near the top right of the map above] and this corresponds to particularly many early Plant wills that form a main cluster of the Plant name around the general region of Leek parish.

In the Longspée-Audley feudal hypothesis, the Plant name links through from its first known occurrence in Normandy in 1180, with a possible cultural transfer of the name through England with the travels of William Longspée (ca.1176-1225), who became High Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1224. Also there were Longspée family links to the Audley lords in the main Plant homeland of north Staffordshire [such as near the top right of the map below]

Around 1300, the Audleys more generally held estates throughout the northern part of Staffordshire with one as far south as Yarnfield in the south of the medieval parish of Swynnerton [towards bottom left of the map above]. This can be related to the aforementioned cluster of Plant wills near Stone.

It is not clear whether Plants generally migrated around the Audley estates around Staffordshire or whether the name was coined independently as an occupation at the different estates. Local travel of a single Plant family (such as by around 15 miles) could have occurred however by the times of the first sixteenth-century wills listed here.

There is evidence that a few Plants travelled further, such as the 70 miles "county to county" for a drover Edmund Plant in a 1453 document. Certainly, more widespread travel of a single genetic family of Plants had occurred by around the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries – this is indicated by Y-DNA evidence concerning the ancestral locations of tested Plants.

Considering some of the early Plant wills, it seems that the 1552 will for a John Plant of Stone (summarised in the list of wills above) might well relate to a family that had been at Aston-by-Stone in 1532-3 – Aston: John Plountt, Margaret, uxor eius, Humphrey [uxor eius means his wife].

The most southerly Plant in this 1532-3 list of Staffordshire families might be thought to have been at the Darlaston near Wolverhamton [off the bottom of the map]. There had been an ealier Plant at Darlaston, in a document dated 1471. However, the 1540 will below, for a Nicholas Plant, points to a smaller Darlaston in a more northerly location and it seems likely, from the outset, that the Darlaston Plants were at this one, part of the cluster near Stone.

Plants to the south and the east

Leaving any ambiguity about Darlaston aside, the furthest south of the Plants in the 1532-3 list of Staffordshire families is at Tillington with Forgate, which are now both northerly suburbs of the county town of Stafford [near centre of Staffordshire in map below].

More particularly, there is a 1551 will (listed above) for a Plant at Penkridge, which is 6 miles south of Stafford town and almost 15 miles south of Stone. We now enter into the realms of ambiguous links in seeking clues from the Audley feudal hypothesis, in which Plants could have migrated between and from various Audley estates. A particularly close proximity is that there were early thirteenth-century Audley lands at Shareshill and Great Saresdon Woods (sic) and these are just around 5 miles south of the Plant at Penkridge and 5 miles north of Wolverhampton – both Penkridge and Wolverhampton are shown on the map below.

Figure: Emerging centres in Staffordshire; (a) Boroughs and towns 1066-1500; (b) Urban populations by circa 1500.
Emerging population centres in Staffordshire
[AHAOS, p.47]

Around south Staffordshire, there was a John Plant in 1401 and 1403 at Wombourne, around 10 miles south from Great Saredon. More southerly Plants could have been at least partly separate from those in north Staffordshire since early times, though Y-DNA evidence shows that the main Plant genetic family was ancestrally amongst those both north and south in Staffordshire, by the times of more recent centuries.

There are some relatively distant Plants in early wills at Tamworth (1558, 1560) [towards the bottom right of the two maps above]. There is also a Plant at Comberford near Tamworth in a 1535 document, which also mentions Horton (presumably the one near Leek) and Sandon (near Stafford). Tamworth is almost 20 miles east of Great Saredon and around 25 miles south east from Sandon [near Stafford] and, perhaps more surprisingly, 50 miles mostly south from the 1535 document's mention of Horton [near Leek]. Some further early wills are at Grendon (1584), 5 miles from Tamworth while, in adjoining counties, Gresley (1558) and Coleorton (1566) are both around 15 miles from Tamworth.

Though there is in particular a populous Plant cluster around north Staffordshire and a secondary one near Stone, Plants to the south become more gradually apparent, especially around Wolverhampton (near Great Saredon), Dudley and Birmingham.

Plants also to the north and the east

At a similar distance (15 miles) north from Horton near Leek, as Stone is to the south, Plants were renting land at Rainow in Cheshire by 1382 [Rainow is near the top left of the map shown below, with Rudyard near Horton lower down on the left]. Note however that wills are missing to the north into Cheshire until 1611 though some other records are available. For these, the Macclesfield Court Rolls indicate that vacant land had become available at Rainow following the mid fourteenth-century Black Death and this was followed by the arrival of a Plant family there.

2015 map of Leek to Rainow
The pink area represents Britain's first National Park, designated in 1951
for the Peak District [full map is OL24 in the OS Explorer series].

Migrations of a single genetic family of Plants, 15 miles both north and south from Horton, does not seem unreasonable by the sixteenth century. Rather further afield, there is a Plant will at Wirksworth [near bottom right of this map] which is around 25 miles east of Leek. This 1545 Wirksworth will is the most distant of the wills listed below. At a roughly intermediate location, just off the bottom of this map, there is a 1537 will for Plants at Ashbourne, near a Plant at Feny Bentley in a 1523 document.

Return to Wills menu

1550-1526

11 records, 9 for males.

1550 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thome (or Thos) Plante of Leek and Alstonefiled Staffordshire. Probate for Thomas Plante of Leek [Act Book folio 9] dated 5 May 1550 mentions Thomas Plant exec [cf. this evidently relates to the following 1548 will of Thomas Plant of Alstonefield which includes connections to Leek, for his burial and for a Plant named overseer; the following 1548 will also mentions a Thomas son of Thomas as an executor and the same date]. ** Will of Thomas Plant of Alstonefield Staffordshire. Will made 2 July 1548: to be buried in churchyard of St Edward Leek; mentions wife Jane; also children William, Thomas, Edward and Margaret; also William the son of Robert Plant - executors to be wife Jane and Thomas with overseers George Plant of Tetesworth and Thomas Plant my son ?? Robert. Probate 5 May 1550. [Act Book folio 9].
** Will of Henrie (or Henry) Plant (or Plante) of Stoke on Trent or Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire. Probate [Act Book folio 15] mentions William Plant exec dated 3 Oct 1550 [this is the same date etc as probate mentioned below [Stoke on Trent adjoins Newcastle under Lyme]. ** Will of Henry Plant of Newcastle under Lyme Staffordshire. Will dated 12 Jan 1550 mentions: wife Margaret; 3 sons William, John, and Richard; Richard ? of Newcastle aforesaid and brother John Plonnte of ?Yarnfeld. Probate 3 Oct 1550.
** Will of William Plante of Milwich (near Stone), Staffordshire. Will made 3 Dec 1549: to be buried in the churchyard of Milwich; debts paid and then residue to children [unnamed]; executors to be John Allyn and John ?Sandes. Probate note mentions aforesaid John and John dated 6 May 1550. [Note: a 1532-3 list of Staffordshire families evidently mentions this family as: Milwich: William Plount, Agnes, uxor eius, John, William, Agnes, Hamlet, Margery, Catherine, Ellen, Agnes].
1545 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Hugh (or Hugonis) Plant (or Plante) of Wirksworth Derbyshire. Will made 13 July 1544: mentions wife Margaret; son and heir William Plante; two other sons George and John Plante; four daughters Emote, Margaret, Agnes and Isabal Plante; also friends James Dean and William Wood [see full Transcript]. Probate 8 May 1545 [Act Book folio 29].
1540 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Roger Plant of Leek Staffordshire. Probate [Act Book note only, folio 84] mentions ?Willm Plant, dated 5 Jul 1540.
** Will of Nicholas Plont of Stone, Staffordshire [Act Book folio 85, see also nearby Darlaston entry below, evidently same person of the Darlaston near Stone]. Inventory of Nicholas Plant of Darlaston, Staffordshire (barely legible) made 6 July 1540. Probate 12 July 1540.
1537/8 wills, probate in Lichfield
** Will of John Plante of Tittesworth in parish of Leek, Staffordshire. Will made 26 Oct 1537: to be buried at Saint Edwards churchyard Leek; to the lord abbot of Dieulacres and his brether (sic) 3s 4d; goods to be divided in 3 parts, one for his expenses, one for his wife and one to be equally divided amongst his children; also the three children of his first wife to have the residue of his part; also 3s 4d to Edmund Washynton; executors to be wife and William Hulme of (tesworth) Tittesworth, with overseers William Washunton and Henry Plante of Tittesworth; witnesses Richard Gent vicar of Leek, Richard Stanlow, William Plante 'wt other moo' (with others more). Probate dated 5 Feb 1537/38 (our 1538): proved by Alice relict of the deceased and William Holme executors. [Act Book folio 44]. [See full Transcript]. [Note: Tittesworth includes land between Leek town and Stony Cliff and is mentioned in connection with Plant wills of 1671, 1665, 1584, 1576, 1556 aswell as in this 1537/38 will]. [In a 1532/3 list of Staffordshire families this 1537/8 will apparently corresponds to the family 'Leekfrith(5)', namely John Plount, Alice, uxor eius, Joan, Agnew, James, Margaret, Margery, Mary .. though none of these families mention a Henry Plante - this Henry might be he of Newcastle-under-Lyme (in Staffordshire) of the 1550 will above though this does not clarify quite why his name is missing from the listed 1532/3 Staffordshire families].
1537 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Thomas Plante of Ashbourne Derbyshire. Will (hard to read) dated 14 Nov 1536.
1533 will, probate in Lichfield
* Will of John Plonnt/Plount of Leek Staffordshire. Probate note dated 14 May 1533 [Act Book Only, folio 31b].
1532 will, probate in Lichfield
** Will of Alice Plaunt of Stone, Staffordshire. Probate note dated 24 April 1532 mentions sons and executors Richard and John [Act Book Only, folio 2].
1527 will, probate in Lichfield (WKP)
** Will of Alice Plant, widow of Stone in Staffordshire [listed only, no papers, perhaps a different Alice in 1532 entry above].

Pre 1525

1518-1529 Chancery Court (TNA)
* Katherine Plant, executrix of the late Thomas Plant versus Thomas Skevyngton, Gentleman. Concerning woods bought of the abbot and convent of St Mary de Pratis [aka Leicester Abbey, in Leicester town] to the use of the said William Plant [TNA C 1/559/44].
Note. In the Longspée-Audley feudal hypothesis Ralph Stafford, eldest son (d 1347) of Margaret de Audley married Maud Countess of Leicester (1340-62). The Plant surname is in documents for Leicester town and county in 1376, 1453, 1505, 1512, 1514, 1528, 1529, 1530, 1537.
1452-65 Scholar at Oxford (WKP)
* John Plant, Cistercian Monk, Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire, was granted papal dispensation to hold a benefice with cure of souls, 21 Oct 1465.
Note. In 1455, Richard Plant was a fuller at Edelsburgh, Buckinghamshire [Common Pleas] about 10 miles from Woburn.

Return to Wills menu

The changing Diocese of Lichfield

Many of the early Plant wills listed above received probate at Lichfield. The changing boundaries of the medieval diocese of Coventry and Lichfield are described below.

Lichfield Diocese
[AHAOS, pp 18-19]

When King Wolfhere (d.674) of Mercia made a grant to Lichfield, its diocese covered the whole of the midlands of England and its Christian bishops were there already. Though later that century it lost Hereford, Lindsay and Worcester, it still included Cheshire, Derbyshire, the northern part of Shropshire and part of Warwickshire, as well as the county of Staffordshire.

In the early 10th century, the diocese was extended to include the area between the rivers Mersey and Ribble in Lancashire. After the seat of the diocese had moved to Chester and then to Coventry in the 11th century, it returned to Lichfield in the 12th. The Coventry monks retained a vote for appointing the bishop along with the Lichfield chapter, and so the diocese became known as that of Coventry and Lichfield. It retained that name when the Coventry priory was dissoved in 1539 and the Lichfield chapter became the sole elector.

In the 1660s the bishop reversed the order of the names to Lichfield and Coventry. It eventually became known as just Lichfield after 1836 when it lost Coventry to the Worcester diocese. In the meantime, the Chester archdeaconary had become part of the diocese of Chester in 1541 and, in 1878, Derbyshire became part of Southwell diocese.

Return to Wills menu

Some Relevant Statistics concerning Plant wills

For data mainly around Suffolk around 1620, Clark and his co-workers have estimated that around 39% of men aged 16, and over, made a probated will. For those giving an occupation, 37% were yeoman farmers and 16% were husbandmen [SOTR, p 712]. This and other statistical data is given in the following publications:

[SOTR - G Clark and G Hamilton (Sep 2006) Survival of the Richest: the Malthusian Mechanism in pre-Industrial England, The Journal of Economic History, Vol 66, No 3, pp 707-736.]   [SASM - G Clark and N Cummins, Surnames and Social Mobility: England 1230-2012, Working Paper, University of California, Davis.] [AFTA - G Clark, A Farewell to Alms: A brief Economic History of the World, (2007).]   [TSAR - G Clark, The Son Also Rises: 1,000 years of Social Mobility (2014).]

Corresponding information for the Plant surname is sparse. In order for the numbers to become large enough to be meaningful, we need to consider Plant numbers that are aggregated over many more years. We start with accumulated numbers over a succession of 25 year periods and then total them over all of the 250 pre-Industrial years from 1525 to 1775.

We then have that 38% of Plant testators with a stated occupation were yeoman farmers - this is roughly the same fraction as around 1620 in SOTR. On the other hand, almost twice as many as found in SOTR, 31%, were husbandmen. This leaves out detailed mention of relatively few gentlemen, priests, labourers, shepherds, mariners, for example.

Years: 1526-
 1550
1551-
 1575
1576-
 1600
1601-
 1625
1626-
 1650
1651-
 1675
1676-
 1700
1701-
 1725
1726-
 1750
1751-
 1775

Total
Records:   1120181923 2452334558303
for Males:   9191518 191844263946253
with Occupations:  005 8131033201827 134
yeomen:  003 53499612  51
husbandmen:  002 38116444  42
Uni students:  000 2131000   7

Clark's data for the population more generally, around 1620, indicates that the average numbers of surviving children were roughly: 2.8 fathered by a husbandman; and, 3.3 by a yeoman [AFTA, p 89].

To summarise the above table of statistical data, the table indicates that over one-third of the Plant testators were reasonably high status yeomen and nearly a further third were husbandmen. In the population more generally, the latter have been estimated to be of rather lower than average status; though, that said, the description yeoman, or husbandman, was rather imprecise. Some husbandmen were literate and wealthier than illiterate yeomen [SOTR, p 725].

This matters because, according to the SOTR data, it is specifically the wealth of a male testator, better than his occupation, that gives a good guide to the generally expected number of surviving sons. Hence, wealth is relevant for our purposes in so far as it relates to the perpetuation and growth of a surname family. Not all rich yeomen, gentlemen and merchants had many surviving fertile children but, in the absence of more detail being extracted from the available Plant wills below, our existing knowledge about the numbers of Plants who were yeomen and husbandmen can provide some clues concerning this surname's proliferation.

In the economic circumstances of pre-Industrial England [TSAR, p 132], knowing someone's occupation explained only about one-fifth of the wealth variation between wills [AFTA, p 86]. For example, yeoman farmers left £376 on average but as much as £6,352; husbandmen on average £82 but as much as £1,898 [AFTA, p 87]. A typical male testator in England, in those years around 1620, would leave on average 2.58 surviving children [SOTR, p 722]. In Clark's data for those times, the median bequest of wealth, comprising land, goods and cash, amounted to £100 [AFTA, p 87]. A richer male testator than this would typically father 5.8 births (or 9.2 if married for 20 or more years); a poorer 4.2 (or 6.4 if long married); hence the richer half of these male testators fathered around 40% more births than the poorer [AFTA, p 89].

As well as fathering more children, the relatively rich, especially those leaving home to be well educated, could have had the wherewithal to migrate and ramify sons bearing their paternal surname.

A few Plants in the table above are designated as Uni Students. These are attendees at Oxford and Cambridge Universities who, in the general population, are estimated to have belonged to a cohort of around 1% of all suitably aged males, though this estimate increases to around 2% during the years 1560 to 1679 [SASM, p 5]. More generally, when other educational oportunities are added, such as at the Innes of Court, the estimate becomes more generally 2% [TSAR, p 75].

Some privileged sons, however, would no doubt have inherited farmable land that was extensible in Leek parish. Though the numbers of Plant testators in this main homeland fell with the arrival of the Industrial Age, it appears that many chose not to migrate away before 1775. Presumably the eldest sons were sometimes favoured. The Plant testators appear to have had a typical fraction of above-average status yeoman farmers [by comparison with AFTA] whilst, more strikingly, they had a relatively high fraction of Plant husbandmen. Both of these occupations require land. This might be relevant for the unusually large growth of the main Plant family, in so far it appears that rural landholders had rather an above average number of surviving children.

For the population more generally, the average number of fertile sons per male testator, in 1585-1638, is reported [SOTR, p 715] to be 1.51 in rural areas, as against 1.22 in towns and 0.83 in London. Rural landowners evidently produced more sons than the average. The rural average, 1.51, was little different however from the overall average number, at 1.42, in Clark's data sample in SOTR, though this omits non-testators who could have fathered fewer.

A substantial part of the descent from the large and small Plant landholders would no doubt have remained with or near the Plants' ancestral homelands, as indeed the following evidence seems to indicate.

Of the 18 Staffordshire Plant families in 1532-33, listed here, the fraction near to Dieulacress Abbey, in Leek parish, was 56% and there were a further 17% further south near Stone priory. For the listed Plant records below, during 1526 to 1625, 62% are in Staffordshire, 11% in Shropshire and 8% in Derbyshire, though the coverage of more widespread counties is somewhat haphazard. Of the wills etc records below for Staffordshire, 42% are in Leek parish, 11% are in adjoining Alstonefield of the Staffordshire Moorlands, and 27% are near Stone in the richer and more populous central band of the county.

After 1626, we have some better information about the occupations of Plant testators. Of the 42 known Plant yeomen between 1626 and 1775 for all counties in the following list, 45%, were near the former location (e.g. Leek, Wincle, Bosley) and 17% were near the latter (Stone, Yarnfield, Swynnerton, Standon, Milwich). These percentage s for yeomen in 1626-1775 are very similar to the fractions for Staffordshire families 1532-33. For the holders of less land, the 36 husbandmen, the percentages were 49% and 3%, in other words similar to the yeomen near Leek though much less so for husbandmen near Stone.

This suggests that the Plants persisting in the main ancestral homeland, especially the yeomen around Leek parish, could have generated much of a strong growth for the main Plant family. Population expansion here in the so-called Staffordshire Moorlands, in the extensive unimproved pasture albeit harsh in winter, could have left room for smaller landholders as indicated by the high percentage of the husbandmen here.

These main homeland Plants no doubt often had family links to those who migrated elsewhere, as indicated by the y-dna evidence for the main Plant family (outlined here).

For early times, when the migrations likely started, it is important to note that the early Plant data contains major gaps. These are indicated in the following table for example. This summarises the parish records listed here for 1538-1600, by just giving the local percentages of the total number of Plants records known for the main counties for the Plant name. This is followed by the number of Plant wills etc listed below for the broadly overlapping years 1526-1625.

  Staffs Chesh Lincs Leices DerbysWarks NorfShrop OxonWilts
Parish  19%28%7%6%3%3% 2%0%.003%.005%
Wills  4010642 0842
Within the data for Staffordshire, the parish records show that 0% were in Leek parish and 45% were at Stone, even though other earlier and later data shows that Leek was the main Plant homeland. This is shown to such an extent as 56% in Leek parish and 17% near Stone for the 1532-33 Staffordshire Plant families (listed here) for example. This indicates a major gap for Leek in parish records for the main Plant homeland. We can estimate that, if these Leek parish records were not missing, the percentage of parish records for Staffordshire in the above table would likely have become nearer to around 40% instead of 19%, though perhaps not as high as the 61% indicated by the yet available Plant wills data.

As already mentioned, our coverage of probated wills data throughout various counties is haphazard, at least so far. That said, the Lichfield probate data for Staffordshire, Shropshire and Derbyshire is relatively good. These are the counties to which the main Plant family would probably have had the most chance of spreading, in early centuries, from Leek and Alstonefield parishes in the northern Staffordshire Moorlands.. This omits the county of Cheshire (with its poor representation at this time in the Plant wills numbered in the above table), though this county is just over the border from Leek parish in north Staffordshire. In the above table, the contrast of one Cheshire will as against 28% of the parish records is undoubtably a fiction arising from incomplete records.

To summarise the early Plant data, we are fortunate to have the Lichfield probate data for much of the counties surrounding the main Plant homeland, though not for Cheshire during 1526-1625. On the other hand, we are unfortunate in respect of the very poor parish record data for the main Plant homeland of Leek parish itself, where there are no available Plant baptisms, mariages or deaths for 1526-1625 and only occasional disjointed family snippets thereafter. This places extra value on the probated Plant wills, especially for Leek parish, which was evidently the main originating parish for the main Plant family's strong growth. The large fraction of husbandmen as well as yeomen in this parish, in the probated wills above, can be explained by the extensive tracts of initially marginal land and woodland with unimproved pasture in the Staffordshire Moorlands. This left room for the main Plant family's expansion throughout these lands which were known for wool, mutton and beef, having been attached for example to the Cistercian abbey of Dieulacres until its dissolution by 1539, as well as being known for its dairy produce including famed cheese from adjoining Cheshire.

Much scope remains for the transcription and analyses of the above Plant wills and potentially there is scope for the addition of some others elsewhere and at different times.


Plant Home PagePlant Family History Group Homepage